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Software testing is one of the mainstreams in the recent past. Testing the system against all odds make the entire process easier. So, the market for software testing is mainly dominated by powerful and dynamic tools like Selenium, QTP, and many more. So, in this QTP vs Selenium article, we’ll be discussing the major differences between the two automation testing tools.
But before we compare QTP and Selenium, let’s take a look at the topics we’ll be covering in this article
Before we see what is QTP, we’ll understand the history of QTP.
QTP is an acronym for Quick Test Professional which was originally developed by Mercury Interactive and was later acquired by HP (Hewlett Packard), and they called it UFT (Unified Functional Testing). This UFT was combined with the HP QTP and HP Service Test into a single software package which was apparently available till 2016 until the whole division was sold to Microfocus.
So, let’s first learn about QTP and understand its functionalities.
QTP is an automation testing tool that helps testers to perform automated functional testing seamlessly, without monitoring the system in intervals.
Now, let’s understand about Selenium.
Selenium is an automation tool used to test web applications.
We’ll first see the advantages of Selenium over QTP.
Now, let’s see what are the advantages of QTP over Selenium
QTP and Selenium are the two predominantly used automation testing tools which are widely used by all software testers.
We’ll compare these tools based on certain parameters –
License: QTP is licensed and the cost is way too high and the user has to pay for all the versions of this tool whereas Selenium is an open source tool and the user does not have to pay for any of the versions of this tool.
Flexibility: QTP is not very flexible when it comes to executing the test cases across different platforms. It mainly supports Windows and executes the tests there. It also tests Web, Mobile, and desktop applications whereas Selenium is highly flexible because the test cases can run across different platforms like Chrome, Firefox, IE and so on. It can only test web applications and cannot test mobile or desktop applications.
Programming language: QTP test scripts are written only in VBScript which is an active scripting language developed by Microsoft and the test scripts cannot be written in any simple programming language whereas Selenium test scripts are written in the simple user-friendly programming languages like Java, Python, C#, Scala, Ruby and so on but the most commonly used language among these is Java.
IDE basis: QTP test cases only work on QTP developed environment and not on any other IDEs apart from this whereas Selenium test scripts are integrated and run across different IDEs like Eclipse, NetBeans, .Net and so on.
Repository: QTP has an inbuilt object repository which is a common storage location for all objects, and is a collection of all the objects and its properties with which QTP will be able to recognize them and act on it whereas Selenium does not have any inbuilt repository as it uses the web elements in the user interface to test the applications.
Environment: QTP supports different environments like SAP, Oracle, and so on and it does not support additional plugins to the software whereas Selenium supports all additional plugins alongside its features.
So, these are the major differences between the two most predominantly used testing giants, QTP and Selenium.
|Flexibility||Run only on Windows||Run across different browsers|
|Programming language||Supports only VBScript||Supports many languages like Java, Python, C# and so on|
|IDE basis||Works only on QTP developed IDE||Works on Eclipse, .Net, NetBeans, etc.|
|Repository||Has its own object repository||Does not have an object repository of its own|
|Environment||Supports SAP, Oracle and includes no add-ons to the software||Allows all additional plugins|
Each tool has its own pros and cons. It completely depends on the user as to what he wants to test and how he wants to carry out certain operations. These tools have advantages and disadvantages over each other. Selenium is ahead of QTP based on certain parameters and also QTP is ahead of Selenium, based on a different set of parameters.
Now with this, we come to an end to this “QTP vs Selenium” blog. I Hope you guys enjoyed this article and understood what is QTP and what is Selenium, and also their major differences. Now that you have understood the comparison between the two major tools used for testing, check out the Selenium Certification Course by Edureka, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 650,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. This course is designed to introduce you to the complete Selenium features and its importance in testing software. Got a question for us? Please mention it in the comments section of “QTP vs Selenium” and we will get back to you.