functions in c call by value and call by reference

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The code below shows how to call a function in both methods. 

Please explain the major differences or meanings of call by value and call by reference to me. 

1.Make a value-based call. 

2.Call based on a reference. 

The call by value method is demonstrated in the following code.

In a comment, I expressed my reservations.

#include<iostream>
int main(){
void change(int);//why function prototype is before function definition and what is 
int orig=10;//meaning of argument int, it did not defined any variable of type int
cout<<"The original value is: "<<orig<<"\n";
change(orig);//what is the meaning of this piece of code
cout<<"Value after change() is over:"<<orig<<"\n";
return 0;
};
void change(int orig){
orig=20;
cout<<"Value of orig in function change() is:"<<orig<<"\n";
return;
}

Jun 6 in C++ by Nicholas
• 2,520 points
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