C - Decimal to binary converting

0 votes

I created a'simple' (30-minute) software that transforms decimal numbers to binary. 

I'm SURE there's a far easier way, so could you teach me? 

The code is as follows:

#include <iostream>
#include <stdlib.h>

using namespace std;
int a1, a2, remainder;
int tab = 0;
int maxtab = 0;
int table[0];
int main()
{
    system("clear");
    cout << "Enter a decimal number: ";
    cin >> a1;
    a2 = a1; //we need our number for later on so we save it in another variable

    while (a1!=0) //dividing by two until we hit 0
    {
        remainder = a1%2; //getting a remainder - decimal number(1 or 0)
        a1 = a1/2; //dividing our number by two
        maxtab++; //+1 to max elements of the table
    }

    maxtab--; //-1 to max elements of the table (when dividing finishes it adds 1 additional elemnt that we don't want and it's equal to 0)
    a1 = a2; //we must do calculations one more time so we're gatting back our original number
    table[0] = table[maxtab]; //we set the number of elements in our table to maxtab (we don't get 10's of 0's)

    while (a1!=0) //same calculations 2nd time but adding every 1 or 0 (remainder) to separate element in table
    {
        remainder = a1%2; //getting a remainder
        a1 = a1/2; //dividing by 2
        table[tab] = remainder; //adding 0 or 1 to an element
        tab++; //tab (element count) increases by 1 so next remainder is saved in another element
    }

    tab--; //same as with maxtab--
    cout << "Your binary number: ";

    while (tab>=0) //until we get to the 0 (1st) element of the table
    {
        cout << table[tab] << " "; //write the value of an element (0 or 1)
        tab--; //decreasing by 1 so we show 0's and 1's FROM THE BACK (correct way)
    }

    cout << endl;
    return 0;
}

Here is the solution I came up with:

std::string toBinary(int n)
{
    std::string r;
    while(n!=0) {r=(n%2==0 ?"0":"1")+r; n/=2;}
    return r;
}
Jun 10 in C++ by Nicholas
• 5,020 points
17 views

1 answer to this question.

0 votes

The.to string() function of std::bitset returns a std::string containing a binary text representation with leading-zero padding.

Use std::bitset32> to get 32-character strings from 32-bit integers, or std::bitset32> to get 32-character strings from 32-bit integers.

#include <iostream>
#include <bitset>

int main()
{
    std::string binary = std::bitset<8>(128).to_string(); //to binary
    std::cout<<binary<<"\n";

    unsigned long decimal = std::bitset<8>(binary).to_ulong();
    std::cout<<decimal<<"\n";
    return 0;
}

answered Jun 10 by Damon
• 4,960 points

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