How to split a string in Java

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I have with me a string with the numbers, "004-034556", that I want to split this into two separate strings:
 

string1="004"; string2="034556";

Which would state that the first string will contain the characters before '-', and the second string will contain the characters after '-'. I also want to know if the string has '-' in it. If it does not have it included, then I will throw an exception but I need help in knowing how to do this?

Feb 9 in Java by Soham
• 8,730 points
28 views

1 answer to this question.

0 votes

By using the appropriate method, this can be done as shown below:

String#split().
String string = "004-034556"; 
String[] parts = string.split("-"); 
String part1 = parts[0]; // 004 
String part2 = parts[1]; // 034556

After this step, if you wish to split lets say a period/dot . which means "any character" in regex, uses either the backslash \ to escape the individual special character like a split("\\."), or it would be using the character class [] to represent literal character(s) like so split("[.]") to escape the entire string like so:- split(Pattern.quote(".")).

String[] parts = string.split(Pattern.quote(".")); // Split on period.

To test it prior, if the string contains certain character(s), just use String#contains().
 

if (string.contains("-")) { 
    // Split it. 
} else { 
    throw new IllegalArgumentException("String " + string + " does not contain -");
}

Please remember that this will not take an expression that is regular and for that reason, we need to use String#matches() instead. You will have to make use of the positive look around in case you wish to get the split character back in resulting parts. To ensure that the left side is where you want your split character to end up, then commence by using a positive lookbehind prefixing ?<= group on the pattern.
 

String string = "004-034556"; 
String[] parts = string.split("(?<=-)"); 
String part1 = parts[0]; // 004- 
String part2 = parts[1]; // 034556

In case you want to have the split character to end up on the right hand side, then use positive lookahead by prefixing ?= group on the pattern.

String string = "004-034556"; 
String[] parts = string.split("(?=-)"); 
String part1 = parts[0]; // 004 
String part2 = parts[1]; // -034556

If you would want to limit the number of the resulting parts, then you could supply the given desired number as the 2nd argument of the split() method.
 

String string = "004-034556-42"; 
String[] parts = string.split("-", 2); 
String part1 = parts[0]; // 004 
String part2 = parts[1]; // 034556-42
answered Feb 9 by Rahul
• 8,980 points

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