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What is Narrow Artificial Intelligence(Narrow AI) with Examples

Last updated on Jul 16,2024 41 Views

Experienced writer specializing in DevOps and Data Analysis. With a background in... Experienced writer specializing in DevOps and Data Analysis. With a background in technology and a passion for clear communication, I craft insightful content that...

Artificial Narrow Intelligence (also known as Weak AI or Narrow AI) refers to specialized systems that perform particular tasks rather than human-like intelligence.

Narrow AI specializes in autonomous automobile navigation, recommendation systems, and voice assistants, whereas general AI mimics human thinking in many domains.

Due to established guidelines and data patterns, these systems can rapidly detect pictures and interpret words. Hence, Narrow AI systems excel at analyzing data, making decisions, and automating tasks to enhance industrial processes and daily operations. 

Table of Contents

What is Narrow AI?

Narrow AI systems do a specific task or collection of related tasks. As a result, this is also called artificial narrow intelligence or weak artificial intelligence, which refers to specialized AI designed for particular tasks. 

Furthermore, narrow AI focuses on a narrow set of activities, whereas GAI aims to emulate the human brain and do all intellectual tasks. It needs more intellect and flexibility since it follows the rules rather than instincts.

Examples of Narrow AI

Here are some of the best examples of narrow AI

  • Voice assistants: Google Assistant, Alexa, and Siri understand human speech and provide helpful advice because of their cutting-edge technology. Thus this helps in answering queries, telephone, and setting alerts. 
  • Recommendation systems: Spotify, Amazon, and Netflix use recommendation algorithms to reach audiences. After learning the user’s tastes, these algorithms recommend media, items, and music. 
  • Email filtering: Gmail and other services filter emails to arrange your inbox. This method filters trash emails and categorizes them. Hence, avoiding extraneous messages in the main inbox helps users manage their email.
  • Weather forecasting: Analyzing climatic data to anticipate weather is called “weather forecasting, and this method can predict temperature and precipitation using patterns and previous data. 


These highlighted artificial narrow intelligence examples would improve everyday work customization and efficiency.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Narrow AI

Advantages of Narrow AI

  1. Efficiency: Narrow AI systems are advantageous because of their efficiency since they complete their set responsibilities with enthusiasm and precision. As a result, these are two virtual personal assistants that can answer within a few seconds hence they can be used to ask questions such as weather, make a call, or set an alarm. 
  2. Personalization: The systems in Spotify, Amazon, and Netflix recommend music /items ordered or watched with the users’ preferences and prior actions. As a result, these recommendations improve the usage of applications, websites, or stores by offering related movies, music, or items. 
  3. Accuracy: Elaborated methods help with symptoms such as the filter like Gmail in the identification of emails. Because of this clear distribution, the email may be sorted to remove unnecessary correspondence and important topics from its tabletops.  
  4. Predictive Capabilities: A narrow sense of AI is required in weather forecast applications in which meteorological data such as temperature, and atmospheric conditions. Thus, by offering the right predictions of the extreme climate that helps people and firms prepare themselves for the impending harsh weather, such technologies help to make rational decisions. 

 Disadvantages of Narrow AI 

  1. Limited Scope: Narrow AI systems limit the abilities to learn and adapt within them to specified tasks that they perform. However, non-generalizers must be re-trained again, or at least taught how to solve new problems. The limitation is that they can as well only do what they are told to do. 
  2. Lack of Understanding: They use the rules and stats but don’t get nuance and meaning. Thus, AI systems are not programmed to understand sarcasm, they are likely to mark sarcastic content wrong. 
  3. Privacy Concerns: Personal assistants, recommendation systems, and voice recognition are some of the main uses of Narrow AI. This is rather problematic, particularly, following privacy for all. As a result, user privacy is an issue of particular interest because this mechanism involves logging and analyzing the user’s behavior and preferences. 

Narrow AI vs. general AI, weak AI vs. strong AI

Narrow AI vs. General AI

Here, we will compare Narrow AI and General AI:

Narrow AI

  • Specific Tasks: Narrow AI, often called Weak artificial intelligence, performs one or a few tasks. Siri, email screening, and Netflix recommendation algorithms are examples.
  • Specialized Expertise: It excels in its sphere but struggles elsewhere. Voice assistants can set alarms, but they can’t do much else.
  • High Efficiency: Narrow AI thrives at its strengths in doing jobs quickly and accurately. It swiftly analyses enormous data sets and produces accurate results. 

General AI

  • Broad Capabilities: Artificial general intelligence (AGI), sometimes known as strong AI, can comprehend, learn, and do every cognitive activity a person can. Hence, practice makes it possible to apply information and skills to other domains.
  • Human-Like Flexibility: General artificial intelligence with human-like flexibility can adapt to new conditions and jobs without retraining. However, this can think, reason, and solve problems like humans.
  • Still Theoretical: Broad AI research is continuing. Therefore, the field is primarily theoretical. No AI systems have ultimately illustrated general AI’s potential yet. 

Weak AI vs. Strong AI

Here, we will compare strong artificial intelligence and weak artificial intelligence:

Weak AI

  • Task-Specific: Narrow AI or weak AI does well in speech-to-voice recognition, language translation as well as categorization of pictures.
  • Rules-Based Operation: It follows procedures for the operations that it performs for its tasks. As a result, Weak AI systems, progress systematically about the problems in their particular domains.
  • Practical Applications: The real-world examples and usage of weak AI are – virtual personal assistants, customer service bots, self-driving cars, and tech-based diagnostic tools for diseases.

Strong AI

  • Human-Like Intelligence: Do you know?: As with Broad AI, Strong AI replicates the human mind; thereby making it capable of doing all the cognitive tasks humans can. It intends to explore many things, to gain insights into different cases.
  • Adaptive and Learning: Super intelligent systems of AI might acquire, minimize, and adapt to newer information and mistakes. As a result, it evolves as in human cognition.
  • Potential for Consciousness: A super-intelligence would have the attributes of consciousness. As a result, it would be able to think, reason and even interact with the world around it like people do.


Best Practices for Narrow AI Development

  1. Data Quality Assurance

Data Quality Assurance uses rigorous validation and verification to ensure AI dataset quality, completeness, and dependability. Purifying datasets helps businesses eliminate bias and ensure AI models appropriately reflect real-world circumstances. As a result, this method improves AI system accuracy and effectiveness, improving predictions and insights. Hence, by employing varied datasets, AI systems can enhance their decision-making and results, making them more generalizable and effective in numerous scenarios.

  1. Ethical guidelines

AI development guidelines should prioritize user privacy, justice, and social benefit. It entails protecting people’s rights, eliminating discrimination, and ensuring AI systems benefit society throughout development and implementation. However, this includes considering the social impacts of AI use, creating fair algorithms that don’t propagate prejudices, and employing transparent data processing. As a result, Ethical behavior, responsible innovation, user trust, and AI risk reduction are essential.

  1. Human-Centric Design

The human-centric design emphasizes user behaviors, wants, and preferences to produce AI solutions that improve user experiences. Organizations can guarantee their AI solutions are accessible, user-friendly, and customized by prioritizing user-centric AI development. Hence, this approach requires user input, usability testing, and design iteration based on user insights.  

  1. Continuous Evaluation

Continuous evaluation involves inspecting raw data to find AI datasets and model constraints. Organizations can maintain AI system efficiency and accuracy by reviewing them often. This technique lets them spot data or model errors, biases, and flaws and remedy them. As a result, continuous assessment is necessary to maintain AI application dependability and performance. 

Applications of Narrow Weak AI

  • Natural Language Processing (NLP)

Natural Language Processing (NLP) uses AI to understand and create human language. Language translation services and chatbots use NLP to interpret and reply to voice or text inputs, improving customer service and cross-language communication.

  • Image and Speech Recognition

Narrow AI propels more refined speech and picture-recognizing technologies. As a result, this technique enhances STT, AVA, and FR platforms, such as speech-to-text, self-driving cars, and face recognition software.

  • Medical Diagnostics

The diagnostic instruments also enable clinicians to analyze patient details and get impressions from investigations, for instance, X-rays or MRIs, utilizing AI. These tools can analyze trends and anomalies that affect human beings; this can help physicians in diagnosing these issues. Hence, this enhances the accuracy of healthcare operations as well as their effectiveness.

  • Financial Services

Loans, credit unions, banks, and investment funds employ artificial narrow intelligence for various purposes including fraud monitoring and prevention, chatbot generation, and high-frequency trading. Thus, artificial intelligence systems can scan real-time financial data, see potential opportunities, and suggest an action plan.

  • Customer Service Chatbots

Artificial narrow intelligence is at the helm of chatbots, which many firms have deployed on their Websites and other customer service interfaces. Self-sufficiency; AI chatbots can help by providing frequently asked questions, first-level tier support, and product information.  

Future of Narrow AI

There is still a bright future for artificial narrow intelligence (ANI) as it starts pushing itself to achieve the goals set in the various tasks assigned to it. As pointed out, due to advanced technology shortly, ANI will merge with lives in various aspects as the foundation of many sophisticated software in various industries.

These developments could help ANI decision-making by requiring less input while learning in various scenarios. ANI could give better financial projections, safer autonomous cars, and quicker medical diagnostics. Natural language processing advancements might make virtual assistants more responsive and user-friendly, changing people’s technological interactions. 

Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI) can evolve to improve customization, efficiency, and productivity in many sectors. 


In healthcare diagnostics, autonomous cars, and tailored recommendations, narrow artificial intelligence is changing human-technology interaction. Many industries will benefit from enhanced decision-making, safety, and production. 

Researchers and developers must ensure that these systems operate ethically and transparently as they continue enhancing them.

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Is ChatGPT a narrow AI? 

ChatGPT is a restricted AI since it learns to answer inquiries and join conversations using text, training patterns, and data.  

What is wide AI vs narrow AI? 

Artificial general intelligence (AGI) or broad AI aims to construct robots that can learn and solve issues in environments like humans, with human-level learning and adaptability. Narrow AI performs voice recognition and picture classification within predefined limits.

What is narrow AI also known as? 
Narrow AI is also known as weak artificial intelligence. It is designed to excel in performing particular tasks with precision and efficiency based on pre-established rules and data patterns.

Where is narrow AI used?

Narrow artificial intelligence is used in voice assistants like Alexa and Siri, recommendation systems like Spotify and Netflix, driverless cars, and medical diagnostics. 

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What is Narrow Artificial Intelligence(Narrow AI) with Examples