Copying Objects in Java

0 votes

Consider the code below:

DummyBean dum = new DummyBean();
dum.setDummy("foo");
System.out.println(dum.getDummy()); // prints 'foo'

DummyBean dumtwo = dum;
System.out.println(dumtwo.getDummy()); // prints 'foo'

dum.setDummy("bar");
System.out.println(dumtwo.getDummy()); // prints 'bar' but it should print 'foo'

So, I want to copy the dum to dumtwo and change dum without affecting the dumtwo. But the code above is not doing that. When I change something in dum, the same change is happening in dumtwo also.

I guess, when I say dumtwo = dum, Java copies the reference only. So, is there any way to create a fresh copy of dum and assign it to dumtwo?

Apr 24, 2018 in Java by Daisy
• 8,110 points
133 views

2 answers to this question.

0 votes

Deep Cloning is your answer, which requires implementing the Cloneable interface and overriding the clone() method.

public class DummyBean implements Cloneable {

   private String dummy;

   public void setDummy(String dummy) {
      this.dummy = dummy;
   }

   public String getDummy() {
      return dummy;
   }

   @Override
   public Object clone() throws CloneNotSupportedException {
      DummyBean cloned = (DummyBean)super.clone();
      cloned.setDummy(cloned.getDummy());
      // the above is applicable in case of primitive member types, 
      // however, in case of non primitive types
      // cloned.setNonPrimitiveType(cloned.getNonPrimitiveType().clone());
      return cloned;
   }
}
answered Apr 24, 2018 by Rishabh
• 3,620 points
0 votes
class DummyBean {
  private String dummy;

  public DummyBean(DummyBean another) {
    this.dummy = another.dummy; // you can access  
  }
}

Every object also has a clone method which can be used to copy the object, but don't use it. It is way too easy to create a class and do improper clone method. If you are going to do that, read at least what Joshua Bloch has to say about it in Effective Java.

answered Aug 6, 2018 by Sushmita
• 6,900 points

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