Python and C++ are the programming languages used for general purpose but both Python and C++ languages differ from each other in many ways. C++ is originated from C language with multiple paradigms and provide the feature of compilation.
Python is a general purpose and one of the high-level programming languages. A variable can be used directly without its declaration while writing code in python.
In C++, a single program needs to get compiled on every operating system on which the code is to be run.
Python provides the ability to ‘write once, run anywhere’ that enables it to run on all the operating systems which have Python installed.
C++ is prone to memory leak as it does not provide garbage collection and uses pointers to a large extent.
Python has inbuilt garbage collection and dynamic memory allocation process that enables efficient memory management.
In C++, the developer needs to declare data type before using it. Therefore, it is less ambiguous regarding what the codes do, and error handling becomes easier than python.
While writing code in Python, a user doesn’t need to mention the type of data before using it, consequently making the length of the code shorter and easier to maintain. For example, in C++, a user must declare int a=5 whereas in Python a=5 is sufficient.
C++ is also called an intermediate-level programming language as it is developed using both low-level and high-level language features. C++ also supports object-oriented functionalities like the concept of classes, operator overloading, multiple inheritances, virtual functions, exception handling etc.