How to calculate age in years based on Date of Birth and getDate

0 votes

I have a table listing customers along with their date of birth (currently a nvarchar(25))

How can I convert that to a date, and then calculate their respective age in years?

Given data:

ID    Name   DOB
11     Peter   1997-02-06 00:00:00
12     Jim  1994-04-24 00:00:00

I want the result to be:

ID    Name   AGE  DOB
11     Peter   24   1997-02-06 00:00:00
12     Jim     27   1994-04-24 00:00:00
Feb 23 in Database by Neha
• 6,260 points
35 views

1 answer to this question.

0 votes

Following can be a solution to your problem:

BEST METHOD FOR YEARS IN INTEGER

DECLARE @Now  datetime, @Dob datetime
SELECT   @Now='1990-05-05', @Dob='1980-05-05'  --results in 10
--SELECT @Now='1990-05-04', @Dob='1980-05-05'  --results in  9
--SELECT @Now='1989-05-06', @Dob='1980-05-05'  --results in  9
--SELECT @Now='1990-05-06', @Dob='1980-05-05'  --results in 10
--SELECT @Now='1990-12-06', @Dob='1980-05-05'  --results in 10
--SELECT @Now='1991-05-04', @Dob='1980-05-05'  --results in 10

SELECT
    (CONVERT(int,CONVERT(char(8),@Now,112))-CONVERT(char(8),@Dob,112))/10000 AS AgeIntYears

you can change the above 10000 to 10000.0 and get decimals, but it will not be as accurate as the method below.

BEST METHOD FOR YEARS IN DECIMAL

DECLARE @Now  datetime, @Dob datetime
SELECT   @Now='1990-05-05', @Dob='1980-05-05' --results in 10.000000000000
--SELECT @Now='1990-05-04', @Dob='1980-05-05' --results in  9.997260273973
--SELECT @Now='1989-05-06', @Dob='1980-05-05' --results in  9.002739726027
--SELECT @Now='1990-05-06', @Dob='1980-05-05' --results in 10.002739726027
--SELECT @Now='1990-12-06', @Dob='1980-05-05' --results in 10.589041095890
--SELECT @Now='1991-05-04', @Dob='1980-05-05' --results in 10.997260273973

SELECT 1.0* DateDiff(yy,@Dob,@Now) 
    +CASE 
         WHEN @Now >= DATEFROMPARTS(DATEPART(yyyy,@Now),DATEPART(m,@Dob),DATEPART(d,@Dob)) THEN  --birthday has happened for the @now year, so add some portion onto the year difference
           (  1.0   --force automatic conversions from int to decimal
              * DATEDIFF(day,DATEFROMPARTS(DATEPART(yyyy,@Now),DATEPART(m,@Dob),DATEPART(d,@Dob)),@Now) --number of days difference between the @Now year birthday and the @Now day
              / DATEDIFF(day,DATEFROMPARTS(DATEPART(yyyy,@Now),1,1),DATEFROMPARTS(DATEPART(yyyy,@Now)+1,1,1)) --number of days in the @Now year
           )
         ELSE  --birthday has not been reached for the last year, so remove some portion of the year difference
           -1 --remove this fractional difference onto the age
           * (  -1.0   --force automatic conversions from int to decimal
                * DATEDIFF(day,DATEFROMPARTS(DATEPART(yyyy,@Now),DATEPART(m,@Dob),DATEPART(d,@Dob)),@Now) --number of days difference between the @Now year birthday and the @Now day
                / DATEDIFF(day,DATEFROMPARTS(DATEPART(yyyy,@Now),1,1),DATEFROMPARTS(DATEPART(yyyy,@Now)+1,1,1)) --number of days in the @Now year
             )
     END AS AgeYearsDecimal
answered Feb 23 by Vaani
• 5,040 points

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