How to replace values with None in Pandas data frame in Python?

0 votes

Is there any method to replace values with None in Pandas in Python?

You can use df.replace('pre', 'post') and can replace a value with another, but this can't be done if you want to replace with None value, which if you try, you get a strange result.

So here's an example:

df = DataFrame(['-',3,2,5,1,-5,-1,'-',9])
df.replace('-', 0)

which returns a successful result.

But,

df.replace('-', None)

which returns a following result:

0
0   - // this isn't replaced
1   3
2   2
3   5
4   1
5  -5
6  -1
7  -1 // this is changed to `-1`...
8   9

Why does such a strange result be returned?

Since I want to pour this data frame into MySQL database, I can't put NaN values into any element in my data frame and instead want to put None. Surely, you can first change '-' to NaN and then convert NaN to None, but I want to know why the dataframe acts in such a terrible way.

Aug 30, 2018 in Python by bug_seeker
• 15,300 points
441 views

1 answer to this question.

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0 votes

Actually in later versions of pandas this will give a TypeError:

df.replace('-', None)
TypeError: If "to_replace" and "value" are both None then regex must be a mapping

You can do it by passing either a list or a dictionary:

In [11]: df.replace('-', df.replace(['-'], [None]) # or .replace('-', {0: None})
Out[11]:
      0
0  None
1     3
2     2
3     5
4     1
5    -5
6    -1
7  None
8     9

But I recommend using NaNs rather than None:

In [12]: df.replace('-', np.nan)
Out[12]:
     0
0  NaN
1    3
2    2
3    5
4    1
5   -5
6   -1
7  NaN
8    9
answered Aug 30, 2018 by Priyaj
• 56,140 points

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