How to load external scripts dynamically in Angular

0 votes

I have this module which componentize the external library together with additional logic without adding the <script> tag directly into the index.html:

import 'http://external.com/path/file.js'
//import '../js/file.js'

@Component({
    selector: 'my-app',
    template: `
        <script src="http://iknow.com/this/does/not/work/either/file.js"></script>
        <div>Template</div>`
})
export class MyAppComponent {...}

I notice the import by ES6 spec is static and resolved during TypeScript transpiling rather than at runtime.

Apr 22, 2020 in Angular by kartik
• 37,530 points
43,359 views

3 answers to this question.

+1 vote

Hello kartik,

You can use following technique to dynamically load JS scripts and libraries on demand in your Angular project.

script.store.ts will contain the path of the script either locally or on a remote server and a name that will be used to load the script dynamically

 interface Scripts {
    name: string;
    src: string;
}  
export const ScriptStore: Scripts[] = [
    {name: 'filepicker', src: 'https://api.filestackapi.com/filestack.js'},
    {name: 'rangeSlider', src: '../../../assets/js/ion.rangeSlider.min.js'}
];

script.service.ts is an injectable service that will handle the loading of script, copy script.service.ts as it is

import {Injectable} from "@angular/core";
import {ScriptStore} from "./script.store";

declare var document: any;

@Injectable()
export class ScriptService {

private scripts: any = {};

constructor() {
    ScriptStore.forEach((script: any) => {
        this.scripts[script.name] = {
            loaded: false,
            src: script.src
        };
    });
}

load(...scripts: string[]) {
    var promises: any[] = [];
    scripts.forEach((script) => promises.push(this.loadScript(script)));
    return Promise.all(promises);
}

loadScript(name: string) {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        //resolve if already loaded
        if (this.scripts[name].loaded) {
            resolve({script: name, loaded: true, status: 'Already Loaded'});
        }
        else {
            //load script
            let script = document.createElement('script');
            script.type = 'text/javascript';
            script.src = this.scripts[name].src;
            if (script.readyState) {  //IE
                script.onreadystatechange = () => {
                    if (script.readyState === "loaded" || script.readyState === "complete") {
                        script.onreadystatechange = null;
                        this.scripts[name].loaded = true;
                        resolve({script: name, loaded: true, status: 'Loaded'});
                    }
                };
            } else {  //Others
                script.onload = () => {
                    this.scripts[name].loaded = true;
                    resolve({script: name, loaded: true, status: 'Loaded'});
                };
            }
            script.onerror = (error: any) => resolve({script: name, loaded: false, status: 'Loaded'});
            document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);
        }
    });
}

}

Inject this ScriptService wherever you need it and load js libs like this

this.script.load('filepicker', 'rangeSlider').then(data => {
    console.log('script loaded ', data);
}).catch(error => console.log(error));
answered Apr 22, 2020 by Niroj
• 82,820 points
A vert heartfull thanks to you, i searched a lot for this and i spne whole one week. finally i acheived. yhanks

Great solution......but this might work. This Code dynamically appends the <script> tag to the head of the html file on button clicked.

const url = 'http://iknow.com/this/does/not/work/either/file.js';

export class MyAppComponent {
    loadAPI: Promise<any>;

    public buttonClicked() {
        this.loadAPI = new Promise((resolve) => {
            console.log('resolving promise...');
            this.loadScript();
        });
    }

    public loadScript() {
        console.log('preparing to load...')
        let node = document.createElement('script');
        node.src = url;
        node.type = 'text/javascript';
        node.async = true;
        node.charset = 'utf-8';
        document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(node);
    }
}
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0 votes

If you're using system.js, you can use System.import() at runtime:

export class MyAppComponent {
  constructor(){
    System.import('path/to/your/module').then(refToLoadedModule => {
      refToLoadedModule.someFunction();
    }
  );
}


answered Dec 13, 2020 by Gitika
• 65,950 points
0 votes

Try to load external JavaScript on component load as below :

loadAPI: Promise<any>;

constructor() {        
    this.loadAPI = new Promise((resolve) => {
        this.loadScript();
        resolve(true);
    });
}

public loadScript() {        
    var isFound = false;
    var scripts = document.getElementsByTagName("script")
    for (var i = 0; i < scripts.length; ++i) {
        if (scripts[i].getAttribute('src') != null && scripts[i].getAttribute('src').includes("loader")) {
            isFound = true;
        }
    }

    if (!isFound) {
        var dynamicScripts = ["https://widgets.skyscanner.net/widget-server/js/loader.js"];

        for (var i = 0; i < dynamicScripts.length; i++) {
            let node = document.createElement('script');
            node.src = dynamicScripts [i];
            node.type = 'text/javascript';
            node.async = false;
            node.charset = 'utf-8';
            document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(node);
        }

    }
}
answered Dec 13, 2020 by Roshni
• 10,480 points

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