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Python Frameworks: What Are The Top 5 Frameworks In Python?

Published on May 22,2019 919 Views

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Python Programming language has many applications when it comes to implementation. Web development being one of the applications, there is a pressing need to understand which framework will serve your purpose in the best way possible. In this blog, we will understand the key features of the top 5 python frameworks. Following are the topics covered in this blog:

What Are Frameworks In Python?

A framework is a collection of modules or packages which helps in writing web applications. While working on frameworks in python we don’t have to worry about the low level details such as protocols, sockets or thread management.

Benefits Of Python Frameworks - Python Frameworks - Edureka

Frameworks automate the common implementation of common solutions which gives the flexibility to the users to focus on the application logic instead of the basic routine processes.

Frameworks make the life of web developers easier by giving them a structure for app development. They provide common patterns in a web application that are fast, reliable and easily maintainable.

Lets take a look at a few operations involved in a web application using a web framework:

  • Url Routing – Routing is the mechanism of mapping the URL directly to the code that creates the web page.
  • Input form handling and validation – Suppose you have a form which takes some input, the idea is to validate the data and then save it.
  • Output formats with template engine – A template engine allows the developers to generate desired content types like HTML, XML, JSON.
  • Database connection – Database connection configuration and persistent data manipulation through an ORM. 
  • Web security – Frameworks give web security against cross-site request forgery aka CSRF, sql injection, cross-site scripting and other common malicious attacks.
  • Session storage and retrieval – Data stored in the session storage gets cleared when the page session ends.

Advantages Of Frameworks

  1. Open-source
  2. Good documentation
  3. Efficient
  4. Secure
  5. Integration

advantages-top 5 frameworks in python-edureka

Why Use A Framework?

Frameworks make it easier to reuse the code for common HTTP operations. They structure the projects in a way so that the other developers with the knowledge of the framework can easily maintain and build the application.

Why use a framework-top 5 frameworks in python-edureka

Library vs Framework

LibraryFramework
Less complex More complex
When you call a method from a library, you are in control.The control is inverted, the frameworks calls you.
A library performs specific operations. A framework contains the basic flow, the rest is build by the user.

 

The key advantage of using a framework instead of a library is the flexibility. They are extensible and provides us with the necessary tools to extend its features.

When you have a library, you have to learn each functionality to perform certain operations. But with frameworks it becomes relatively easy due to the structured control of the flow. We just have to direct our operations using a certain operation using the functionalities already existing in the framework.

Although there are a lot of frameworks available in the market for web development, below are the top 5 frameworks in python.

Top 5 Frameworks In Python

Depending upon the sort of functionalities and key features they provide to the user, these are top 5 frameworks in python, both micro-frameworks and full-stack frameworks.

  • Django
  • Web2Py
  • Flask
  • Bottle
  • CherryPy

Before we move any further, let us take a quick look at the difference between the terms mentioned below:

Difference between a micro-framework and a full-stack framework?

Micro-frameworkFull-stack framework
simple and easy to useComplex and does the heavy lifting
url routing is RESTful oftenNeed not be RESTful 
A good choice for small applicationsCan be used to make any applications
Use WSGI and work through HTTP request/response.Provide libraries, template engines, database management etc.

Django 

Django is a free and open-source full-stack python framework, it includes all the necessary features by default.

django-top 5 frameworks in python-edureka

It follows the DRY principle, which says don’t repeat yourselves. Django uses its ORM mappers to map objects to database tables. An ORM or object relational mapper is a code library which helps you manipulate the data from a database using the object-oriented paradigm.

The main databases that django works on are PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite, Oracle. It can also work with other databases using the third party drivers.

Some of the exemplary features of django web frameworks are following:

  • Authentication
  • URL routing
  • Template engine
  • ORM
  • Database Schema migrations

Django also follows MVC-MVT architecture,

MVC-MVT architecture:

MVT is slightly different from MVC, Although Django takes care of the controller part which is the code that controls the interactions between the model and the view. And the template is HTML file mixed with Django template language.

Developer provides the model, view and the template. User then maps it to the url and then the rest is done by django to serve it to the user.

Web2Py

Web2Py is open source, scalable and a full-stack framework . It does not support python 3 and comes with its own web based IDE which also includes a separate code editor, debugger and one click deployment.

web2py-top 5 frameworks in python-edureka

Following are the features of Web2Py framework:

  • It does not have any prerequisites for installation and configuration
  • It has the ability to run on different platforms. Example- windows, mac, linux etc.
  • Comes with an ability to read multiple protocols
  • Web2Py provides data security against vulnerabilities like cross site scripting, sql injection and other malicious attacks.
  • It has an error tracking mechanism through an error logging and ticketing system.
  • Also has role based access control
  • There is backward compatibility which ensures user oriented advancement without the need to lose any ties with earlier versions.

Flask

Flask is a micro-framework. It is lightweight and its modular design makes it easily adaptable to developer’s needs. It has a number of out of the box features listed below:

flask-top 5 frameworks in python-edureka

  • Built-in development server 
  • A fast debugger
  • Integrated support for unit testing
  • RESTful request dispatching
  • Jinja2 templating
  • Secure cookies support
  • Unicode-based
  • WSGI compliance
  • Ability to plug any ORM
  • HTTP request handling  

Bottle

Bottle is a micro-framework which is originally meant for building APIs , bottle implements everything in a single source file. It has no dependencies whatsoever apart from the python standard library.

bottle-top 5 frameworks in python-edureka

The default features include the following:

  • Routing 
  • Templating
  • Access to form data, file uploads, cookies, headers etc.
  • Abstraction layer over the WSGI standard
  • A built-in development server that supports any other WSGI-capable HTTP server.

Bottle is perfect for building simple personal applications, prototyping and learning the organisation of web frameworks. 

CherryPy

CherryPy is an open-source framework. It follows the minimalist approach in building web applications. It makes building web applications similar to writing an object oriented program.

CherryPy-top 5 frameworks in python-edureka

CherryPy allows us to use any type of technology for creating templates and data access. It is still able to handle sessions, cookies, statics, file uploads and everything else a web framework typically can.

Following are some key features of CherryPy:

  • An HTTP WSGI compliant thread pooled web server
  • It has simplicity of running multiple HTTP servers at once
  • A flexible plugin system
  • Caching
  • Encoding
  • Authentication
  • Built-in support for profiling, coverage and testing
  • Ability to run on different platforms

While choosing a framework for any project you must keep in mind the functionalities and features that it comes with. The specifications and the ability of a framework to cope up with those requirements will determine the performance of your project. In this blog, we have discussed the key features of top 5 frameworks in python which will help you determine necessity of any of these frameworks while you are working on a web development project.

You can also refer to the video below to understand the key features of top 5 frameworks in python.

If you want to master web development using frameworks in python you can enroll in the django certification program to learn web application development from scratch.

If you have any queries? you can mention them in the comments, we will get back to you as soon as possible.

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