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Talent Management: Models and Key Fundamentals

Published on Nov 30,2022 1.7K Views

To manage talent, you first must understand what talent management is. While it may seem straightforward, a lot goes into talent management. At its core, talent management attracts, develops, and retains employees with the necessary skills and abilities to help an organisation achieve its business goals. This blog post will explore some different models and critical fundamentals of talent management. By the end, you should better understand what it takes to manage talent effectively.


Talent management is identifying, developing, and retaining employees with potential high performers. The goal is to ensure that your organisation has the most skilled people in the right roles. That comes with good planning. 

There are several different models and approaches to talent management. But there are some key fundamentals that all successful talent management planning. Check out some of these critical elements:

Define what success is: The first step is to identify what success looks like for your organisation. What skills and competencies do your high performers possess? What motivates them? What makes them stay with your company? Once you clearly understand what success looks like, you can start to identify and attract candidates with those same qualities.

Build a strong employer brand: A strong employer brand will help you attract top talent. Candidates should know how to work for your company and what makes it unique. They must have a better understanding of your company’s culture and values.

Attracting Employees

It is not enough to simply have open positions – you need to pursue top talent to fill them actively. The most competent way to do this is through a talent management strategy. By understanding the different types of talent and what motivates them, you can create a plan to attract the best employees to your organisation.

There are four main types of talent: 

  • Functional or technical experts who have in-depth knowledge of their field
  • Strategic thinkers who can see the big picture and make long-term plans
  • Entrepreneurial types who are always looking for new opportunities
  • People-oriented individuals who are good at building relationships and motivating other

Each type of talent brings something different to the table, so it’s essential to identify which type(s) you need for each position. Once you’ve done that, you can start thinking about attracting them. Here are a few ideas:

  • For functional or technical experts, highlight the challenges they will face in the role and the opportunity to learn new things. Be sure also to emphasise your organisation’s commitment to professional development.
  • Strategic thinkers will be interested in the impact they can have on the organisation as a whole. Talk about your company’s vision and how it can help shape its future direction.
  • Fast-paced environments and opportunities for growth often attract entrepreneurial types. Describe your company culture and highlight any recent successes or expansion plans.

Also Read: Strategic Workforce Planning: Steps and Process


Recruitment is a critical step in talent management, and organisations can take several different models and approaches. One key consideration is whether to use internal or external recruiting sources. Internal sourcing can be more cost-effective and help develop a pipeline of qualified candidates, but it can also be more time-consuming. External sourcing can help to broaden the pool of potential candidates, but it can also be more expensive.

There are several Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) available that can help to automate and streamline the recruitment process. However, it is essential to consider the needs of your organisation and ensure that the ATS you select will meet those needs. Another critical consideration is the right and potential usage of technology in the recruitment process.

Finally, it is essential to clearly understand the skills and competencies required for the positions you are looking to fill. It will ensure that you can identify qualified candidates during the recruitment process.

Talent Development

The talent development field has recently seen a surge in new models and approaches. As organisations strive to identify and develop great leaders for the future, they are exploring a wide range of options. The most effective talent development programs share a few key fundamentals:

The most effective talent development programs share a few key fundamentals

  1. A focus on long-term success: Talent development is not a quick fix; it requires a long-term commitment from both the organisation and the individual employees.
  2. A focus on critical skills and competencies: The best talent development programs identify the key skills and competencies needed for success in the organisation and then provide employees with opportunities to develop those skills.
  3. A focus on individualised learning: One size does not fit all in learning and development. The best programs customise learning experiences to meet the needs of each employee.
  4. A focus on career growth: Talent development should be linked to an employee’s career goals and aspirations. By providing employees with opportunities to develop their skills and knowledge, organisations can help them progress along their career path.
  5. A commitment to continuous improvement: The best talent development programs always evolve, incorporating new ideas and approaches based on employee feedback and business environment changes.


Retention is one of the key fundamentals of talent management. The Society for Human Resource Management stated that the average cost of employee resignation is $4,129. Therefore, organisations need to have a solid retention strategy in place.

There are many different models that organisations can use to improve retention. One popular model is the 70:20:10 model, defining that 70% of learning comes from on-the-job experiences, 20% from interactions with others, and 10% from formal learning opportunities. By using this model, organisations can create a more holistic approach to talent management and development.

Another key retention strategy is regular communication with employees. This includes both positive and constructive feedback. Employees who feel like they are being valued and supported are more likely to stay with an organisation. Furthermore, regular communication can help identify potential issues early on before they become more significant problems.

Finally, offering competitive benefits and compensation packages can also help with retention. Organisations that invest in their employees’ well-being are more likely to retain them long-term.

Also Read: What is Stakeholder Engagement? Importance, Planning and Implementation


Transitioning can be a complicated process for both the employee and the employer. It is imperative to have an evident understanding of the goals and objectives of the transition and a plan for how to best support the employee during this time. Certain things must be kept in mind when transitioning an employee:

  1. Communication is key – Open communication between the employer and employee will help ensure that everyone is on track and there are no surprises.
  2. Be patient – It is crucial to give time to people in adjusting to change, so be patient with your employees as they make this transition.
  3. Support their development – provide resources and opportunities for your employees to continue developing their skills during this transition period.

Traditional Talent Management Model Vs Modern Talent Management Model

The traditional talent management model focuses on hiring the best candidates and developing their skills to meet the organisation’s needs. It is based on the hypothesis that organisations have a limited talent pool and need to identify, attract, and retain the best employees. The modern talent management model takes a more holistic approach to managing talent. It recognises that organisations are composed of many people with different skills, experiences, and perspectives.

The modern talent management model emphasises building a diverse workforce and creating an environment where all employees can contribute to the organisation’s success. This model recognises that each employee has something to offer and that organisations can achieve greater success by tapping into this collective intelligence. The modern talent management model also focuses on career development and succession planning. It ensures that employees have opportunities to grow and develop within the organisation and that a plan is in place for continuity in case of turnover.

What is A Good Talent Management Strategy?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to what makes a good talent management strategy. However, there are certain key fundamentals that all successful strategies share:

  1. They are built on a clear knowledge of the business and its goals.
  2. They identify the specific skills and competencies required to achieve these goals.
  3. They attract, develop and retain the best talent by offering challenging and rewarding opportunities.
  4. They provide ongoing support and feedback to ensure employees remain engaged and motivated.

By following these principles, organisations can create bespoke talent management strategies that maximise the potential of their people.

Importance of Talent Management For Company

Talent management has always been important for companies, but it has become even more critical in recent years. The reason is simple: as the global economy has become more competitive, the war for talent has intensified. Companies that can identify, attract, and retain the best talent will be the ones that succeed in today’s marketplace.

Talent management is a strategic process that helps companies identify, develop, and keep the best employees. It encompasses everything from recruiting and hiring to training and development, performance supervision, and succession planning. In short, it’s all about ensuring that your company has hired the best talents in the right jobs at the right time.

There are several different talent management models, but all of them share some common elements. These include:

Identifying high-potential employees: This is often done through a combination of assessment tools such as aptitude tests and personality assessments, as well as through more subjective measures such as supervisor input and 360-degree feedback.

Developing these employees: Once high-potential employees have been identified, they must invest in their development to reach their full potential. This can be done through training programs, mentoring relationships, and stretch assignments.

Retaining these employees: Even if you do a great job of identifying and developing top talent, it will only matter if you can keep them on board. 

Examples of Talent Management

There are several different talent management models that organisations can use to identify and develop talent within their workforce. Some of the most popular talent management models include:

Most popular talent management models include

  1. The 9-Box Model: The 9-Box Model of talent management is a tool that can be used to help organisations identify and develop the top performers within their ranks. The model consists of nine boxes, each representing a different level of performance. The top performers are those who score high in all nine boxes. Those who score lower in one or more boxes are considered to have the potential for improvement. The 9-Box Model can assess an individual’s current performance and potential and identify development needs. It can be used as a conduit for making decisions about promotion, succession planning, and other talent management initiatives.
  2. The Succession Planning Process: A succession planning process is a system used to identify and develop internal candidates with the potential to fill pivotal leadership positions in an organisation. The goal of succession planning has always been to ensure that the organisation has a pipeline of talent ready to take leadership roles as they become available. 
  3. The Competency Model: It is a tool organisations can use to identify the key competencies needed for success in specific roles. The Competency Model for talent management can help organisations better understand the capabilities required to achieve their business goals. The model can also be used to assess individuals’ skills and abilities and develop training and development plans.

Each of these models has its strengths and weaknesses, and there is no one-size-fits-all solution for managing talent. However, understanding the key fundamentals of talent management is essential for any organisation that wants to attract, retain, and develop the best possible employees.


Talent management is a process that every business should consider to attract and retain top talent. By understanding the different models and key fundamentals of talent management, companies can create a plan that works best for them and their employees. Implementing even just a few of these strategies can significantly impact your business and help you attract and keep the best talent.

Want to know how talent management works? Check out our Post Graduate Certificate in Human Resource Management – a gateway towards a successful career in HR management. 


More Information:

Top 16 Qualities Of HR Manager You Must Know

Salary Negotiation With HR: Tips To Succeed

A Guide To HR Recruiter Roles And Responsibilities

Top 21 Characteristics Of Human Resource Management Professional

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Talent Management: Models and Key Fundamentals