What exactly does stringstream do

0 votes

Since yesterday, I've been attempting to study C++ and I'm using this document: http://www.cplusplus.com/files/tutorial.pdf (page 32). 

I discovered a code in the text and executed it. 

I tried entering a price of Rs 5.5 and a quantity of an integer, but the result was 0. 

I tried typing 5.5 and 6 and got the same result.

// stringstreams
#include <iostream> 
#include <string> 
#include <sstream> 

using namespace std; 

int main () 
{ 
  string mystr; 
  float price = 0; 
  int quantity = 0; 

  cout << "Enter price: "; 
  getline (cin,mystr); 
  stringstream(mystr) >> price; 
  cout << "Enter quantity: "; 
  getline (cin,mystr); 
  stringstream(mystr) >> quantity; 
  cout << "Total price: " << price*quantity << endl; 
  return 0; 
}

What does the mystring command accomplish exactly?

The function, in my opinion, will take an important portion of a string and use it as input.

Jun 13, 2022 in C++ by Nicholas
• 7,760 points
416 views

1 answer to this question.

0 votes

When converting between strings and other numerical kinds, stringstream can be very useful. 

Stringstream is comparable to iostream in terms of usage, so learning it is not difficult.

Stringstreams can be used to read strings as well as write data into them. 

It mostly works with a string buffer instead of an actual I/O channel.

The stringstream class's fundamental member functions are as follows:

str() is a function that returns the contents of a buffer as a string.

str(string), which changes the buffer's contents to the string argument.

Here's an example of how string streams can be used.

ostringstream os;
os << "dec: " << 15 << " hex: " << std::hex << 15 << endl;
cout << os.str() << endl;

The result is dec: 15 hex: f.

istringstream is of more or less the same usage.

answered Jun 13, 2022 by Damon
• 4,960 points

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