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How to Learn Python 3 from Scratch – A Beginners Guide

Published on May 27,2019 2K Views
11 / 15 Blog from Introduction to Python

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Many of us stumble upon the same question, “as a beginner, should I learn Python 3?” If you are seeking the answer too, read this article, as I unravel what Python 3 has to offer. Programming using Python 3 has become the next-gen skill to acquire. No doubt, most entry level programmers are inclined towards completing Python Programming Certification. With rich features and vivid functionality to offer, Python 3 has taken the programming community by storm.

I have covered the following topics to help kick-start your journey to learn Python 3.

What is Python 3?

Python is a free open source, multi-purpose programming language, created by Guido Van Rossum in 1991. Since Python’s first release, the language has gone through many changes and improvements. It was built as a successor to programming language ABC. Python’s primary advantage was that it had the capability to handle exceptions and interface with an operating system named ‘Amoeba‘. With time Python language has evolved and grown manifolds. It’s time to study Python 3 language in detail.

Why Learn Python 3?

Python has a range of advantages over other programming languages. I have covered a few important advantages of Python, below.

  • Utility and applicability

Python supports the re-usability and flexibility of programs. Python supports numerous modules, making easier to implement programs under domains like data analytics, machine learning, artificial intelligence, deep learning, etc.

  • Edge over other languages

When compared to other programming languages, Python is reliable and has rich support from its community. It’s interpreted nature adds to it being portable and time efficient.

  • Easy readability and debugging

Python follows clear structural specifications for writing its code, making it easy to read and edit. It redefines the cleanliness of code and doesn’t follow the traditional programming syntax.

  • Career path and Job opportunities

According to recent surveys, it was concluded that Python is the most demanding programming language in the IT market. To start learning Python, you may consider reading more about the Python Institute’s PCAP certification and the career path to being a master in Python.

Now that we have spoken about Python 3 features, let us scoot towards a comparison between Python 3 and its predecessor Python 2.

Comparison: Python 2 vs Python 3

After its release in 2008, Python 3 has evolved way more than its predecessor Python 2. Answering whether Python 3 being better than Python 2, is a no-brainer.

Python-2-vs-Python-3-Learn Python 3-Edureka

I have described the key differences between Python 3 and Python 2 below:

  • Python 2 support will cease to exist by 2020 and Python 3 will be the inevitable future of the language.
  • Most Python 3 libraries are developed to run specifically with Python 3. Also, many of Python 2 libraries can’t be used with Python 3.
  • Python 3 has introduced Unicode support for text strings as compared to ASCII in Python 2.
  • Syntax to define print function has changed. Python 3 uses curly braces to print a statement.

For example, look at the difference between the print function syntax for Python 2 and Python 3, as stated below.

Python 2:

print "Edureka Python Courseware"

Python 3:
print ("Edureka Python Courseware")

    The latest release of Python is Python 3.6.1. Few key features from the latest release are given below:

    • Improved numeric literals have been introduced
    • String interpolation and formatting has been improved
    • Secrets module for generating cryptographically secure authentication tokens have been made available for use

    We’ve studied the differences that Python has with its predecessor. Now, it’s time to talk about the competitors of Python 3.

    Python 3 and its Competitors

    Learning the basic differences between Python and the other leading languages like Java, R, Go Lang would help garner Python’s upper hand over others.

    It is easy and efficient to read Python code. Python also comes bundled with a single line HTTP server setup capability. Whereas Java is complex and it has higher compile time and memory usage.

    Python 3 is faster in the execution of shorter codes. R is a programming language that supports the statistical analysis and data mining. Hence it is a field-specific language. R has limitations when it comes to developing web applications.

    Python 3 has wide support of packages that allow applicability across different platforms. Go lang has its applications more inclined towards system programming, cloud computing, and web development. Henceforth Go Lang has field-specific applicability.

    According to 2019’s index for PYPL PopularitY Index, Python has emerged as one of the most wanted languages in the forum of developers. With this study, a natural inclination towards beginning to learn Python 3 has emerged among every programming individual.

    The graph below shows the top 8 most wanted programming languages and their requirements in the IT market.

    Language popularity-Learn python 3-Edureka

    Having said that, let me shed some light on the valuable features of Python 3 in detail.

    Features of Python 3

    Python 3 offers rich functionality making it the most appropriate for solving real-life problems. I have written down a few important features of Python, below:

    features-Learn Python 3-Edureka

    Let us understand each of these features in detail.

    • Open source

    Python is an open source language and is free for use. Download the Python environment from the Python global webpage – http://www.python.org.

    • Platform independent

    Python is portable and can be executed on any platform. Python 3 stores code as a byte code before it is interpreted on a platform.

    • Interpreted

    Python code doesn’t need to be compiled. It is interpreted on the machine, it has been executed on.

    Python has features of an object-oriented as well as a procedural programming language. It supports the usability of functions, classes, and objects. An object-oriented approach strengthens the diverse application of Python in various fields.

    • Fast and Efficient

    Python is fast to execute and run. It is efficient to develop and maintain scripts in Python. Python’s code is easy to read and it’s indentation approach keeps the code clean.

    • Extensive libraries

    Python supports the usability of an array of open source libraries that can be used to implement technologies like Machine learning, Data analytics, Web design, etc.

    Few of Python’s packages have been described below:

    Used to facilitate array handling and complex matrix functions

    Used for real-time digital image processing

    Used for data analysis

    Used for visualization of data

    Used to develop applications using Machine learning

    Used to build GUI applications

    Python has numerous array of applications. Let’s have a look at the applications that you can build with Python 3.

    Python 3 Applications

    Few of the most important domains in which Python is used to develop applications is described below:

    A bunch of applications that run on Python 3 code is present in the picture below:

    Applications-Learn python 3-Edureka

     

    With this perennial reach of Python, it is natural to ask, where should one begin learning Python 3 from? To answer that question, I have represented a fundamental learning path for learning Python 3 in the section below:

    Fundamentals of Python

    I have written down the fundamental topics that you should study in order to get started with Python 3.

    Variables are used to store information in memory. It can then be invoked later to perform calculations.

    Loops and conditional statements are used to control the flow of a program. A few examples are, while loop, for loop, Switch statement, etc.

    File I/O operations are ways to fetch information from one source and send it out to a different target.

    • Exception Handling

    Exception handling is a functionality that allows us to identify errors and debug programs.

    Object-oriented programming enables the use of classes and objects. Concepts like Inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, and encapsulation build up the foundations to Python programming.

    • Interfaces

    Reusable and interactive GUI applications can be built using libraries of Python 3.

    Python’s libraries can be used to create REST APIs and responsive WebUI applications.

    • Testing

    Python’s code should be tested to meet the business requirement and functional test jobs can be integrated with Selenium for automated testing.

    Python has a wide range of supported modules. We can perform various functions and operations with varied functionalities the modules offer.

    Awesome! You have now learned the fundamentals of Python. Let’s write a simple code and get familiar with scripting in Python.

    Your First Python 3 Program

    I have written a Python 3 code to find whether the number entered is Prime. This example will make you a little familiar with the syntax that a Python 3 program follows.

    Program to check if the number entered is a Prime number or not.

    Property of prime number – Every number that is only divisible by 1 and itself, is a prime number. Note the exclusivity of division by 1 and the number itself.

    Count = 0 # Count used as a iterating variable
    numprime = int(input("Enter the number which needs to be checked for being Prime or not : "))
    for i in range(1, numprime):
        if numprime % i == 0: # Checks if the number is divisible by numbers
            Count+=1 # increments the counter
        ++i # increments the loop variable
    if Count  > 1: # Checks if the number of divisible events are more than 1
        print("Darn, the number", numprime, "is not a Prime number")
    else:
        print("Voila! the number", numprime, "is a Prime number")
    

    Congratulations! Your first Python 3 program executes without errors. The output of the program is given below:

    Prime number output2-Learn Python 3-Edureka

    I hope you were able to read through the article and get a fair understanding to learn Python 3 programming. Python 3 is like a Swiss knife of functionalities, that a programming language can execute. As a result, get inspired and learn Python 3 today!

    If you found this article on “Learn Python 3” relevant, check out the Edureka Python Certification Training, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 250,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. This training helps learners gain expertise in scripting in Python 3 and prepare individuals to take up Python job opportunities.

    If you come across any questions, feel free to ask all your questions in the comments section and our team will be glad to answer.

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