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What are the Project Manager Roles and Responsibilities?

Published on Dec 11,2019 160 Views
Swatee Chand
Research Analyst at Edureka. A techno freak who likes to explore different... Research Analyst at Edureka. A techno freak who likes to explore different technologies. Likes to follow the technology trends in market and write about...
3 / 4 Blog from Career Guidance

Project Manager is the go-to person in case of any difficulty or doubt in any project. Not only the project team or internal resources, a project manager even deals with clients, stakeholders as well as external resources involved in the project. But this is just the tip of an iceberg. Through the medium of this article, I will share a detailed knowledge of the project manager roles and responsibilities.

Below are the topics I will be covering:

Before we start off with our article on Project Manager Roles and Responsibilities, first let me give you a brief on what exactly is project management.

What is Project Management?

A project is a temporary endeavor that is undertaken to produce a unique product or solution. Project Management is the discipline that helps in ensuring that the project successfully produces the desired outcome. It is a systematic process that implements various processes, methods, knowledge, skills, and experience for achieving the objectives unique to a project. A typical Project Management process goes through 5 phases of the lifecycle and are covered through 49 processes. These 49 processes are further mapped into 10 Knowledge Areas which are:

  1. Project Integration ManagementInvolves the processes which ensure that different elements of the project are synchronized and coordinated properly.
  2. Project Scope ManagementInvolves the processes which ensure that the project includes all the work required to successfully complete the project.
  3. Project Schedule ManagementInvolves the processes which ensure the completion of the project within the predefined time frame.
  4. Project Cost ManagementInvolves the processes which ensure that the project is completed within the given budget.
  5. Project Quality ManagementInvolves the processes which ensure that the project will satisfy its goals.
  6. Project Resource ManagementInvolves the processes which are needed to make the most use of the people involved in the project.
  7. Project Communications ManagementInvolves the processes which ensure the timely and proper generation, collection, dissemination, storage and disposition of project knowledge.
  8. Project Risk Management: Involves the processes which are concerned with identifying, analyzing and responding to the risks related to the project.
  9. Project Procurement Management: Involves the processes which are required to gather the goods and services from outside.
  10. Project Stakeholder ManagementInvolves the processes which are concerned with the individuals or organizations that will be impacted by the project’s progress/ outcome.

Who is a Project Manager?

Project Managers are the ones who ensure that the entire process of Project Management flows in a controlled manner. In other words, they are majorly responsible for driving a project through various phases of Project Management in an effective yet organized manner. The various phases of Project Management include planning, executing, monitoring, controlling and closing projects. Project Managers also shoulder the responsibility of the entire project scope, project team management, risk estimation along with the various resources needed in the project.

Project Manager Roles and Responsibilities

It is safe to say that Project Managers are the main catalysts of any project. A Project Manager is a key person who is responsible for executing project management while going through the 5 lifecycle phases which intersect with 10 knowledge areas.  Let me now explain the responsibilities of the Project Manager during each phase and corresponding Knowledge Area.

INITIATION PHASE
1. Integration ManagementResponsible for developing a project charter
2. Stakeholder ManagementNeeds to identify potential stakeholders
PLANNING PHASE
1. Integration ManagementResponsible for developing a project management plan
2. Scope ManagementRequires defining and managing scope, creating a WBS, and requirements gathering
3. Schedule ManagementNeeds to properly plan, define, and develop schedules, activities, estimate resources and activity durations, etc.
4. Costs ManagementResponsible for planning and estimating costs, and assign budgets
5. Quality ManagementRequires planning and identification of quality requirements
6. Resource ManagementNeeds to plan and identify the human resource necessities
7. Communications ManagementResponsible for planning detailed communication plans
8. Risk ManagementRequires planning and identification of potential risks, performing a qualitative as well as quantitative risk analysis, and curating risk mitigation strategies
9. Procurement ManagementNeeds to plan and identify the necessary procurements
10. Stakeholder ManagementResponsible for planning and meeting stakeholder expectations
EXECUTING PHASE
1. Integration ManagementNeeds to direct and manage all work for the project
2. Quality ManagementResponsible for managing quality in all aspects
3. Resource ManagementRequires selection, development, and management of the project team
4. Communications ManagementNeeds proper management of communications in every aspect
5. Procurement ManagementResponsible for taking action for securing necessary procurements
6. Stakeholder ManagementRequires management of all stakeholder expectations
MONITORING & CONTROLLING PHASE
1. Integration ManagementNeeds to monitor and control the complete project work while making any necessary changes
2. Scope ManagementResponsible for validating and controlling the entire scope of the project
3. Schedule ManagementRequires to control the scope of the project
4. Costs ManagementNeeds to control the assigned project costs
5. Quality ManagementResponsible for controlling the quality of the final deliverables
6. Communications ManagementRequired to control the communication flow with team and stakeholders
7. Procurement ManagementNeeds to control the project procurements
8. Stakeholder ManagementResponsible for controlling the stakeholder engagements
CLOSING PHASE
1. Integration ManagementNeeds to close all phases of the project
2. Procurement ManagementResponsible for closing all loose ends involved in project procurements

With this, we come to the end of this article on the Project Manager Roles and Responsibilities. You can learn more about Project Management here.

Edureka has a specially curated PMP® Certification Exam Training which will help you to prepare for the certification exam and gaining the required number of contact hours. Here you will be guided by the certified industry professionals throughout your training. The curriculum has been determined by extensive research on 5000+ job descriptions across the globe.

Got a question for us? Please mention it in the comments section of the “Project Manager Roles and Responsibilities” article and we will get back to you.

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