What are the different ways to select an option from a dropdown using Selenium Webdriver?

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What are the different ways to select an option from a dropdown using Selenium Webdriver?
Jul 5, 2019 in Selenium by Swathi
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1 answer to this question.

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Hi Swathi, there are a few ways by which you can select an Option from a Dropdown on Webpage using Selenium. Following are a few:

  1. selectByValue(): You can select an option by using Value attribute provided for each option in dropdown menu. So you can use this Value to select any particular option:
    • WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.id("year")); 
      Select select = new Select(element); 
      select.selectByValue("4"); // This command will select the year with value 4.
  2. selectByIndex(): Here you can use the index to select the option from a drop down. Basically Index starts from 0, so  this means for the first option, index will be 0 and so on:
    • WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.id("year")); 
      Select select = new Select(element); 
      select.selectByIndex("4"); // This command will select the year with index 4 i.e. 5th option
  3. selectByVisibleText() : You can also use the visible text to select the option. So if you wants to select “2015”, you can select the option by visible text i.e. 2015:

    • WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.id("year")); 
      Select select = new Select(element); 
      select.selectByVisibleText("2015");
answered Jul 6, 2019 by Anvi
• 14,090 points
can you explain me the 3rd option deeply what are the webElement element and y we need to call the class or else this is the format for the dropdown function

it  is backage or class and y have any path clear explanation.

guide me any video for this example

selectByVisibleText all options that display text matching the given argument:

java:

WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.name("Countries"));
Select s = new Select(element);
s.selectByVisibleText("Brasil");

html:

<select name="Countries"><option selectd> Please select</option>
  <option value="brasil">Brasil</option>
  <option value="portugal">Portugal</option>
  <option value="am">America</option>
  <option value="america">United States</option>
</select> 

This will select: <option value="br">Brasil</option>

For more info refer to: https://webdriver.io/docs/api/element/selectByVisibleText.html

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