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MERN Stack Technology is one of the most important and latest technology stack that developers and programmers use today to build high end applications and websites. In this blog we are going to learn about MERN Stack, its benefits and why today developers require MERN Stack Technologies.
Before we learn about MERN stack first let us have an overview of what a Technology stack is.
What is Technology Stack
Technology Stack, also termed as “Solution Stack ”, is a combination of technologies that are widely used for developing softwares and applications. A technology stack is a collection of Frameworks, Databases, programming languages, API’s and both Front-end and Back-end tools.
Here are a few examples of Technology stack that are most commonly used by developers in building fully functional applications.
Here we are going to learn about MERN Stack Technology.
What is MERN STACK?
MERN Stack is a technology stack that allows you to build real-time and interactive web applications and softwares. The technology stack is flexible and is scalable that is simple for developers and easy for people using these apps.
MongoDB: Cross Platform Document Oriented Database
MongoDB is derived from the word “Humongous” meaning enormous. MongoDB is a Document-Oriented database which stores huge data in a J-SON like format which contributes in scaling and building well defined applications and softwares at ease.
MongoDB uses No-SQL Database which is an alternative to traditional databases which enables developers to build schemas, database and tables
Benefits of using MongoDB in full stack web development
Express.Js: Backend Framework
Benefits of using Express.Js
React.Js: Frontend Library
Benefits of using React.Js in Front end Web Development
Benefits of using Node.Js
How MERN STACK works
To understand things in a better way let’s categorize MERN Stack into three segments, the frontend, backend and and the database. The diagram below shows how each segment collaboratively work,
If you look into the diagram, React,js works on building the frontend of the web application,the User Interface (UI) aspect, whereas MongoDB, Node,Js and Express.Js works on the backend, the server side and the database management of the web application.
Building Frontend with MERN Stack
Building Backend with MERN Stack
Node.Js and Express.Js and MongoDB are used in developing the backend of the web application.Express.Js is a server side framework which runs inside Node.Js which helps in routing the URL and also handles the HTTPS requests and responses.MongoDB is a database management system which helps Node.Js to get connected to the database and work on the data.
Why Use MERN Stack?
Unlike other technology stacks, you can use MERN Stack technology to build any application especially when the application you build requires dynamic User interfaces (UI),as MERN Stack is cloud native and JSON related which helps in the workflow management and build social products,
To know in depth on the use of MERN Stack technology, you can join the Full Stack Web Development Internship program by Edureka.