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How To Perform Project Integration Management To Ensure Success

Last updated on May 22,2019 1.3K Views
Research Analyst at Edureka. A techno freak who likes to explore different... Research Analyst at Edureka. A techno freak who likes to explore different technologies. Likes to follow the technology trends in market and write about...
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Project Management is a complex framework that is built around a number of activities and processes which lay like the puzzle pieces. Project integration management helps in putting all these pieces together into a cohesive whole and ensure the success of a project. Through the medium of this project integration management article, I will try to give you a complete insight into how integration management works, its various processes and the tools used in each of them.

Below are the topics that I would be discussing in this project integration management article:

If you wish to master the concepts of project management and become a certified project manager, you can check out our instructor-led PMP Certification Training where these topics are covered in depth.

For now, let’s get started with our article.

Project Integration Management

Feature Image - Project Integration Management - Edureka

According to PMBOK® Guide,

Project Integration Management includes the processes and activities to identify, define, combine, unify, and coordinate the various processes and project management activities within the Project Management Process Groups.

Project integration management is the first knowledge area of the project management framework that helps in sustaining the stability of the project. It touches all the phases of project management lifecycle – initiation, planning, execution, monitor control, and closing. This means the integration management helps a project manager to keep a watchful eye on the various procedures that are performed throughout the project life cycle; right from initiation till the closure.

For a project manager, having proper integration management plan is very crucial as it will ensure that the entire team is working towards a shared goal while staying within the given time frame, scope, and budget for successful project completion. 

Need For Integration Management

  • Integration management ensures that the due dates of various deliverable of the project, its life cycle, and the benefits management plan are well aligned.
  • To achieve the project goals, it provides a well-organized management plan that synchronizes various processes perfectly.
  • It helps in managing and controlling the performance and changes required in activities/tasks of the project management.
  • It coordinates the decisions regarding key changes impacting the project.
  • Integration management measures and monitors the project’s progress by taking the necessary steps to meet the objectives.
  • It plays a vital role in collecting data on the results achieved, analyzing it for further insights, and then conveying it to the relevant stakeholders.
  • With proper integration management, you will be able to finish off all the tasks related to the project smoothly and officially close each phase, contract, the project as a whole and release the resources.
  • Helps in coordinating and synchronizing the phase transitions when required.

Project Integration Management Processes

The entire knowledge area of project integration management is further divided into smaller processes which act as access points for the Project Manager. Each of these processes is an integral part of project integration management and contribute toward project success. These processes are:

    1. Develop Project Charter
    2. Develop Project Management Plan
    3. Direct and Manage Project Work
    4. Manage Project Knowledge
    5. Monitor and Control Project Work
    6. Perform Integrated Change Control
    7. Close the Project

Let me now dive deeper into each of these processes and explain various inputs, outputs, and tools used in the respective processes.

1. Develop Project Charter

In this process, formal a document is developed that will authorize the existence of a project. It is very important to create a project charter before you start with your project implementation as this charter will provide a step by step delivery plan. With the development of the charter, the project manager gains authority over various resources that are applied to the project activities. By developing the project charter, you will be able to establish a direct link between the organization objectives and the undertaken project. It will also serve as formal documentation of the project that an organization can use to legit its commitment towards the project and convince the stakeholders to support the project.

The process of developing a project charter typically include the following points:

  • Project vision: The project vision basically defines the overall objective of the project which includes clear visions and mission of the project, the effect of the project on the organization and the final deliverable.
  • Project organization: Next is to specify the roles and responsibilities of the entire team participating in the project development that will include everyone starting from the relevant stakeholders, their relation with the project, internal and external human resources and the customers.
  • Implementation: After the project organization, the next step is to create an implementation plan. This plan will keep the customers and stakeholders updated regarding the key milestones, changes or updates in project progress and distinct dependencies toward project completion.
  • Risk management: Performing risk management is very important as it will identify any potential risks or areas of concern that may hamper the smooth delivery od the project.

Various inputs, tools, techniques, and outputs involved in this process are listed in the below table:

InputsTools & TechniquesOutputs
  1. Business Documents
    • Business Case
    • Benefits Management Plan
  2. Agreements
  3. Enterprise Environmental Factors
  4. Organizational Process Assets
  1. Expert Judgement
  2. Data Gathering
    • Brainstorming
    • Focus Groups
    • Interviews
  3. Interpersonal and Team Skills
    • Conflict Management
    • Facilitation
    • Meeting Management
  4. Meetings
  1. Project Charter
  2. Assumption Log

2. Develop Project Management Plan

The process of developing a project management plan includes defining, preparing, and coordinating other plan components to finally integrate them into the project management framework. The key advantage of developing a project management plan is that it acts as a road map for all the team members. It gives them a direction to move forward, towards a unified goal for successful project delivery. 

This project management plan comprises of few aspects:

  • An initial brainstorming meet: Through this meeting, the key stakeholders are brought together to discuss the minutes of the project. This proves to be an effective way of initiating the very first process of the project management life cycle i.e planning; while building trust among the team members of the project.
  • Explanation of overall project goals to stakeholders: Despite having a project management plan, change is inevitable and a project manager must acknowledge this fact. Through the course of this project, there are some modifications and changes that are bound to happen to adjust and overcome the unpredictable issues.
  • Duties of team members and stakeholders: Along with getting the project kickstarted, it is very important to determine among the stakeholders, who will be responsible for approving the various project plan aspects.
  • A scope statement: The scope statement helps in securing the sponsorship and specify the project outcomes in order to prevent any type of miscommunication and unify the team.
  • Develop baselines: Before you step into the development phase of the project, it is very important to set the baseline for various aspects like cost, resources, schedules, deliverable etc.
  • Create a staffing plan: Staffing plan is a timeline that indicates the time and the duration each of the human resource will be involved with the project.
  • Analyze risks: It will help in assessing and mitigating the potential risks thus ensuring that the project quality remains intact.
  • Develop a communication plan: Proper communication plan provides a structure to the employees where the team members are allotted proper communication points to report their issues and progress.

Various inputs, tools, techniques and outputs involved in this process are listed in the table below:

InputsTools & TechniquesOutputs
  1. Project Charter
  2. Outputs from other processes
  3. Enterprise Environmental Factors
  4. Organizational Process Assets
  1. Expert Judgement
  2. Data Gathering
    • Brainstorming
    • Checklist
    • Focus Groups
    • Interviews
  3. Interpersonal and Team Skills
    • Conflict Management
    • Facilitation
    • Meeting Management
  4. Meetings
  1. Project Management Plan

3. Direct and Manage Project Work

As per the project management plan, this process helps in directing and managing the project work and making required changes to meet the promised goal. With the correct direction and management of the project, the probability of project success increases while elevating the deliverable quality.

This process is followed throughout the project life cycle and mainly comprised of the following aspects:

  • Approved Change Requests: Any authorized changes required/requested in a project’s plan, scope, cost or schedule are documented in a systematic way.
  • Enterprise Environmental Factors: Tracking any type of internal or external factors that may affect the final outcome positively or negatively. These factors may include market condition, infrastructure, organizational culture or project management plan.
  • Organizational Process Assets:  Along with the factors, organizational assets like policies, procedures, formal & informal plans, historical information etc., that might affect the final deliverable must be properly tracked and assessed.

Various inputs, tools techniques and the outputs involved in this process are listed in the below table:

InputsTools & TechniquesOutputs
  1. Project Management Plan
    • Any Component
  2. Project Documents
    • Change Log
    • Lessons learned register
    • Milestone List
    • Project Communications
    • Project Schedule
    • Requirements Traceability Matrix
    • Risk Register
    • Risk Report
  3. Approved Change Requests
  4. Enterprise Environmental Factors
  5. Organizational Process Assets
  1. Expert Judgement
  2. Project Management Information System
  3. Meetings
  1. Deliverables
  2. Work Performance Data
  3. Issue Log
  4. Change Requests
  5. Project Management Plan Updates
    • Any Component
  6. Project Document Updates
    • Activity List
    • Assumption Log
    • Lessons Learned Register
    • Requirements documentation
    • Risk Register
    • Stakeholder Register
  7. Organizational Process Assets Update

4. Manage Project Knowledge

Management of the project knowledge is very necessary for achieving the promised project objective and further contributing to future learning and references. It is primarily done by using historical or existing organizational data and curating new knowledge. This majorly helps in leveraging the organizational knowledge and improve the project results.

This process is followed throughout the project life cycle which involves various inputs, tools, techniques, and the outputs:

InputsTools & TechniquesOutputs
  1. Project Management Plan
    • All Component
  2. Project Documents
    • Lessons learned Register
    • Project Team Assignments
    • Resource Breakdown Structure
    • Source Selection Criteria
    • Stakeholders Register
  3. Deliverables
  4. Enterprise Environmental Factors
  5. Organizational Process Assets
  1. Expert Judgement
  2. Knowledge Management
  3. Information Management
  4. Interpersonal and Team Skills
    • Active Listening
    • Facilitation
    • Leadership
    • Networking
    • Political Awareness
  1. Lessons Learned Register
  2. Project Management Plan Updates
    • Any Component
  3. Organizational Process Assets Update

5. Monitor and Control Project Work

In order to achieve the performance objectives as defined in the project management plan, this process is implemented. In the motoring and controlling process, the project is tracked, reviewed, and its overall progress is reported which enables the stakeholders to get the exact idea of the project state. This process is performed throughout the project lifecycle and acts as a guide for the project manager to ensure that the project is on schedule. Few of the aspects of this process are:

  • Provide consistent updates: Regular performance reports and project status update is very necessary for properly driving the project to success.
  • Revisit the scope statement: Time to time, revisiting the project scope helps a project manager in ensuring that the modifications made are well preserved.
  • Control baselines: The baselines promised at the beginning of the project must be strictly followed and if any changes are introduced, must be documented in detail. This will later help in keeping the team in focus and on track.
  • Focus on quality control: Quality control is a major pillar of project success and must not be performed leniently. Thus, for a project manager, it is very crucial to perform a constant evaluation of various project components to ensure their efficiency.
  • Monitor and control risks: Separate process for risk monitoring and control is very necessary, as risks are something that can result in project failure or deviation from the original outcome. Thus, assessing new risks through each and every project stage helps in early detection of potential risk/threat and mitigate it in advance.

Various inputs, tools, techniques and outputs involved in this process are listed in the below table:

InputsTools & TechniquesOutputs
  1. Project Management Plan
    • Any Component
  2. Project Documents
    • Assumption Log
    • Basis of estimates
    • Cost Forecasts
    • Issue Log
    • Lessons learned register
    • Milestone List
    • Project
    • Quality Reports
    • Risk Register
    • Risk Report
    • Schedule Forecasts
  3. Work Performance Information
  4. Agreements
  5. Enterprise Environmental Factors
  6. Organizational Process Assets
  1. Expert Judgement
  2. Data Analysis
    • Alternatives Analysis
    • Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • Earned Value Analysis
    • Root Cause Analysis
    • Trend Analysis
    • Variance Analysis
  3. Decision Making
  4. Meetings
  1. Work Performance Reports
  2. Change Requests
  3. Project Management Plan Updates
    • Any Component
  4. Project Document Updates
    • Cost Forecasts
    • Issue Logs
    • Lessons Learned Register
    • Risk Register
    • Schedule Forecasts

6. Perform Integrated Change Control

This process is performed to control the various change requests received throughout the project life cycle. Here, all the change requests, approved changes, modifications of the final deliverable, project documents, project management plan etc., are reviewed. Performing this process helps in keeping an integrated document containing the list of changes while assessing the overall risks which might arise due to the new changes.

Various inputs, tools, techniques and outputs involved in this process are listed in the below table:

InputsTools & TechniquesOutputs
  1. Project Management Plan
    • Change Management Plan
    • Configuration Management Plan
    • Scope Baseline
    • Schedule Baseline
    • Cost Baseline
  2. Project Documents
    • Basis of estimates
    • Requirements Traceability matrix
    • Risk Report
  3. Work Performance Reports
  4. Change Requests
  5. Enterprise Environmental Factors
  6. Organizational Process Assets
  1. Expert Judgement
  2. Change Control Tools
  3. Data Analysis
    • Alternatives Analysis
    • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  4. Decision Making
    • Voting
    • Autocratic Decision Making
    • Multicriteria Decision Analysis
  5. Meetings
  1. Approved Change Requests
  2. Project Management Plan Updates
    • Any Component
  3. Project Document Updates
    • Change Log

7. Close the Project

This is the final process of project integration management, where the various project activities, phases, and contracts are finalized. It provides a controlled environment where the project can be successfully wrapped up. The closing process includes the activities like preservation of the project information, completion of planned work, the release of involved resources etc.

Various inputs, tools techniques and outputs involved in this process are listed in the below table:

InputsTools & TechniquesOutputs
  1. Project Charter
  2. Project Management Plan
    • Any Component
  3. Project Documents
    • Assumption Log
    • Basis of estimates
    • Change Log
    • Issue Log
    • Lessons learned register
    • Milestone List
    • Project Communication
    • Quality Control Measurements
    • Quality Reports
    • Requirements Documentation
    • Risk Register
    • Risk Report
  4. Accepted Deliverables
  5. Business Documents
    • Business Case
    • Benefits Management Plan
  6. Agreements
  7. Procurement Documentation
  8. Organizational Process Assets
  1. Expert Judgement
  2. Data Analysis
    • Document Analysis
    • Regression Analysis
    • Trend Analysis
    • Variance Analysis
  3. Meetings
  1. Project Documents Updates
    • Lessons Learned Register
  2. Final Product, Service, or Result Transition
  3. Final Report
  4. Organizational Process Assets Updates

This brings us to the end of this Project Integration Management article. Hope it helped in adding value to your knowledge. If you wish to learn more about project management or project management certifications you can check my other articles as well.

If you found this “Project Integration Management” article relevant, check out the PMP® Certification Exam Training by Edureka, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 250,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. 

Got a question for us? Please mention it in the comments section of this Project Integration Management article and we will get back to you.

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