How to send chaincode error to the calling application?

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I want to develop an app in which the app makes call to the chaincode and the chaincode returns the transaction status. Now i want this status to be shown on the frontend, on the calling application. How can i do it?
Jul 6, 2018 in Blockchain by slayer
• 29,050 points
210 views

1 answer to this question.

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To pass message all the way to the front end, the chaincode should conform to the following APIs:

// Chaincode interface must be implemented by all chaincodes. The fabric runs
// the transactions by calling these functions as specified.
type Chaincode interface {
    // Init is called during Instantiate transaction after the chaincode container
    // has been established for the first time, allowing the chaincode to
    // initialize its internal data
    Init(stub ChaincodeStubInterface) pb.Response

    // Invoke is called to update or query the ledger in a proposal transaction.
    // Updated state variables are not committed to the ledger until the
    // transaction is committed.
    Invoke(stub ChaincodeStubInterface) pb.Response
}

and the pb.Response is:

// A response with a representation similar to an HTTP response that can
// be used within another message.
type Response struct {
    // A status code that should follow the HTTP status codes.
    Status int32 `protobuf:"varint,1,opt,name=status" json:"status,omitempty"`
    // A message associated with the response code.
    Message string `protobuf:"bytes,2,opt,name=message" json:"message,omitempty"`
    // A payload that can be used to include metadata with this response.
    Payload []byte `protobuf:"bytes,3,opt,name=payload,proto3" json:"payload,omitempty"`
}

You can use shim facade functions to return error and success statuses which is defined in response.go.
Ex: func (t *SimpleChaincode) Invoke(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface) pb.Response {
    fmt.Println("ex02 Invoke")
    function, args := stub.GetFunctionAndParameters()
    if function == "invoke" {
        // Make payment of X units from A to B
        return t.invoke(stub, args)
    } else if function == "delete" {
        // Deletes an entity from its state
        return t.delete(stub, args)
    } else if function == "query" {
        // the old "Query" is now implemtned in invoke
        return t.query(stub, args)
    }

    return shim.Error("Invalid invoke function name. Expecting \"invoke\" \"delete\" \"query\"")
}

This example will return error if you pass wrong parameters to call the chaincode.. Go through, understand things and then implement one of your own..

answered Jul 6, 2018 by digger
• 27,640 points

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