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Hello everyone, your digital life must be protected from the ever-changing cyber threat scenario. The more we use the internet for everything from personal relationships to business dealings, the more we need to be careful about what information about ourselves we share online. In this blog I will be telling you about Top 10 ways to protect your system from Malware attacks. I will be covering topics like:
Malware, short for “malicious software,” is a general term used to describe a variety of harmful or intrusive software programs created with the intent to compromise the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of information, render services unusable, or gain unauthorized access to computer systems. Malware can range from annoying adware that inundates you with pop-up ads to devastating ransomware that locks up your files until you pay a ransom.
Malware has evolved from computer viruses to state-sponsored cyberattacks. Malicious software designed to harm, exploit, or compromise computers and networks is called “malware”. The early 1970s “Creeper” virus, an experimental program that displayed a message but did not hurt, was the first malware. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, malware like the “Morris Worm” and “Melissa” virus became popular. Early forms propagated via floppy disks and email attachments, taking advantage of human curiosity and inexperience.
Malware became more complicated and widespread as the internet grew. The early 2000s saw the rise of worms like “Blaster” and “Sasser,” which infected millions of PCs via Windows OS vulnerabilities. At the same time, “Mydoom” became the fastest-spreading email worm. In the late 2000s and 2010s, broad, disruptive attacks gave way to focused, financially motivated vulnerabilities. “Conficker,” a 2008 worm, could remotely control a botnet of hacked machines. This period also witnessed the rise of ransomware assaults like “CryptoLocker,” which encrypts files and demands payment.
State-sponsored malware like “Stuxnet,” which targeted Iranian nuclear facilities, and “Flame,” a cyber-espionage tool, showed countries’ growing cyberwarfare involvement. Meanwhile, spyware like “Mirai” used IoT devices to execute large DDoS attacks. Mobile malware was created to steal data or offer annoying advertisements as cellphones became more popular. Cybercriminals discovered “banking Trojans” and “cryptojacking” malware that secretly mines cryptocurrency.
More complex malware uses AI and machine learning to avoid detection. New threats develop periodically in this threat landscape. Continuous cybersecurity updates and enhancements are needed to counter malware. Malware history reflects technology, geopolitics, and social norms. This sobering tale reminds us to stay attentive and proactive in digital security.
While understanding the concepts of Cyber security threats and its types for this blog, I went through this amazing video telling me about types of cyber security threats and prevention. Don’t forget to watch it.
It encrypts files and demands a ransom to decrypt them. It is one of the most financially harmful forms of cybercrime, as it affects individuals, corporations, and governments.
It runs in memory rather than on the hard drive. Fileless malware uses built-in tools like PowerShell or Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) to run malicious commands or scripts from memory.
Spyware stealthily monitors and collects data from a computer or network without permission. Spyware threatens user privacy rather than computer or data damage, unlike viruses and worms. Spyware can record keystrokes, internet history, emails, user IDs, passwords, and financial data.Free software may include malware as a “feature.”
Adware, short for advertising-supported software, automatically shows or downloads pop-up ads or banners while a user is online or using the software. Adware is sometimes included with free software or services to generate cash for producers. Some adware is harmless, offering free software in exchange for advertisements, but not all is created equal.
Trojans, or Trojan horses, are malware that masquerades as legitimate or harmless to fool people into installing it. Trojans spread through deception, unlike viruses and worms. After installation, they can do malicious operations without the user’s knowledge.
Worms self-replicate and spread to other computers without human intervention. Worms are independent programs, unlike viruses, which attach to files. To spread, they exploit security weaknesses or utilize social engineering. Key elements of computer worms:
Anti-virus and anti-spyware software applications are designed to conduct thorough examinations of computer files with the purpose of detecting and eliminating malicious software, commonly referred to as malware. Ensure that you:
Now we will see, how to prevent malware attacks in the following ways:
1. Keep Your Operating System and Software Updated
2. Use reputable antivirus and Antimalware Software
3. Be Cautious with Email Attachments and Links
4. Use Strong, Unique Passwords
5. Secure Your Network
6. Be Wary of Social Engineering Attacks
7. Disable Auto-Run Features for Removable Media
8. Limit User Privileges
9. Backup Your Data Regularly
10. Stay Informed and Educated
By doing these tips and maintaining a proactive approach to security, you can significantly reduce the risk of falling victim to malware.
Following the 10 security tips outlined in this blog will lay a strong foundation for malware prevention. Remember, however, that cybersecurity is not a set-and-forget endeavor. It requires ongoing effort and attention to adapt to new types of malware and hacking techniques. Be proactive, be informed, and be secure. Thank you for taking the time to read this blog. Your digital security matters, not just to you but to everyone you interact with. Make it a priority—today and every day. We have the best solution waiting for you, as this course will definitely be of great use regarding cyber security attacks. For more interesting blogs, don’t forget to check out our Edureka website. Happy Learning!
|Cyber Security Course|
Class Starts on 21st October,2023
21st OctoberSAT&SUN (Weekend Batch)