User profiling is the term used for this and is a good practice of keeping the testing and general environment separate.
Yes this is available in chrome aswell.
You can create another profile for your chrome driver to access it.
ChromeOptions option = new ChromeOptions();
option.addArguments("user-data-dri=C:\\Users\\Your path to user\\Roaming\\Google\\Chrome\\User Data");
WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver(option);
Hope this helps.