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Performance Testing Tutorial – What is it & its Types?

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The modern era of IT has seen an overwhelming evolution of the Software Testing industry giving way to greener pastures. Thus it becomes very important to ensure the effective performance of the software application. Through the medium of this “Performance Testing Tutorial”, I will be providing you in-depth knowledge about performance testing fundamentals along with the details on a load testing tool known as JMeter.

Below topics are covered in this article.

You may also go through this recording of software testing tutorial where our Software Testing Training experts have explained the concepts in depth.

What is Performance Testing?

Performance Testing is a type of software testing that ensures that the software applications will perform well under their expected workload. It is essential to verify whether the product meets the expected or required performance level. Performance testing measures the quality attributes of the system, such as scalability, reliability and resource usage.

Performance Testing - Performance Testing Tutorial - EdurekaIt mainly focuses on certain factors of a Software Program such as:

  • Speed – It identifies whether the response of the application is fast.
  • Scalability – It determines the maximum user load.
  • Stability – It checks if the application is stable under varying loads.

Now that you know what is performance testing, let’s see why you need performance testing.

Why Performance Testing is Required?

Performance Testing provides information about their application regarding speed, stability, and scalability. More importantly, it uncovers what needs to be improved before the product goes to market. Without that, software might suffer from issues such as: running slow while several users use it simultaneously, inconsistencies across different operating systems and poor usability.

Performance testing determines whether their software meets speed, scalability, and stability requirements under expected workloads. Applications that are sent to market with poor performance metrics due to nonexistent or poor performance testing are likely to gain a bad reputation and fail to meet expected sales goals. These are a few of the reasons that depict the need for performance testing.

Now let’s dive deeper into this Performance testing tutorial article and see its different types.

Performance Testing Types

Below image shows different types of performance testing. Performance Testing Types - Performance testing Tutorial - Edureka

Let’s have a look at the details of its various types in depth.

  • Load Testing – Load Testing checks the application’s ability to perform under anticipated user loads. The main objective of this testing is to identify performance bottlenecks before the software application goes live.
  • Stress Testing – This testing involves testing an application under extreme workloads to see how it handles high traffic or data processing. Here, it identifies the breaking point of an application.
  • Endurance Testing – This testing is done to make sure the software can handle the expected load over a long period of time.
  • Spike Testing – It is used to test the software’s reaction to sudden large spikes in the load generated by users.
  • Volume Testing – Here, a large amount of data is populated in a database and the overall software system’s behavior is monitored. The main objective of this testing is to check the software application’s performance under varying database volumes.
  • Scalability Testing – The main objective of scalability testing is to determine the software application’s effectiveness in “scaling up” to support an increase in user load.

Now that you have gained some insights into the fundamentals of performance testing, let’s move further and understand the working and steps involved in the performance testing process.

Performance Testing Process

The below infographic depicts the steps involved in the performance testing process. Let’s dive deeper and understand each of these steps in detail:

Performance testing process - Performance Testing Tutorial - EdurekaStep 1: Identify the testing environment

Identify the hardware, software, network configurations and tools available for testing. Performance testing environment options include:

  • A subset of the production system with fewer servers of lower specification
  • A subset of the production system with fewer servers of the same specification
  • Replica of productions system
  • Actual production system

Step 2:  Identify performance metrics

In addition to determining metrics such as response time, throughput and constraints, determine what are the success criteria for performance testing.

Step 3: Plan and design performance tests

Determine performance test scenarios that take into account user variability, test data, and target metrics. This will basically create one or two models.

Step 4: Configure the test environment

You need to prepare the elements of the test environment and instruments needed to monitor resources.

Step 5: Implement your test design

Develop and implement the tests for execution.

Step 6: Execute tests

In addition to running the performance tests, you must monitor and capture the data generated.

Step 7: Analyze, report, retest

The last step is to analyze the data and share the findings. Here, you must run the performance tests again using the same as well as different parameters.

So, this was all about Performance Testing process. Now let’s know what are the test metrics or parameters for performance testing.

Performance Test Metrics

  1. Processor Usage – It is the amount of time a processor spends executing non-idle threads.
  2. Memory use – It is the amount of physical memory available to processes on a computer.
  3. Disk time – It is the amount of time disk is busy executing a read or write request.
  4. Bandwidth – This implies the bits per second used by a network interface.
  5. Private bytes – It is the number of bytes a process has allocated that can’t be shared amongst other processes.
  6. Committed memory – It is the amount of virtual memory used.
  7. Memory pages/second – It is the number of pages written to or read from the disk in order to resolve hard page faults.

Now let’s move ahead with our “Performance Testing Tutorial” and find out some of the best tools used for performance testing.

Performance Testing Tools

Performance testing is significant in real time, particularly from a point of view of customer satisfaction. There are various performance testing tools available, such as:

  • Apache JMeter
  • LoadRunner
  • WebLOAD
  • LoadUI
  • LoadView
  • NeoLoad

JMeter is one of the most preferred tools when it comes to Performance Testing. So, let’s move ahead with our “Performance Testing Tutorial” to know more about this particular testing tool.

Introduction to JMeter

Apache JMeter is a tool used for testing, analyzing and measuring the performance of different software services and products. It is one of the pure Java open source software used for testing Web Application or FTP application.

Apache Jmeter Tutorial - Performance Testing TutorialIt is mainly used to execute performance testing, load testing and functional testing of web applications. JMeter can also simulate a heavy load on a server by creating tons of virtual concurrent users to a web server.

How does JMeter perform Testing?

Let’s take a look at the different steps performed by JMeter during testing:

  1. First, it creates a request and sends to the server.
  2. Once it receives the response from the server, it then collects them and visualizes those details in a chart or graph.
  3. After that, it processes the response from the server.
  4. Finally, it generates the test result in several formats such as TXT, XML, JSON so that the tester can analyze data.

If you wish to know more about JMeter and its working, kindly read this article on JMeter Tutorial.

With this, we come to the ending of this article on Performance Testing Tutorial. Hope it helped in adding up to your knowledge. Happy learning.

Now that you know about the performance testing tutorial, check out the Performance Testing Using JMeter Course by Edureka, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 250,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. This course provides you insights into software behavior during workload. In this course, you will learn how to check the response time and latency of software and test if a software package is efficient for scaling. The course will help you check the strength and analyze the overall performance of an application under different load types. 

Got a question for us? Please mention it in the comments section of  Performance Testing tutorial article and we will get back to you.

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