What is the difference between relative and absolute XPath

0 votes
I was using XPath for locating an element and came to know there are two kinds of XPath. Can someone help me distinguish between them and tell me as which of the two is better for testing purpose?
Dec 19, 2018 in Selenium by Jino
• 5,810 points
28,572 views

3 answers to this question.

+1 vote

Absolute Xpath: It contains the complete path from the Root Element to the desire element.

Relative Xpath: This is more like starting simply by referencing the element you want and go from the particular location.

You use always the Relative Path for testing of an element. The reason behind that is if you make any architectural change in the website the change won't effect the testing or selecting of the element.

Hope this information was what you were looking for.

answered Dec 19, 2018 by Nabarupa
0 votes

Relative - the element is positioned relative to its normal position. Absolute - the element is positioned absolutely to its first positioned parent. Fixed - the element is positioned related to the browser window.

answered Dec 15, 2020 by Roshni
• 10,440 points
0 votes

Absolute XPath:

It is the direct way to find the element, but the disadvantage of the absolute XPath is that if there are any changes made in the path of the element then that XPath gets failed.

The key characteristic of XPath is that it begins with the single forward slash(/) ,which means you can select the element from the root node.

Relative Xpath:

Relative Xpath starts from the middle of HTML DOM structure. It starts with double forward slash (//). It can search elements anywhere on the webpage, means no need to write a long xpath and you can start from the middle of HTML DOM structure. Relative Xpath is always preferred as it is not a complete path from the root element.

answered Dec 15, 2020 by Gitika
• 65,870 points

Related Questions In Selenium

0 votes
1 answer

What is the difference between dot and text() in XPath?

Even though there is some difference between ...READ MORE

answered Apr 25, 2018 in Selenium by king_kenny
• 3,710 points
4,852 views
0 votes
1 answer

What is the primary difference between the XPath and CSS selector?

Hello Ushma, the primary difference between XPath ...READ MORE

answered Jun 23, 2019 in Selenium by Anvi
• 14,150 points
21,158 views
0 votes
1 answer

What is the difference between thoughtworks.selenium and openqa.selenium selenium?

thoughtworks.selenium is the original Selenium (aka Selenium 1, ...READ MORE

answered Apr 13, 2018 in Selenium by king_kenny
• 3,710 points
1,355 views
0 votes
1 answer

What is difference the between Selenium and Celerity?

If you are talking about speed, use Celerity. If ...READ MORE

answered Apr 20, 2018 in Selenium by king_kenny
• 3,710 points
351 views
0 votes
2 answers

Finding WebDriver element with Class Name in java

The better way to handle this element ...READ MORE

answered Apr 10, 2018 in Selenium by nsv999
• 5,520 points
5,099 views
0 votes
2 answers

Problem while using InternetExplorerDriver in Selenium WebDriver

enable trusted connection  in internet explorer by ...READ MORE

answered Aug 31, 2020 in Selenium by Sri
• 3,010 points
5,832 views
0 votes
1 answer

Geo-location microphone camera pop up

To Allow or Block the notification, access using Selenium and you have to ...READ MORE

answered May 11, 2018 in Selenium by Samarpit
• 5,890 points
3,599 views
0 votes
2 answers

How to use such xpath to find web elements

xpath are two types. 1) Absolute XPath:    /html/b ...READ MORE

answered Sep 2, 2020 in Selenium by Sri
• 3,010 points
4,339 views
0 votes
2 answers

What is the difference between / and // in xpath?

/ - Selects from the root node // ...READ MORE

answered May 29, 2019 in Selenium by anonymous
12,815 views
0 votes
1 answer

What is the difference between test scenarios, test cases and test script?

Difference between test scenarios and test cases ...READ MORE

answered Jan 28, 2019 in Selenium by Frankie
• 9,810 points
6,620 views