How can we encrypt a String in Java?

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 Is there some Java class doing encrypt() decrypt() for String without much complication in achieving high security standards?

Oct 26, 2018 in Java by Daisy
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1 answer to this question.

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Let's assume the bytes to encrypt are in

byte[] input;

Next, you'll need the key and initialization vector bytes

byte[] keyBytes;
byte[] ivBytes;

Now you can initialize the Cipher for the algorithm that you select:

// wrap key data in Key/IV specs to pass to cipher
SecretKeySpec key = new SecretKeySpec(keyBytes, "DES");
IvParameterSpec ivSpec = new IvParameterSpec(ivBytes);
// create the cipher with the algorithm you choose
// see javadoc for Cipher class for more info, e.g.
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("DES/CBC/PKCS5Padding");

Encryption would go like this:

cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key, ivSpec);
byte[] encrypted= new byte[cipher.getOutputSize(input.length)];
int enc_len = cipher.update(input, 0, input.length, encrypted, 0);
enc_len += cipher.doFinal(encrypted, enc_len);

And decryption like this:

cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, key, ivSpec);
byte[] decrypted = new byte[cipher.getOutputSize(enc_len)];
int dec_len = cipher.update(encrypted, 0, enc_len, decrypted, 0);
dec_len += cipher.doFinal(decrypted, dec_len);
answered Oct 26, 2018 by Sushmita
• 6,850 points

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