Performing Iteration over each entry in a 'Map'

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If I have an object implementing the Map interface in Java and I wish to iterate over every pair contained within it, what is the most efficient way of going through the map?

Will the ordering of elements depend on the specific map implementation that I have for the interface?
Apr 17, 2018 in Java by parth295
• 4,640 points
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2 answers to this question.

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Typical code for iterating over a map is:

Map<String,Thing> map = ...;
for (Map.Entry<String,Thing> entry : map.entrySet()) {
    String key = entry.getKey();
    Thing thing = entry.getValue();
    ...
}

HashMap is the canonical map implementation and doesn't make guarantees (or though it should not change order if no mutating operation are performed on it). SortedMap will return entries based on the natural ordering of the keys, or a Comparator, if provided. LinkedHashMap will either return entries in insertion-order or access-order depending upon how it has been constructed. EnumMapreturns entries in natural order of keys.

answered Apr 17, 2018 by Daisy
• 8,050 points
0 votes

In Java 8 you can do it clean and fast using the new lambdas features:

 Map<String,String> map = new HashMap<>();
 map.put("SomeKey", "SomeValue");
 map.forEach( (k,v) -> [do something with key and value] );

 // such as
 map.forEach( (k,v) -> System.out.println("Key: " + k + ": Value: " + v));

The type of k and v will be inferred by the compiler and there is no need to use Map.Entryanymore.

answered Oct 24, 2018 by Sushmita
• 6,880 points

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