How to create pem files for https web server

0 votes

'm using the Express framework in Node.js to create a web server. I want the transport is based on SSL.

The code to create the https web server is as below.

var app = express.createServer({
  key: fs.readFileSync('./conf/key.pem'),
  cert: fs.readFileSync('./conf/cert.pem')
});
module.exports = app;

How to create the key.pem and cert.pem required by express?

Sep 7, 2020 in Node-js by kartik
• 37,490 points
379 views

1 answer to this question.

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Hello @kartik,

The two files you need are a PEM encoded SSL certificate and private key. PEM encoded certs and keys are Base64 encoded text with start/end delimiters that look like -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- or similar.

To create an SSL certificate you first need to generate a private key and a certificate signing request, or CSR (which also contains your public key).You can do this in a variety of ways, but here's how in OpenSSL.

openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -new -nodes -keyout key.pem -out csr.pem

This will cause you to enter an interactive prompt to generate a 2048-bit RSA private key and a CSR that has all the information you choose to enter at the prompts. (Note: Common Name is where you'll want to put the domain name you'll be using to access your site.) Once you've done this you would normally submit this CSR to a trusted certificate authority and once they've validated your request you would receive a certificate.

If you don't care about your certificate being trusted you can just create a self-signed certificate. To do this, we can use almost the same line, but we'll pass two extra parameters.

openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -new -nodes -x509 -days 3650 -keyout key.pem -out cert.pem

Hope it helps!!!

Thank you!!

answered Sep 7, 2020 by Niroj
• 82,580 points

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