Small files and HDFS blocks

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Does a block in Hadoop Distributed File System store multiple small files, or a block stores only 1 file?
Nov 16, 2018 in Big Data Hadoop by Neha
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1 answer to this question.

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Multiple files are not stored in a single block. BTW, a single file can be stored in multiple blocks. The mapping between the file and the block-ids is persisted in the NameNode.

According to the Hadoop : The Definitive Guide

Unlike a filesystem for a single disk, a file in HDFS that is smaller than a single block does not occupy a full block’s worth of underlying storage.

HDFS is designed to handle large files. If there are too many small files then the NameNode might get loaded since it stores the name space for HDFS. Check this article on how to alleviate the problem with too many small files.

answered Nov 16, 2018 by Frankie
• 9,830 points

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