Can we get the HTTP Response Code in Selenium with Java?

+3 votes
I have these Selenium WebDriver tests and I want to check if the HTTP Request returns any HTTP 403 Forbidden. Can I get these HTTP response status code with Selenium WebDriver? Maybe display it in the logger or save to a file?
Apr 20, 2018 in Selenium by kappa3010
• 2,010 points
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+2 votes

It is indeed possible to get http request's response code when using Selenium with either Chrome or Firefox. But the catch is, you have to start them in logging mode. 
You have to tell chromedriver to do "Network.enable". This can be achieved by enabling Performance logging. Let me give you an example.

LoggingPreferences logPrefs = new LoggingPreferences();
logPrefs.enable(LogType.PERFORMANCE, Level.ALL);
cap.setCapability(CapabilityType.LOGGING_PREFS, logPrefs);

Once the request is posted, you have to simply iterate the Perfomance logs and look for "Network.responseReceived" for requested url:

LogEntries logs = driver.manage().logs().get("performance");

Below is my complete code:

public class TestResponseCode
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // simple page (without many resources so that the output is
        // easy to understand
        String url = "http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html";

        DownloadPage(url);
    }

    private static void DownloadPage(String url)
    {
        ChromeDriver driver = null;

        try
        {
            ChromeOptions options = new ChromeOptions();
            // add whatever extensions you need
            // for example I needed one of adding proxy, and one for blocking
            // images
            // options.addExtensions(new File(file, "proxy.zip"));
            // options.addExtensions(new File("extensions",
            // "Block-image_v1.1.crx"));

            DesiredCapabilities cap = DesiredCapabilities.chrome();
            cap.setCapability(ChromeOptions.CAPABILITY, options);

            // set performance logger
            // this sends Network.enable to chromedriver
            LoggingPreferences logPrefs = new LoggingPreferences();
            logPrefs.enable(LogType.PERFORMANCE, Level.ALL);
            cap.setCapability(CapabilityType.LOGGING_PREFS, logPrefs);

            driver = new ChromeDriver(cap);

            // navigate to the page
            System.out.println("Navigate to " + url);
            driver.navigate().to(url);

            // and capture the last recorded url (it may be a redirect, or the
            // original url)
            String currentURL = driver.getCurrentUrl();

            // then ask for all the performance logs from this request
            // one of them will contain the Network.responseReceived method
            // and we shall find the "last recorded url" response
            LogEntries logs = driver.manage().logs().get("performance");

            int status = -1;

            System.out.println("\nList of log entries:\n");

            for (Iterator<LogEntry> it = logs.iterator(); it.hasNext();)
            {
                LogEntry entry = it.next();

                try
                {
                    JSONObject json = new JSONObject(entry.getMessage());

                    System.out.println(json.toString());

                    JSONObject message = json.getJSONObject("message");
                    String method = message.getString("method");

                    if (method != null
                            && "Network.responseReceived".equals(method))
                    {
                        JSONObject params = message.getJSONObject("params");

                        JSONObject response = params.getJSONObject("response");
                        String messageUrl = response.getString("url");

                        if (currentURL.equals(messageUrl))
                        {
                            status = response.getInt("status");

                            System.out.println(
                                    "---------- bingo !!!!!!!!!!!!!! returned response for "
                                            + messageUrl + ": " + status);

                            System.out.println(
                                    "---------- bingo !!!!!!!!!!!!!! headers: "
                                            + response.get("headers"));
                        }
                    }
                } catch (JSONException e)
                {
                    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

            System.out.println("\nstatus code: " + status);
        } finally
        {
            if (driver != null)
            {
                driver.quit();
            }
        }
    }
}

And the log will look something like this:

Navigate to http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html

List of log entries:

    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.frameAttached","params":{"parentFrameId":"172.1","frameId":"172.2"}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.frameStartedLoading","params":{"frameId":"172.2"}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.frameNavigated","params":{"frame":{"securityOrigin":"://","loaderId":"172.1","name":"chromedriver dummy frame","id":"172.2","mimeType":"text/html","parentId":"172.1","url":"about:blank"}}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.frameStoppedLoading","params":{"frameId":"172.2"}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.frameStartedLoading","params":{"frameId":"3928.1"}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Network.requestWillBeSent","params":{"request":{"headers":{"Upgrade-Insecure-Requests":"1","User-Agent":"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.143 Safari/537.36"},"initialPriority":"VeryHigh","method":"GET","mixedContentType":"none","url":"http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html"},"frameId":"3928.1","requestId":"3928.1","documentURL":"http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html","initiator":{"type":"other"},"loaderId":"3928.1","wallTime":1.47619492749007E9,"type":"Document","timestamp":20226.652971}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Network.responseReceived","params":{"frameId":"3928.1","requestId":"3928.1","response":{"headers":{"Accept-Ranges":"bytes","Keep-Alive":"timeout=4, max=100","Cache-Control":"max-age=300","Server":"Apache/2.2.22 (Ubuntu)","Connection":"Keep-Alive","Content-Encoding":"gzip","Vary":"Accept-Encoding","Expires":"Tue, 11 Oct 2016 14:13:47 GMT","Content-Length":"1957","Date":"Tue, 11 Oct 2016 14:08:47 GMT","Content-Type":"text/html"},"connectionReused":false,"timing":{"pushEnd":0,"workerStart":-1,"proxyEnd":-1,"workerReady":-1,"sslEnd":-1,"pushStart":0,"requestTime":20226.65335,"sslStart":-1,"dnsStart":0,"sendEnd":31.6569999995409,"connectEnd":31.4990000006219,"connectStart":0,"sendStart":31.5860000009707,"dnsEnd":0,"receiveHeadersEnd":115.645999998378,"proxyStart":-1},"encodedDataLength":-1,"remotePort":80,"mimeType":"text/html","headersText":"HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\nDate: Tue, 11 Oct 2016 14:08:47 GMT\r\nServer: Apache/2.2.22 (Ubuntu)\r\nAccept-Ranges: bytes\r\nCache-Control: max-age=300\r\nExpires: Tue, 11 Oct 2016 14:13:47 GMT\r\nVary: Accept-Encoding\r\nContent-Encoding: gzip\r\nContent-Length: 1957\r\nKeep-Alive: timeout=4, max=100\r\nConnection: Keep-Alive\r\nContent-Type: text/html\r\n\r\n","securityState":"neutral","requestHeadersText":"GET /teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: www.york.ac.uk\r\nConnection: keep-alive\r\nUpgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1\r\nUser-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.143 Safari/537.36\r\nAccept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8\r\nAccept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, sdch\r\nAccept-Language: en-GB,en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6\r\n\r\n","url":"http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html","protocol":"http/1.1","fromDiskCache":false,"fromServiceWorker":false,"requestHeaders":{"Accept":"text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8","Upgrade-Insecure-Requests":"1","Connection":"keep-alive","User-Agent":"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.143 Safari/537.36","Host":"www.york.ac.uk","Accept-Encoding":"gzip, deflate, sdch","Accept-Language":"en-GB,en-US;q=0.8,en;q=0.6"},"remoteIPAddress":"144.32.128.84","statusText":"OK","connectionId":11,"status":200},"loaderId":"3928.1","type":"Document","timestamp":20226.770012}}}
    ---------- bingo !!!!!!!!!!!!!! returned response for http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html: 200
    ---------- bingo !!!!!!!!!!!!!! headers: {"Accept-Ranges":"bytes","Keep-Alive":"timeout=4, max=100","Cache-Control":"max-age=300","Server":"Apache/2.2.22 (Ubuntu)","Connection":"Keep-Alive","Content-Encoding":"gzip","Vary":"Accept-Encoding","Expires":"Tue, 11 Oct 2016 14:13:47 GMT","Content-Length":"1957","Date":"Tue, 11 Oct 2016 14:08:47 GMT","Content-Type":"text/html"}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Network.dataReceived","params":{"dataLength":2111,"requestId":"3928.1","encodedDataLength":1460,"timestamp":20226.770425}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.frameNavigated","params":{"frame":{"securityOrigin":"http://www.york.ac.uk","loaderId":"3928.1","id":"3928.1","mimeType":"text/html","url":"http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html"}}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Network.dataReceived","params":{"dataLength":1943,"requestId":"3928.1","encodedDataLength":825,"timestamp":20226.782673}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Network.loadingFinished","params":{"requestId":"3928.1","encodedDataLength":2285,"timestamp":20226.770199}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.loadEventFired","params":{"timestamp":20226.799391}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.frameStoppedLoading","params":{"frameId":"3928.1"}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Page.domContentEventFired","params":{"timestamp":20226.845769}}}
    {"webview":"3b8eaedb-bd0f-4baa-938d-4aee4039abfe","message":{"method":"Network.requestWillBeSent","params":{"request":{"headers":{"Referer":"http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html","User-Agent":"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/53.0.2785.143 Safari/537.36"},"initialPriority":"High","method":"GET","mixedContentType":"none","url":"http://www.york.ac.uk/favicon.ico"},"frameId":"3928.1","requestId":"3928.2","documentURL":"http://www.york.ac.uk/teaching/cws/wws/webpage1.html","initiator":{"type":"other"},"loaderId":"3928.1","wallTime":1.47619492768527E9,"type":"Other","timestamp":20226.848174}}}

status code: 200

answered Apr 20, 2018 by king_kenny
• 3,590 points
maybe there is an issue with the Driver instance being loaded for every URL. Can you please share the script? I'll be able to help with that.
The Entire Code:
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriverService;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeOptions;
import org.openqa.selenium.logging.LogEntries;
import org.openqa.selenium.logging.LogEntry;
import org.openqa.selenium.logging.LogType;
import org.openqa.selenium.logging.LoggingPreferences;
import org.openqa.selenium.remote.CapabilityType;
import org.openqa.selenium.remote.DesiredCapabilities;
import org.openqa.selenium.remote.RemoteWebDriver;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.logging.Level;

public class browser {

    private static ChromeDriverService service;
    private static WebDriver driver;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        createAndStartService();
        createDriver();
        String url = "http://test.everesttech.net/amo/rlsa/prd/or1/rlsa10.html";
        DownloadPage(url);
    }

    public static void createAndStartService() {
        service = new ChromeDriverService.Builder()
                .usingDriverExecutable(new File("drivers/chromedriver.exe"))
                .usingAnyFreePort()
                .build();
        try {
            service.start();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static void createDriver() {
        ChromeOptions options = new ChromeOptions();
        options.setHeadless(true);

        LoggingPreferences logPrefs = new LoggingPreferences();
        logPrefs.enable(LogType.PERFORMANCE, Level.ALL);

        DesiredCapabilities cap = DesiredCapabilities.chrome();
        cap.setCapability(ChromeOptions.CAPABILITY, options);
        cap.setCapability(CapabilityType.LOGGING_PREFS, logPrefs);

        driver = new RemoteWebDriver(service.getUrl(), cap);
    }


    private static void DownloadPage(String url) {
        try {
            System.out.println("Navigate to " + url);
            driver.get(url);
            String currentURL = driver.getCurrentUrl();
            LogEntries logs = driver.manage().logs().get("performance");

            for (LogEntry entry : logs) {
                try {
                    JSONObject json = new JSONObject(entry.getMessage());
                    JSONObject message = json.getJSONObject("message");
                    String method = message.getString("method");
                    if ("Network.responseReceived".equals(method)) {
                        JSONObject params = message.getJSONObject("params");
                        JSONObject response = params.getJSONObject("response");
                        String messageUrl = response.getString("url");
                        int status = response.getInt("status");
                        System.out.println("Current URL: " + currentURL + "\tMessage URL: " + messageUrl + "\tStatus: " + status);
                        System.out.println("Message Headers: " + response.get("headers"));
                    }
                } catch (JSONException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        } finally {
            if (driver != null) {
                driver.quit();
            }
        }
    }
}
Perfect! Let me get back to you in sometime.
this doesn't provide network call with a post method
Hey @Nevil Panchal, can you elaborate the error that you are getting.

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