This inquiry aims to find the few gems amid the dozens of terrible C++ books that are released each year.
Unlike many other programming languages, which can easily be learned on the fly via online tutorials, few people can fast learn C++ without first studying a well-written C++ book.
It's just too huge and complicated for this.
It's so huge and sophisticated, in fact, that there are a lot of terrible C++ books out there.
And we're not talking about bad taste here; we're talking about things like displaying major factual inaccuracies and encouraging dreadful programming approaches.
Please modify the accepted answer to include excellent books and a rough skill level — ideally after discussing your contribution in the comments section.