How to provide a mysql database connection in single file in nodejs

0 votes

I need to provide the mysql connection for modules. I have a code like this.

var express = require('express'),
app = express(),
server = require('http').createServer(app);

var mysql      = require('mysql');
var connection = mysql.createConnection({
    host     : '127.0.0.1',
    user     : 'root',
    password : '',
    database    : 'chat'
});

connection.connect(function(err) {
    if (err) {
        console.error('error connecting: ' + err.stack);
        return;
    }
});

app.get('/save', function(req,res){
    var post  = {from:'me', to:'you', msg:'hi'};
    var query = connection.query('INSERT INTO messages SET ?', post, function(err, result) {
        if (err) throw err;
    });
});

server.listen(3000);

But how we provide one time mysql connection for all the modules?

Oct 15, 2020 in Node-js by kartik
• 37,510 points
8,560 views

1 answer to this question.

0 votes

Hello @kartik,

You could create a db wrapper then require it. node's require returns the same instance of a module every time, so you can perform your connection and return a handler.

You could create db.js:

var mysql = require('mysql');
var connection = mysql.createConnection({
    host     : '127.0.0.1',
    user     : 'root',
    password : '',
    database : 'chat'
});

connection.connect(function(err) {
    if (err) throw err;
});

module.exports = connection;

Then in your app.js, you would simply require it.

var express = require('express');
var app = express();
var db = require('./db');

app.get('/save',function(req,res){
    var post  = {from:'me', to:'you', msg:'hi'};
    db.query('INSERT INTO messages SET ?', post, function(err, result) {
      if (err) throw err;
    });
});

server.listen(3000);

This approach allows you to abstract any connection details, wrap anything else you want to expose and require db throughout your application while maintaining one connection to your db.

Hope it helps!!

Get your Node.js Certification today to become a certified expert.

Thank you!!

answered Oct 15, 2020 by Niroj
• 82,880 points

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