How to override trait function and call it from the overridden function

0 votes

This code doesn't work, and I cannot find a way to call a trait function like it was inherited. I tried calling self::calc($v), static::calc($v), parent::calc($v), A::calc($v) and the following:

trait A {
    function calc($v) {
        return $v+1;
    }
}

class MyClass {
    use A {
        calc as traitcalc;
    }

    function calc($v) {
        $v++;
        return traitcalc($v);
    }
}

Nothing works.

Is there a way to make it work or must I override completely the trait function which is much more complex than this :)

Apr 7, 2020 in PHP by kartik
• 37,530 points
1,318 views

2 answers to this question.

0 votes

Hello,

If the class implements the method directly, it will not use the traits version. Perhaps what you are thinking of is:

trait A {
    function calc($v) {
        return $v+1;
    }
}

class MyClass {
    function calc($v) {
        return $v+2;
    }
}

class MyChildClass extends MyClass{
}

class MyTraitChildClass extends MyClass{
    use A;
}

print (new MyChildClass())->calc(2); // will print 4

print (new MyTraitChildClass())->calc(2); // will print 3

Because the child classes do not implement the method directly, they will first use that of the trait if there otherwise use that of the parent class.

If you want, the trait can use method in the parent class (assuming you know the method would be there) e.g.

trait A {
    function calc($v) {
        return parent::calc($v*3);
    }
}
// .... other code from above
print (new MyTraitChildClass())->calc(2); // will print 8 (2*3 + 2)

You can also provide for ways to override, but still access the trait method as follows:

trait A {
    function trait_calc($v) {
        return $v*3;
    }
}

class MyClass {
    function calc($v) {
        return $v+2;
    }
}


class MyTraitChildClass extends MyClass{
    use A {
      A::trait_calc as calc;
    }
}


class MySecondTraitChildClass extends MyClass{
    use A {
      A::trait_calc as calc;
    }

    public function calc($v) {
      return $this->trait_calc($v)+.5;
    }
}


print (new MyTraitChildClass())->calc(2); // will print 6
echo "\n";
print (new MySecondTraitChildClass())->calc(2); // will print 6.5
answered Apr 7, 2020 by Niroj
• 82,820 points
0 votes

instead of:

   return traitcalc($v);

use this:

  return $this->traitcalc($v);
answered Dec 13, 2020 by Uncle Nick

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