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A website is basically a collection of various webpages that are all related to each other and can be accessed by visiting a homepage. It is composed of several elements and it is important to take care of each of them during the setup. This Web Development Tutorial will provide you a complete guideline about building a website and the skills required in the following sequence:
Web development is basically the tasks associated with developing websites for hosting via intranet or internet. The web development process involves web design, web content development, client-side/server-side scripting and network security configuration.
A website can either be a simple one-page site, or it could be an incredibly complex web application. When you view your website on the web in a browser, it is because of all the processes involved in web development.
Websites act as a bridge between one who wants to share information and those who want to consume it. It helps you reach out to potential clients at a global stage. There are various reasons that show the importance of a website:
Websites are a bunch of files stored on computers called servers. The Servers are computers that are used to host websites and store the website files. These servers are connected to the giant network called the World Wide Web.
Browsers are programs that you run on your computer. They load the website files via your internet connection. Now, there are 3 main components that make up every website:
HTML – HyperText Markup Language(HTML) is the foundation of all websites. It’s the main file type that is loaded in your browser when you look at a website. This scripting language is used to structure the different parts of our content and define what their meaning or purpose is.
CSS – Cascading Style Sheets(CSS) is used for styling the HTML elements. It provides 1000s of styling functions which are used to style the HTML elements defined by us. It is the language that we use to style and layout our web content.
It is important to make sure that web applications download fast and are responsive to user interaction, regardless of a users bandwidth, screen size, network, or device capabilities.
The intermediate Front End Skills include:
Responsive Design – We use different gadgets like computers, phones, and tablets to look at web pages. The web pages adjust themselves to the device you’re using without any extra effort from your end. This is due to the responsive design. One major role of a front end developer is to understand the responsive design principles and how to implement them on the coding side. It is an intrinsic part of CSS frameworks like the Bootstrap. These skills are all interconnected and so as you learn one you’ll often be making progress in the others at the same time.
Version Control/Git – Version control is the process of tracking and controlling changes to your source code so that you don’t have to start from the beginning if anything goes wrong. It is a tool that is used to track the changes made previously so that you can go back to a previous version of your work and find out what went wrong without tearing the whole thing down.
Frameworks have their strengths and weaknesses which makes it important to choose the best framework for the type of website you’re building. For example, some JS frameworks are great for building complex user interfaces, while others excel at displaying all of your site’s content.
Some of the popular frameworks are:
The back-end layer forms a dynamic connection between the front-end and the database. To get this layer working it’s important to know at least one of the programming languages such as Python, Java, PHP, Ruby, etc and knowledge of server-side frameworks such as NodeJS is mandatory.
Python is an open-source, object-oriented programming language that was released in 1991 and ever since it has become one of the favorite languages of most software and web developers.
Java is an open-source, high-level programming language which was released by Sun Microsystems in 1996. It follows the Write Once Run Anywhere (WORA) approach that makes it compatible to run on any platform.
PHP is an open-source, server-side scripting language used to develop the back-end logic of an application. It is a powerful tool for making dynamic and interactive websites.
The data layer is a massive warehouse of information. It contains a database repository which captures and stores information from the front-end, through the back-end. A prerequisite is to have knowledge of how data is stored, edited, retrieved, etc. An understanding of Databases such as MySQL, MongoDB is a must.
MySQL is an open-source, Relational Database Management System that provides multi-user access and supports multi storage engines.
MongoDB is known for its ease of use and its quickness in handling a large amount of data. It is an open-source, object-oriented, NoSQL database which is highly scalable and is efficient in handling unstructured data.
Servers are basically computers that store website files and other resources like databases.
To make a website accessible publicly on the internet, it needs to be installed on a server. Once you have your domain name and server space, it’s time to set up the site on the server. The first thing is to direct the domain name to the server’s unique IP address. Then you need to set up website files and finally the database and other configurations.
To get files from your own computer up to your server, you need a protocol. This is basically a method of transporting files or other data to and from a server.
The deployment tool stores your FTP/SFTP settings, and when a change is pushed in Git to the master branch, the tool will transfer the files for you. So, there is no need to remember which files you changed, reducing the number of mistakes you make.
So these are some of the important guidelines and skills that you need for web development. With this, we have come to the end of our web development tutorial. I hope you understood the different aspects of website development and the different skills you need to learn.
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