How to convert string to char array in Java

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In Java programming, what is the recommended method for converting a String object into an array of char elements? Additionally, what are the various scenarios in which this conversion might be necessary ?
Oct 27, 2023 in Java by Saniya
• 3,320 points
329 views

1 answer to this question.

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In Java, you can convert a `String` to a `char` array using the `toCharArray()` method provided by the `String` class. Here is how you can do it:

1. Using `toCharArray()` Method:

    ```java
    String str = "hello";
    char[] charArray = str.toCharArray();
    // Now charArray contains {'h', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o'}
    ```

2. Using `charAt()` Method in a Loop:

   

 ```java
    String str = "hello";
    char[] charArray = new char[str.length()];
    for(int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {
        charArray[i] = str.charAt(i);
    }
    // Now charArray contains {'h', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o'}
    ```

3. Using Java 8 Streams (For more advanced users):

 If you are familiar with Java 8's Stream API, you can use it to convert a `String` to a `char` array as well.
    

```java
    String str = "hello";
    char[] charArray = str.chars()  // IntStream
                             .mapToObj(c -> (char) c)  // Stream<Character>
                             .collect(Collectors.toList())  // List<Character>
                             .stream()  // Stream<Character>
                             .map(Character::charValue)  // Stream<char>
                             .toArray();  // char[]
    // Now charArray contains {'h', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o'}
    ```

The simplest and most straightforward method among these is using the `toCharArray()` method, but the other methods can be used based on your specific needs or preferences.

answered Nov 2, 2023 by anonymous
• 3,320 points

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