Flask App Using WTForms with SelectMultipleField

0 votes

Hi guys. I've been practicing my coding skills by implementing what I've learned and built an application using Flask. Now in the application, I'm using the WTForms for user input, which uses a SelectMultipleField in a form. My problem is that, I can't seem to make the app POST all the items in the field when selected. It only sends the first item selected, no matter how many fields the user selects.

The Flask documentation says this about the data sent from this field type, but I don't see this behavior:

The data on the SelectMultipleField is stored as a list of objects, each of which is checked and coerced from the form input.

Here's a complete, minimal Flask app that illustrates this:

#!/usr/bin/env python

from flask import Flask, render_template_string, request
from wtforms import Form, SelectMultipleField

application = app = Flask('wsgi')

class LanguageForm(Form):
    language = SelectMultipleField(u'Programming Language', choices=[('cpp', 'C++'), ('py', 'Python'), ('text', 'Plain Text')])

template_form = """
{% block content %}
<h1>Set Language</h1>

<form method="POST" action="/">
    <div>{{ form.language.label }} {{ form.language(rows=3, multiple=True) }}</div>
    <button type="submit" class="btn">Submit</button>    
</form>
{% endblock %}

"""

completed_template = """
{% block content %}
<h1>Language Selected</h1>

<div>{{ language }}</div>

{% endblock %}

"""

@app.route('/', methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def index():
    form = LanguageForm(request.form)

Aug 22, 2018 in Python by charlie_brown
• 7,710 points

edited Aug 23, 2018 by charlie_brown 1,269 views

1 answer to this question.

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0 votes

Flask returns request.form as a werkzeug MultiDict object. This is kind of like a dictionary, only with traps for the unwary.

http://flask.pocoo.org/docs/api/#flask.requesthttp://werkzeug.pocoo.org/docs/datastructures/#werkzeug.datastructures.MultiDict

MultiDict implements all standard dictionary methods. Internally, it saves all values for a key as a list, but the standard dict access methods will only return the first value for a key. If you want to gain access to the other values, too, you have to use the list methods.

However, I think there's an easier way. Can you do me a favor and try replacing:

language =  request.form['language']

with

language =  form.language.data

and see if that's any different? WTForms should handle the MultiDict object and just return a list for you since you've bound form data to it.

answered Aug 22, 2018 by ariaholic
• 7,320 points

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