How many ways to create object in java

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In Java programming, what are the various methodologies for creating objects, and how do each of these methodologies differ in terms of their implementation and use cases?
Nov 2, 2023 in Java by Saniya
• 3,320 points
225 views

1 answer to this question.

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In Java, there are several methodologies to create objects, each with its own use cases and implementation considerations:

1. Using the `new` Keyword:
   Implementation: The most common way to create an object is by using the `new` keyword followed by the class name.

     ```java
     ClassName objectName = new ClassName();
     ```

Use Cases: This method is straightforward and is used when you know the class of the object at compile time.

2. Using Reflection:
   Implementation: Reflection allows for object creation of a class whose name is not known until runtime.

     ```java
     Class cls = Class.forName("ClassName");
     Object obj = cls.newInstance();
     ```

Use Cases: Useful when you need to create objects dynamically at runtime, but it's slower than using the `new` keyword.

3. Using `Class.forName()`:

Implementation: Similar to Reflection, but specifically uses the `forName()` method.   

```java
     Object obj = Class.forName("ClassName").newInstance();
     ```

Use Cases: Also useful for creating objects dynamically at runtime.

4.  Using the `clone()` Method:
   Implementation: Creates a new object by copying an existing object.

 ```java
     ClassName object2 = (ClassName) object1.clone();
     ```

Use Cases: Useful when you want to create a copy of an existing object, but the class must implement the `Cloneable` interface.

5. Using the Factory Method:

Implementation: Define an interface for creating an object, but let subclasses alter the type of objects that will be created.   

```java
     public static ClassName createInstance() {
        return new ClassName();
     }
     ```

Use Cases: Useful when a method returns one of several possible classes that share a common super class or interface.

6. Using the Singleton Pattern:
  Implementation: Ensures a class has only one instance and provides a global point of access to that instance.

 ```java
     public class Singleton {
        private static Singleton instance = new Singleton();
        private Singleton() {}
        public static Singleton getInstance() {
           return instance;
        }
     }
     ```

Use Cases: When you want to eliminate the option of instantiating more than one object.

7. Using Object Deserialization:

Implementation: Deserialization is the process of converting the serialized form of an object back to its original state.

```java
     ObjectInputStream in = new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream("filename"));
     ClassName objectName = (ClassName) in.readObject();
     ```

Use Cases: Useful when you need to read objects from a stream and convert them back to their original form.

8. Using Builder Pattern:

Implementation: Allows the creation of complex objects step by step. 

```java
     ClassName objectName = new ClassName.Builder().setProp1(val1).setProp2(val2).build();
     ```

Use Cases: Useful when an object needs to be created with many optional configurations.

These methodologies cater to different scenarios in Java programming. The choice of methodology depends on the specific needs of the code, the design patterns in use, and the circumstances under which objects need to be created.

answered Nov 9, 2023 by anonymous
• 3,320 points

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