What exactly does the .join() method do?

0 votes

I'm pretty new to Python and am completely confused by .join() which I have read is the preferred method for concatenating strings.

I tried:

strid = repr(595)
print array.array('c', random.sample(string.ascii_letters, 20 - len(strid)))
    .tostring().join(strid)

and got something like:

5wlfgALGbXOahekxSs9wlfgALGbXOahekxSs5

Why does it work like this? Shouldn't the 595 just be automatically appended?

May 30, 2018 in Python by ariaholic
• 7,320 points
13 views

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0 votes

Look carefully at your output:

5wlfgALGbXOahekxSs9wlfgALGbXOahekxSs5
^                 ^                 ^

I've highlighted the "5", "9", "5" of your original string. The Python join() method is a string method, and takes a list of things to join with the string. A simpler example might help explain:

>>> ",".join(["a", "b", "c"])
'a,b,c'

The "," is inserted between each element of the given list. In your case, your "list" is the string representation "595", which is treated as the list ["5", "9", "5"].

It appears that you're looking for + instead:

print array.array('c', random.sample(string.ascii_letters, 20 - len(strid)))
.tostring() + strid
answered May 30, 2018 by charlie_brown
• 7,710 points

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