The total number of files in the file system will be what's specified in the dfs.replication factor. So, if you set dfs.replication=1, then there will be only one copy of the file in the file system.
Check the Apache Documentation for the other configuration parameters.
To ensure high availability of data, Hadoop replicates the data.
When we are storing the files into HDFS, hadoop framework splits the file into set of blocks( 64 MB or 128 MB) and then these blocks will be replicated across the cluster nodes.The configuration dfs.replication is to specify how many replications are required.
The default value for dfs.replication is 3, But this is configurable depends on your cluster setup.