What is the use of the symbol in PHP

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I have seen uses of @ in front of certain functions, like the following:

$fileHandle = @fopen($fileName, $writeAttributes);

What is the use of this symbol?

Apr 9, 2020 in PHP by kartik
• 37,510 points
6,331 views

1 answer to this question.

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Hello @kartik,

The @ symbol is the error control operator ("silence" or "shut-up" operator). 

It makes PHP suppress any error messages (notice, warning, fatal, etc) generated by the associated expression. It works just like a unary operator, for example, it has a precedence and associativity. 

Below are some examples:

@echo 1 / 0;
// generates "Parse error: syntax error, unexpected T_ECHO" since 
// echo is not an expression

echo @(1 / 0);
// suppressed "Warning: Division by zero"

@$i / 0;
// suppressed "Notice: Undefined variable: i"
// displayed "Warning: Division by zero"

@($i / 0);
// suppressed "Notice: Undefined variable: i"
// suppressed "Warning: Division by zero"

$c = @$_POST["a"] + @$_POST["b"];
// suppressed "Notice: Undefined index: a"
// suppressed "Notice: Undefined index: b"

$c = @foobar();
echo "Script was not terminated";
// suppressed "Fatal error: Call to undefined function foobar()"
// however, PHP did not "ignore" the error and terminated the
// script because the error was "fatal"
answered Apr 9, 2020 by Niroj
• 82,800 points

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