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A core element of agile software development is making the users and customers the focus and user stories contribute to doing exactly that. They put the end-users at the center of the conversation. In, this article let’s discuss of a user story in agile.
Stories make the use of non-technical language in order to provide conditions for the development team and their efforts. The user story helps the team to understand their own goal, why they are building it. Also what they are building and the value that it creates at the end and along the way. Thus, user stories are one of the vital components of an agile program. They facilitate creativity, progress, and a better end product by giving the team a user-focused framework for their daily tasks. All agile stories focus on the requirements and help to create conversations through one or two sentences about the desired functionality.
The topics discussed in this article are:
User stories are simple and short descriptions of a feature by a user or customer of the system. They follow a common template:
As a <type of user>, I want <some goal> so that <some reason>.
Let’s get to know more about user stories.
Both Scrum and Kanban use user stories in their frameworks. In Scrum, user stories are an addition to sprints and are used over the course of the sprint. In KanBan, teams add the user stories into their backlog and use them through their workflow. Thus they help in the better estimation, sprint planning, better accuracy at forecasting and greater agility in the Scrum team. On the other hand, KanBan teams can deal better with work in progress and improve their workflows through user stories.
Larger agile frameworks like epics and initiatives constitute of user stories. Epics are larger workpieces that are broken down into many stories and initiatives comprise of many epics.
There are two ways of adding details to user stories:
A condition of satisfaction refers to a high-level acceptance test that renders itself true once the agile user story is completed.
There is no set rule regarding who can write the user stories. The product owner has to ensure that the product backlog of user stories is in place but he does not necessarily have to write them. Ideally, a good agile project will have user stories written by each team member and more importance would be given to the team members being equally involved in the discussions after writing the user stories.
User stories are conceived throughout the agile project. A story writing workshop is usually conducted at the beginning of the agile project so that every team member can participate and potentially help to create a product backlog describing the desired functionality and end goal which can then be added to the project. Some of the user stories will end up turning into epics. In addition, these epics will later be broken down into multiple smaller stories which will fit better into an iteration. New stories can also be added from time to time to the product backlog according to requirements.
A User Story in Agile can seem like an additional step in the agile framework process but they provide important and valuable insight to the team and enlighten the tea about the value that their tasks bring to the project. User stories provide a number of benefits and advantages:
User stories throw light on the day to day workings of the development team as well as explain the processes followed by the team every day. The best way to exploit them in your project to uncover its benefits is to understand their role and contribution to the team’s work and delivery.
That’s it, folks! With this, we have reached the end of the ‘User Story in Agile’ article. You could also take a look at Scrum Master Interview Questions while you’re at it.
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