CIA(Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability) represents the foundational principles of information security. These principles form the basis for designing and implementing secure systems and protecting sensitive information.
Confidentiality ensures that information is accessible only to those who have proper authorisation.
Integrity focuses on the accuracy of data to ensure that data remains unaltered during storage, processing, and transmission.
Availability ensures that data is accessible and operational when needed. It involves preventing threats that could impact the availability of services.
The CIA triad provides a framework for security professionals to implement security measures.