How to set Colorbar Range in matplotlib using Python

0 votes

I have the following code:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

cdict = {
  'red'  :  ( (0.0, 0.25, .25), (0.02, .59, .59), (1., 1., 1.)),
  'green':  ( (0.0, 0.0, 0.0), (0.02, .45, .45), (1., .97, .97)),
  'blue' :  ( (0.0, 1.0, 1.0), (0.02, .75, .75), (1., 0.45, 0.45))
}

cm = m.colors.LinearSegmentedColormap('my_colormap', cdict, 1024)

plt.clf()
plt.pcolor(X, Y, v, cmap=cm)
plt.loglog()
plt.xlabel('X Axis')
plt.ylabel('Y Axis')

plt.colorbar()
plt.show()

So this produces a graph of the values 'v' on the axes X vs Y, using the specified colormap. The X and Y axes are perfect, but the colormap spreads between the min and max of v. I would like to force the colormap to range between 0 and 1.

Nov 22, 2018 in Python by Anirudh
• 2,060 points
457 views

1 answer to this question.

0 votes

You could scale your data to the range between 0 to 1 and then modify the colorbar:

import matplotlib as mpl
...
ax, _ = mpl.colorbar.make_axes(plt.gca(), shrink=0.5)
cbar = mpl.colorbar.ColorbarBase(ax, cmap=cm,
                       norm=mpl.colors.Normalize(vmin=-0.5, vmax=1.5))
cbar.set_clim(-2.0, 2.0)

With the two different limits you can control the range and legend of the colorbar. In this example only the range between -0.5 to 1.5 is show in the bar, while the colormap covers -2 to 2 (so this could be your data range, which you record before the scaling).

So instead of scaling the colormap you scale your data and fit the colorbar to that.

answered Nov 22, 2018 by Nymeria
• 3,500 points

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