ReactJS vs React Native – Key Differences – Edureka

Last updated on Jun 07,2024 418 Views


ReactJS and React Native are two well-liked UI development frameworks. Web-based interfaces should use ReactJS, whereas native mobile apps should use React Native. The fundamental distinctions between the two will be covered in this ReactJS vs React native blog, along with their features, advantages, restrictions, performance, scalability, and more. Understanding the fundamental distinctions between ReactJS and React Native can help you make wise selections for your upcoming UI project.

ReactJS vs React Native

 

Contents:

This “ReactJS vs React Native” blog’s goal is to give readers a thorough comparison of the two development frameworks. The blog intends to educate readers on the fundamental distinctions and overlaps between React JS vsReact Native, as well as the use cases, restrictions, and considerations for each technology.

For programmers, product managers, and anybody else interested in utilizing JavaScript to create user interfaces, the blog can be a useful resource. It can assist readers in comprehending the benefits and drawbacks of each technology andselectingt the best tool for their particular use case.

Additionally, the blog can offer information about the market and employment prospects at the moment as well as best practices and pointers for creating productive applications utilizing either React JS or React Native. The blog’s overall goal is to enlighten readers about the two technologies, assist them in making informed decisions, and provide them with information.

Check out Edureka’s React JS course with a certificate, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 250,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. 

Overview of the main differences between React JS vs React Native

The following table provides a more comprehensive comparison between React JS vs React Native, highlighting the key differences between the two technologies.

 

FeatureReact JSReact Native
PurposeBuilding web-based user interfacesBuilding native mobile applications
PerformanceLimited by web browserNative performance
Development EnvironmentBrowser, text editor, and web serverDevelopment environment (Xcode or Android Studio) and mobile emulator or physical device
User InterfaceWeb components with inconsistent look across different web browsersConsistent native look and feel across all devices
Access to Native FeaturesLimitedDirect access to native features (camera, GPS, accelerometer, etc.)
Community and ResourcesStrong web development communityGrowing mobile development community

What is React JS?

reactjs logo reactjs vs react native

React JS is the name of a JavaScript user interface creation open-source library. Thanks to Facebook, it was developed and is today utilised by numerous companies and independent developers around. React JS enables developers to create reusable UI components and manage the state of the application, making it easier to design intricate and dynamic user interfaces.

By efficiently refreshing the user interface with the help of a virtual DOM, React JS enables developers to create high-performance web applications (Document Object Model). Furthermore, it provides a standardised way of handling events, which makes it easier to manage user interactions.

React JS is widely combined with other technologies like Redux or GraphQL to construct full-stack web projects. Due to its efficiency, usability, and ability to handle complex UI requirements, it is frequently used.

Key features and benefits of ReactJS

Here are some of React JS’s salient characteristics and advantages:

  1. Reusable elements: Developers may simply design reusable components with React JS that can be used to create complex user interfaces. This lessens the amount of code that must be created and facilitates long-term codebase maintenance.
  2. Virtual DOM: React JS uses a virtual DOM, which makes changing the user interface quick and easy. Changes are made to the virtual DOM first, and the virtual DOM then efficiently updates the real DOM, minimizing the amount of work required of the browser.
  3. Performance: React JS offers a high level of performance, making it easy to create online applications that are quick and responsive.The virtual DOM and the swift update procedure lessen the work required by the browser, enhancing the application’s overall efficiency.
  4. Easy to learn: React JS is very simple to understand, especially for programmers who are already familiar with JavaScript. The virtual DOM and the idea of reusable components are straightforward concepts that make it simpler for novice developers to get up to speed quickly.
  5. Worldwide used: Companies and individual developers have embraced React JS widely, making it simple to locate resources and assistance for the technology. React JS’s broad developer user base adds to its ongoing growth and advancement.
  6. React JS can be used for server-side rendering: which can help the application run more quickly and give users with slower internet connections a better user experience.
  7. Integration with other technologies: Full-stack web apps may be created using React JS by simply integrating it with additional tools like Redux, GraphQL, and Webpack.

Use cases of ReactJS

There are many applications that employ React JS, including:

  1. React JS is frequently used to create single-page applications (SPAs), which offer a more fluid and responsive user experience than conventional multi-page apps.
  2. Websites for online shopping: React JS is frequently used to create websites for online shopping because it offers the performance and scalability required to handle heavy traffic and data loads.
  3. Because it can manage dynamic and real-time data updates, React JS is frequently used to create social media applications.
  4. Dashboards and analytics tools: React JS offers an effective method of updating the user interface with real-time data, therefore it is used to develop data-rich dashboards and analytics tools.
  5. React JS is used to create custom content management systems (CMSs) since it offers a versatile method for creating dynamic user interfaces.
  6. Systems for managing customer relationships (CRM): Because React JS offers an effective method of organising and displaying vast volumes of data, it is utilised to create customised CRM systems.
  7. Tools used internally: Because React JS offers a quick approach to create specialised user interfaces that are suited to the unique requirements of a business, it is used to create internal tools and applications.

Limitations of ReactJS

The following are some drawbacks of React JS:

  1. incline learning curve Despite being comparatively simple to understand, React JS can nevertheless have a challenging learning curve for novice developers. It calls for a thorough knowledge of JavaScript and related technologies like Redux or GraphQL.
  2. Debugging React JS applications may be challenging, especially when they are large and complicated. This is a result of the virtual DOM’s use and the requirement to manage the application’s state.
  3. React JS apps that become more complicated have a tendency to become bulky and challenging to maintain. This is due to the fact that the application’s state needs to be controlled properly, and it can be challenging to track how various applications are interconnected.
  4. The DOM (Document Object Model) is used by React JS to update the user interface; nevertheless, DOM manipulation can be slow, especially for big and complicated applications.
  5. Not a complete framework: React JS is a library, not a complete framework, and needs other programs and tools to function properly. This means that developers must have a solid understanding of the tools they are employing, such as Redux or GraphQL, in conjunction with React JS.
  6. React JS performance might suffer from big amounts of data since the virtual DOM must be refreshed whenever the data changes, which can cause performance issues. The application’s overall performance may be impacted by this.


React JS is still widely utilized by businesses and developers all over the world despite these drawbacks. It is a crucial tool for creating web applications because it offers a versatile and effective method of creating dynamic user interfaces.

 

What is React Native?

react native logo reactjs vs react native

The React Native framework allows developers to build native mobile applications using JavaScript and React. With a single codebase, programmers can produce native, high-performance apps for both the iOS and Android platforms.

Developers can utilise JavaScript and React to build native mobile applications with React Native that are just as responsive and fluid as more traditional native applications. This provides a method for developers to produce mobile applications that function on several platforms using a single codebase, which can hasten development and cut costs.

React Native renders the user interface using native components and APIs, giving applications produced with it a look and feel that matches the platform on which they are running.

Key features and benefits of React native 

The following are some of the primary features and benefits of React Native:

  1. Cross-platform creation With React Native, developers can quickly and cheaply produce high-quality native mobile applications for iOS and Android platforms using a single codebase.
  2. Native performance: React Native provides a user experience that is fluid and responsive, comparable to that of traditional native applications, by rendering the user interface using native components and APIs.
  3. React Native is built using JavaScript and React, two frameworks known for their clarity and effectiveness. Because of this, creating high-performance apps and getting them up and running quickly is simple for developers.
  4. Access to native device features: Thanks to React Native, developers can use native device functions like the camera, accelerometer, and GPS.
  5. Reusable components: React Native supports the use of reusable components that can be used in different projects. This can reduce the amount of time and resources needed to maintain and update the code.
  6. Support from the community: The big and vibrant developer and contributor community that makes up the React Native project offers a plethora of information and assistance to developers. This contains resources like tutorials, libraries, and tools that can speed up the development process.
  7. React Native is a fantastic alternative for businesses who have made a major investment in web or mobile development because it integrates with existing code quickly.

For developers to create high-quality, native mobile applications for various platforms, React Native offers a straightforward, effective, and powerful method. It offers access to native device functionalities and encourages the usage of reusable code components, making it an excellent choice for businesses wishing to develop sophisticated mobile applications.

Use cases for React native

React Native is well suited for a variety of use cases, including:

  1. Cross-platform mobile development: React Native enables developers to build high-quality, native mobile applications for iOS and Android platforms using a single codebase, making it an ideal solution for companies looking to develop applications for multiple platforms.
  2. High-performance mobile applications: React Native uses native components and APIs to render the user interface, which provides a smooth and responsive user experience that is comparable to traditional native applications. This makes it a good option for companies looking to build high-performance mobile applications.
  3. Mobile applications with native features: React Native provides access to native device features, such as the camera, accelerometer, and GPS, which allows developers to build advanced and highly interactive applications. This makes it a good option for companies looking to build applications with rich, native functionality.
  4. Mobile applications with complex user interfaces: React Native supports the use of reusable code components, which can be used to build complex user interfaces. This makes it a good option for companies looking to build applications with advanced user interfaces, such as gaming, augmented reality, or virtual reality applications.
  5. Mobile applications with real-time data: React Native supports the use of websockets and real-time data, making it a good option for companies looking to build applications that require real-time data and notifications, such as chat applications or real-time market data applications.
  6. Mobile applications with web integrations: React Native can be easily integrated with existing web applications, making it a good option for companies looking to build mobile applications that are connected to their web platforms.

Limitations of React Native

React Native is a powerful framework for building native mobile applications, but it also has some limitations, including:

  1. Limited customization: React Native uses native components, but some customizations may require platform-specific code, which can increase development time and complexity.
  2. Third-party libraries: While React Native has a large and active community of developers, not all third-party libraries have been optimized for use with React Native. This can sometimes result in compatibility issues and longer development times.
  3. Debugging: Debugging can be challenging with React Native, as errors may not be immediately visible, and may require platform-specific knowledge and tools to resolve.
  4. Performance limitations: React Native uses JavaScript to execute code, which can result in slower performance compared to traditional native applications. In some cases, performance-critical sections of an application may need to be written in native code.
  5. Limited accessibility: React Native does not yet provide full accessibility support for all components, which can result in issues for users with disabilities.
  6. Steep learning curve: React Native uses JavaScript and React, which may require a learning curve for developers who are not familiar with these technologies.


ReactJS vs React Native

ReactJS vs React Native Comparison of key features and benefits

Here is a comparison of key features and benefits between React JS and React Native in a table format:

Feature/BenefitReact JSReact Native
Platform SupportWebiOS, Android
Development TimeFaster than traditional native developmentFaster than traditional native development, but slower than React JS
User InterfaceUses web components for UIUses native components for UI
PerformanceGood for small to medium-sized applicationsGood for small to large-sized applications
Reusability of CodeReusable code componentsReusable code components
Third-Party LibrariesLarge library of third-party components availableSome libraries may not be optimized for React Native
DebuggingTools and processes are well establishedCan be challenging
AccessibilityGood accessibility supportLimited accessibility support
Learning CurveModerate learning curveSteep learning curve

Note: This table provides a general comparison of React JS and React Native and may not apply to all use cases.

ReactJS vs React Native Comparison of performance, scalability, and user experience

Here is an overview of the comparison of performance, scalability, and user experience between React JS and React Native:

Performance:

  • ReactJS has good performance for small to medium-sized applications, but may have some limitations for larger applications.
  • React Native has good performance for small to large-sized applications, but may be slower than React JS.

Scalability:

  • ReactJS is scalable, with well-established processes and tools for scaling applications.
  • React Native is scalable, but may require additional development time and resources for scaling applications.

User Experience:

  • ReactJS provides a good user experience, with a large library of components available for building applications.
  • React Native provides a good user experience, with native components providing a seamless look and feel to applications.

ReactJS vs React Native Comparison of development processes and tools

Here is an overview of the comparison of development processes and tools between React JS and React Native:

Development Processes:

  • React JS has well-established development processes, with a large and active community of developers.
  • React Native has a growing community of developers, but the development processes may not be as well established as React JS.

Development Tools:

  • React JS has a large number of development tools and resources available, including integrated development environments (IDEs), debugging tools, and a wide range of third-party components.
  • React Native has a growing number of development tools and resources available, but some tools may not be optimized for React Native and may require additional development time and resources.

ReactJS vs React Native Comparison of market demand and job opportunities

Here is a comparison of market demand and job opportunities for React JS and React Native based on several factors:

  • Market Demand: React JS has high demand, with a large number of companies using it for web development. On the other hand, React Native has growing demand, with an increasing number of companies adopting it for mobile development.
  • Job Opportunities: React JS has high job opportunities, with a large number of open positions for React JS developers. React Native has growing job opportunities, with an increasing number of open positions for React Native developers.
  • Salary: React JS developers typically earn a higher salary due to the high demand and the need for specialized skills. React Native developers typically earn a slightly lower salary due to the growing demand and the need for less specialized skills.
  • Learning Curve: React JS has a relatively low learning curve for developers with prior web development experience. React Native has a slightly steeper learning curve for developers without prior mobile development experience.
  • Community: React JS has a large and active community of developers and support resources. React Native has a growing community of developers and support resources.
  • Tools and Resources: There is a wide range of tools and resources available for React JS development. For React Native development, there is a limited number of tools and resources available, but these resources are growing.

Choosing between React JS and React Native

When choosing between ReactJS vs React Native, there are several factors to consider:

  1. Project Requirements: The choice between React JS and React Native will depend on the specific requirements of the project. React JS is best suited for web development, while React Native is best suited for mobile development.
  2. Development Experience: If a developer has prior experience in web development, they will find it easier to work with React JS. On the other hand, if a developer has prior experience in mobile development, they will find it easier to work with React Native.
  3. Performance: React Native provides better performance compared to React JS, as it directly accesses native APIs and has better performance optimization tools. However, React JS is still a highly performant platform and can provide a high-quality user experience.
  4. Market Demand: If a developer is looking to work in a high-demand field, they may choose to focus on React JS, as it has a higher demand compared to React Native. On the other hand, if a developer is looking to work in a growing field, they may choose to focus on React Native, as it has a growing demand.
  5. Learning Curve: React JS has a relatively low learning curve for developers with prior web development experience. React Native has a slightly steeper learning curve for developers without prior mobile development experience.
  6. Community and Support: Both React JS and React Native have a strong and supportive community of developers. However, React JS has a larger community, and therefore, there may be more support and resources available.


Ultimately, the choice between React JS and React Native will depend on the specific requirements and goals of the project, as well as the skills and experience of the developer.

Conclusion 

React JS and React Native are both open-source JavaScript libraries for building user interfaces. React JS is used for building web applications, while React Native is used for building mobile applications.

React JS has a more robust ecosystem, more libraries and tools available, and is better suited for complex projects. On the other hand, React Native provides a better user experience, faster performance, and is more cost-effective compared to React JS.

When choosing between React JS and React Native, it’s important to consider the specific requirements of the project, such as user experience, performance, and development time. In general, React JS is better suited for web projects, while React Native is better for mobile projects.

To make the best decision, it’s important to research and test both platforms, and take advantage of community resources and best practices for making the decision. Ultimately, the right choice will depend on the specific requirements and goals of the project.

Recommendations:

  1. Research and Test Both Platforms: Before making a decision, it’s important to research and test both React JS and React Native to determine which platform is best suited for the project.
  2. Take Advantage of Community Resources: There are many resources available in the React JS and React Native communities, such as forums, blogs, and tutorials, that can help developers make informed decisions and overcome challenges.
  3. Consider the User Experience: When choosing between React JS and React Native, it’s important to consider the user experience, as well as performance, scalability, and development time.
  4. Seek Professional Advice: If in doubt, it may be helpful to seek the advice of a professional or consultant who has experience with both platforms.

This brings us to the end of this article, on ReactJS and React Native. I hope you have a clear understanding of everything that has been shared with you in this blog. If you have additional questions or suggestions, please leave a comment below, and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

If you come across any questions, feel free to ask all questions in the comments section of “ReactJS vs React Native,” and our team will be glad to answer.

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ReactJS vs React Native – Key Differences – Edureka

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