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Jenkins Tutorial | Continuous Integration Using Jenkins | Edureka

Last updated on Dec 29,2022 130.8K Views

A tech geek who is always interested in new technologies. A tech geek who is always interested in new technologies.
3 / 5 Blog from Jenkins

Jenkins Tutorial

Jenkins is a powerful application that enables continuous integration and continuous delivery of projects on any platform. It is a free, open-source application of DevOps tools that can handle any type of build or continuous integration.  Jenkins can be integrated with a variety of testing and deployment technologies. 

In this Jenkins Tutorial blog, we will show you how to use the Jenkins DevOps tool to continuously build and test your software projects. 

Before we proceed with Jenkins Tutorial, the key takeaways from the previous blog are:

  • Jenkins is used to integrate all DevOps stages with the help of plugins.
  • Commonly used Jenkins plugins are Git, Amazon EC2, Maven 2 project, HTML publisher etc.
  • Jenkins has well over 1000 plugins and 147,000 active installations along with over 1 million users around the world.
  • With Continuous Integration every change made in the source code is built. It performs other functions as well, that depends on the tool used for Continuous Integration.
  • Nokia shifted from Nightly build to Continuous Integration.
  • Process before Continuous Integration had many flaws. As a result, not only the software delivery was slow but the quality of software was also not up to the mark. Developers also had a tough time in locating and fixing bugs.
  • Continuous Integration with Jenkins overcame these shortcomings by continuously triggering a build and test for every change made in the source code.

Jenkins Tutorial: Why Jenkins?

Continuous integration is possible with Jenkins, a software program DevOps tool. 

A server where the central build will occur will have Jenkins installed on it. An extremely basic workflow for Jenkins is shown in the flowchart below.

Jenkins flowchart

It’s not uncommon to see Hudson mentioned in conjunction with the Jenkins DevOps tool. 

Developed by Sun Microsystems, which was later purchased by Oracle, Hudson is a very well-known open-source Java-based continuous integration tool. 

As a result of a fork in the Hudson source code following Oracle’s acquisition of Sun, Jenkins was developed.

What is Continuous Integration?

According to the development practice known as continuous integration, developers must periodically integrate new code into a shared repository. 

This idea was developed to solve the issue of discovering issues in the build lifecycle after they had already occurred. 

The developers must conduct frequent builds in order to use continuous integration. 

It is standard procedure to launch a build whenever a code commit takes place.

System Requirements

JDKJDK 1.5 or above
Memory2 GB RAM (recommended)
Disk Space No minimal standard exists. Note that enough disc space must be available for build storage because all builds will be stored on the Jenkins machines.
Operating System VersionJenkins can be installed on Windows, Ubuntu/Debian, Red Hat/Fedora/CentOS, Mac OS X, openSUSE, FReeBSD, OpenBSD, Gentoo.
Java ContainerThe WAR file can be run in any container that supports Servlet 2.4/JSP 2.0 or later.(An example is Tomcat 5).

 

Now is the correct time to understand Jenkins architecture.

Jenkins Tutorial: Jenkins Architecture

Let us revise the standalone Jenkins architecture that I have explained to you in the previous blog, below diagram depicts the same.

Jenkins Standalone Architecture - What is Jenkins - Edureka

This single Jenkins server was not enough to meet certain requirements like:

  • Sometimes you might need several different environments to test your builds. This cannot be done by a single Jenkins server.
  • If larger and heavier projects get built on a regular basis then a single Jenkins server cannot simply handle the entire load.

To address the above stated needs, Jenkins distributed architecture was introduced.

Jenkins Distributed Architecture

Jenkins uses a Master-Slave architecture to manage distributed builds. In this architecture, Master and Slave communicate through TCP/IP protocol.

Jenkins Master

Your main Jenkins server is the Master. The Master’s job is to handle:

  • Scheduling build jobs.
  • Dispatching builds to the slaves for the actual execution.
  • Monitor the slaves (possibly taking them online and offline as required).
  • Recording and presenting the build results.
  • A Master instance of Jenkins can also execute build jobs directly.

Jenkins Slave

A Slave is a Java executable that runs on a remote machine. The following are the characteristics of Jenkins Slaves:

  • It hears requests from the Jenkins Master instance.
  • Slaves can run on a variety of operating systems.
  • The job of a Slave is to do as they are told to, which involves executing build jobs dispatched by the Master.
  • You can configure a project to always run on a particular Slave machine or a particular type of Slave machine, or simply let Jenkins pick the next available Slave.

The diagram below is self-explanatory. It consists of a Jenkins Master which is managing three Jenkins Slave.

Jenkins Distributed Architecture - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Now let us look at an example in which Jenkins is used for testing in different environments like: Ubuntu, MAC, Windows etc.

The diagram below represents the same:

Distributed Testing - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

The following functions are performed in the above image:

  • Jenkins checks the Git repository at periodic intervals for any changes made in the source code.
  • Each builds requires a different testing environment which is not possible for a single Jenkins server. In order to perform testing in different environments Jenkins uses various Slaves as shown in the diagram.
  • Jenkins Master requests these Slaves to perform testing and to generate test reports.

Jenkins Tutorial: Jenkins – Installation

Download Jenkins DevOps Tool.

The official website for Jenkins is Jenkins. You can access the home page of the official Jenkins website by clicking the provided link, as displayed below.

jenkins installationThe most recent release as well as the Long-Term support release will by default be accessible for download. Downloads of previous releases are also offered. In the download section, select the Long-Term Support Release tab.

Starting Jenkins DevOps Tool

Launch the command window. Navigate to the directory containing the Jenkins.war file using the command prompt. Execute the upcoming command.

D:>Java –jar Jenkins.war

Several tasks will be carried out after the command has been executed, one of which is the extraction of the war file by an embedded webserver called Winstone.

D:>Java –jar Jenkins.war
Running from: D:jenkins.war
Webroot: $user.home/ .jenkins
Sep 29, 2015 4:10:46 PM winstone.Logger logInternal
INFO: Beginning extraction from war file

The following line will appear in the command prompt’s output once the processing is finished without any significant errors.

INFO: Jenkins is fully up and running

Accessing Jenkins DevOps Tool

Once Jenkins is up and running, one can access Jenkins from the link − http://localhost:8080

This link will bring up the Jenkins dashboard.

accessing jenkins devops tools

Verifying Java Installation

Open the console and run the following java command to confirm Java installation.

OSTask Command
WindowsOpen Command Console>java -version
UbuntuOpen Command Terminal$java -version

Depending on the platform you are using, you should receive one of the following outputs if Java has been installed correctly on your system.

OSOutput
WindowsJava version “1.8.0_202”

Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_202-b08)

Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.202-b08, mixed mode)

Ubuntujava version “1.8.0_252”

Open JDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_252-8u252-bo9-1ubuntu1-b09)

Open JDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.252-b09, mixed mode)

Before starting this tutorial, we’ll assume that all of our readers have Java 1.8.0 202 installed on their computers.

You can download Java JDK  from the link Oracle, if you don’t already have it.

Jenkins – Tomcat Setup

Download Tomcat

The official website for tomcat is Tomcat.You can access the official Tomcat website’s home page by clicking the provided link, which is displayed below.

Tomcat Jenkins DevOPs tools

Browse to the link https://tomcat.apache.org/download-70. cgi to get the download for tomcat.

Apache Jenkins Tools

Look under “Binary Distributions.” Download the Windows 64-bit zip file.

Then, unzip the downloaded zip file’s contents.

Jenkins DevOps Tool and Tomcat Setup

In the tomcat folder, move the Jenkins.war file that was downloaded in the previous section to the web apps folder.

The command prompt is now open. Search for the tomcat7 folder by navigating to its location from the command prompt. Open this folder’s bin directory and execute the start. BAT files

E:Appstomcat7bin;startup.bat

The output of the command prompt will show the next line once the processing is finished without any significant errors.

INFO: Server startup in 1302 ms 

Open the browser and go to the link − http://localhost:8080/jenkins

Tomcat will have Jenkins up and running.

jenkins devops tools and tomcat setup

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Git Setup

You must make sure that the machine on which DevOps Jenkins tool is installed has Internet connectivity to complete this exercise. Click the Manage Jenkins button on the left side of the Jenkins Dashboard (Home screen).

jenkins devops tools     

Select “Manage Plugins” from the menu on the following screen.

Git setup - jenkins devops tools

Select the Available tab from the following screen. A list of plugins that are available for download is provided on this tab. Go to the “Filter” tab and enter “Git plugin”

Jenkins git plugin

After that, the list will be filtered. Check the “Git Plugin” box, then select “Install without restart.”

jenkins git setup

The screen will then refresh to show the download status before the installation starts.

installing plugins windows

Following the completion of all installations, restart DevOps Jenkins by typing the following command into your browser. http://localhost:8080/jenkins/restart

Once DevOps Jenkins has been restarted, choosing Git as a job configuration option will be an option.

 To make sure, select New Item from the Jenkins menu options.

 Next, enter a name for the job; in this instance, the name is “Demo.” The item type should be set to “Freestyle project” Select “Ok” from the menu.

freestyle project

If you navigate to the Source code Management section on the following screen, “Git” will now be available as an option.

Source code management

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Maven Setup

Downloading and Setting Up Maven

The official website for maven is Apache Maven.You can access the home page of the official Maven website by clicking the provided link, as displayed below.

maven jenkins devops tools

Visit the Files section of the website and download the Binary.zip file using the link there.

File section of the website

Extract the files into the appropriate application folder after you download the file. The maven files will be stored in E: Appsapache-maven-3.8.6 for this purpose.

Setting up Jenkins DevOps Tool and Maven

Click Manage Jenkins in the left-hand menu of the Jenkins dashboard (Home screen).

welcome to jenkins window

Then, from the right side, select “Configure System.”

manage jenkin windows

Add maven

 

Click the ‘Add Maven’ button after scrolling down to the Maven section on the Configure system screen.

 

Add maven jenkins devops tools

‘Install automatically’ should be unchecked.

Give the setting and the location of the MAVEN HOME any name you like.

Then, press the “Save” button located at the bottom of the screen.

Maven home

 

maven project windows

 

With the new “Maven project” option, you can now create a job. Click the New Item button in the DevOps Jenkins dashboard.

maven project

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Configuration

You may have noticed a few instances in the earlier exercises where we had to configure Jenkins options. The different configuration options in Jenkins are displayed in the following.

By selecting “Manage Jenkins” from the left-hand menu, one can access Jenkins’ various configuration tools.

manage jenkins The following screen will then appear for you:

manage jenkins window

Then select Configure System. Some of the settings for Jenkins configuration that can be used are covered below.

configure system page

A crucial component of configuration is the configure system page. Generic Jenkins settings, global environment variables, and the majority of installed plugins are configured on this page. This screen represents several sections, each of which corresponds to a different configuration area.

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Home Directory

Jenkins needs a certain amount of disc space to run builds and store archives. This location can be verified from Jenkins’ configuration screen. This location will initially be saved in your user profile location and is set by default to /.jenkins. In a suitable setting, you should change this location to a suitable place to keep all pertinent builds and archives. There are several ways one can accomplish this.

Before launching the servlet container, set the “JENKINS HOME” environment variable to the new home directory.

  • The servlet container’s “JENKINS HOME” system property should be set.
  • Set the new directory as the “JENKINS HOME” environment variable for JNDI.
  • The first method of setting the “JENKINS HOME” environment variable will be used in the example that follows.

First, make a new Jenkins folder in E: Apps. Copy everything from the current /.Jenkins directory to this new directory.

The base directory location where Java is installed on your computer should be the value for the JENKINS HOME environment variable. For instance,

OSOutput
WindowsSet Environmental variable JENKINS_HOME to you’re the location you desire. As an example you can set it to E:AppsJenkins
Linuxexport JENKINS_HOME =/usr/local/Jenkins or the location you desire.

Click Manage Jenkins in the left-hand menu of the Jenkins dashboard. Then, from the right side, select “Configure System.”

You can now find the newly configured directory in the Home directory.

manage jenkins configure systems

Executors: 

This is the maximum number of jobs that can be executed simultaneously on the Jenkins machine. Depending on the circumstances, this can be altered. For better performance, it is sometimes advised to keep this number constant with the number of CPUs installed on the machines.

Environmental Factors:

Using this, you can add unique environment variables that apply to all jobs. These are key-value pairs that can be used wherever needed in Builds.

Jenkins URL:

The Jenkins URL defaults to pointing to localhost. Set this to the domain name if you have one set up for your computer; otherwise, localhost will be replaced with the IP address of the device. This will help in setting up slaves and sending out links using the email as you can directly access the Jenkins URL using the environment variable JENKINS URL which can be accessed as ${JENKINS URL}.

Email notification:  

You can set the SMTP settings for email sending in the Email Notification section. Jenkins needs to connect to the SMTP mail server and send emails to the recipient list, so this is necessary.

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Management

To manage Jenkins, select “Manage Jenkins” from the menu on the left.

By selecting “Manage Jenkins” from the left-hand menu, one can access Jenkins’ various configuration options.

jenkins devopps tool - management

You will then see the following screen:

manage jenkin windows for management

A few management options include the following:

Configure System:

Here, one can control the paths to the various build-related tools, including JDKs, Ant and Maven versions, security settings, email servers, and other system-level configuration information. the installation of plugins. After the plugins are installed, Jenkins will dynamically add the necessary configuration fields.

Reload Configuration from Disk:

All of Jenkins’ system and build job configuration information is kept in XML files that are kept in the Jenkins home directory. Additionally, the complete build history is kept here. You must add or remove the relevant build job directories from Jenkins’s builds directory if you are moving build jobs from one Jenkins instance to another or archiving old builds. You can reload the Jenkins system and build job configurations without taking Jenkins offline by using the “Reload Configuration from Disk” option.

Manage Plugin:

One can install a wide range of third-party plugins here, ranging from metrics reporting for code quality and code coverage to different Source code management tools like Git, Mercurial, or ClearCase. The Manage Plugins screen allows for the installation, updating, and removal of plugins.

manage plugins

System Information

All of the current Java system properties and system environment variables are listed on this screen. Here, one can see the exact Java Jenkins version, user, and other information that is running.

The name-value data that is presented in this section is shown in part in the screenshot that follows.

system properties

System Log:

Jenkins log files can be conveniently viewed in real-time on the System Log screen. Again, troubleshooting is the main purpose of this screen.

 

log recorders

 

jenkin logsLoad Statistics:

The length of the build queue and the number of concurrent builds are shown graphically on this page to give you an idea of how busy the Jenkins instance is and how long your builds will need to wait before being executed. These statistics can help determine whether additional build nodes or capacity is needed in terms of infrastructure..

load statistics Script Console:

You can execute Groovy scripts on the server using this screen. Since it necessitates a thorough understanding of the internal DevOps Jenkins architecture, it is helpful for advanced troubleshooting.  

Script consoleManage nodes:

DevOps Jenkins can manage distributed and parallel builds. You can specify how many builds you want on this screen. Jenkins runs concurrently and configures build nodes if you are using distributed builds. Jenkins can use a build node as an additional computer to carry out its builds.

manage nodes

 

Prepare for Shutdown:

The best time to avoid shutting down Jenkins or the server it is running on is when a build is in progress. The Prepare for Shutdown link, which stops any new builds from starting, can be used to properly terminate Jenkins. One will eventually be able to shut down Jenkins cleanly once all of the ongoing builds have been completed.

 

jenkins shutdown

 

Getting Started With Jenkins | Jenkins and DevOps tutorial | Jenkins for Beginners | Edureka

Creating a Build Using Jenkins

Step 1: From the Jenkins interface home, select New Item.

Jenkins Dashboard - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Step 2: Enter a name and select Freestyle project.

Jenkins Freestyle Project - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Step 3: This next page is where you specify the job configuration. As you’ll quickly observe, there are a number of settings available when you create a new project. On this configuration page, you also have the option to Add build step to perform extra actions like running scripts. I will execute a shell script.

Jenkins Execute Shell Script - Jenkins Tutorial - EdurekaThis will provide you with a text box in which you can add whatever commands you need. You can use scripts to run various tasks like server maintenance, version control, reading system settings, etc. I will use this section to run a simple script.

Shell Script - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Step 4: Save the project, and you’ll be taken to a project overview page. Here you can see information about the project, including its built history.

Project Overview - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Step 5: Click Build Now on the left-hand side to start the build.

Build Now - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Step 6: To see more information, click on that build in the build history area, whereupon you’ll be taken to a page with an overview of the build information.

Build History - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Step 7: The Console Output link on this page is especially useful for examining the results of the job in detail.

Console Output - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Step 8: If you go back to Jenkins home, you’ll see an overview of all projects and their information, including status.

Build Status - Jenkins Tutorial - Edureka

Status of the build is indicated in two ways, by a weather icon and by a colored ball. The weather icon is particularly helpful as it shows you a record of multiple builds in one image.

As you can see in the above image, the sun represents that all of my builds were successful. The color of the ball gives us the status of that particular build, in the above image the color of the ball is blue which means that this particular build was successful.

In this Jenkins Tutorial, I have just given an introductory example. In my next blog, I will show you how to pull and build code from the GitHub repository using Jenkins.

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Notification

Due to their accessibility and ease of use, emails have become a vital part of every organization.

There are many plugins on the market that enable you to customize every aspect of email notifications, including the one we’ll see in Jenkins right now.

Jenkins email notification is a Java-based plugin tool that automatically notifies users whenever new emails are received. The CI (Continuous Integration) code will benefit from it.

Step 1: Select Manage Jenkins -> Manage Plugins from the menu.

Jenkins - notification step 1

 

Step 2: Select Manage Jenkins -> Configure System to set up an SMTP server.

 

configure system jenkins tools

 

Proceed to System configuration.

 

system configuration step 2

 

Step 3: Select the Advanced button under the E-mail Notification section, then enter the necessary SMTP server information.

 

jenkins email notificationEnter and then select the Use SMTP Authentication checkbox.

Email ID: user@gmail.com

Login: *******

Using SSL I verified SMTP Port 465.

Put a check in the box next to the Test configuration by sending a practice email and type your email address in the field for the test email receipt. To determine whether the email address is valid or not, click the Test configuration button after that.

SMTP authentication

Step 4: Click on the Apply and Save buttons.

Step 5: Navigate to the Jenkins dashboard page. Click on the previously created job, such as HelloWorld, and then select “configure.”

jenkins dashboard

 

Step 6: Select the E-mail Notification section and scroll down to click on the Add post-build action button.

 

email- notification post build action

Step 7: In the E-mail Notification section, enter the receipt email address and check the “send an email for every unstable build” box.

post buid action - email notification

 

Step 8: Press the save button after applying.

Step 9: Visit the Home page, select the job (HelloWorld), and then select Build now.

Verify your email address after the job has been completed.

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Automated Deployment

After a successful build, Jenkins offers a variety of plugins that can be used to transfer the build files to the appropriate application or web server, such as the “Deploy to container” plugin. After a build, this plugin uses a war or ear file to deploy to an active remote application server.

Follow these instructions to use this plugin:

Step 1: Select Manage Plugins from the Manage Jenkins menu. Enter the “Deploy to container” plugin’s filter criteria in the Available tab.

automated deployement - step 1

 

 

step 1 - automation deployement

Select Go back to the top of the page.

installation page plugins

 

Step 2: Navigate to the build project you just created and select Configure from the panel’s left-hand menu.

project hello world page

 

Step 3: Scroll down to the Add post-build action button on the configuration page. Choose the option to deploy war/ear to a container.

 

adding post build action page

 

Step 4: Enter the information for the server where the files are to be deployed in the Deploy war/ear to a container section.

 

deploy war/ear to container

Step 5: press the Save button.Then click Build Now.

Following a successful build, the aforementioned procedures will guarantee that all necessary files are deployed to the container.

Jenkins – Server Maintenance

The following are some of the fundamental tasks you’ll perform, some of which are best practices for maintaining Jenkins servers.

Optional URLs: 

The relevant actions will be performed on the Jenkins instance when the commands listed below are appended to the URL of the Jenkins instance.

http://localhost:8080/jenkins/exit − shutdown jenkins

http://localhost:8080/jenkins/restart − restart jenkins

http://localhost:8080/jenkins/reload − to reload the configuration

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Home Backup

Jenkins stores all the data for the jobs, builds, etc. in a single location on your drive called Jenkins Home Directory.

By selecting Manage Jenkins -> Configure System, you can view the home directory’s location.

Jenkins home backup

 

 

Jenkins devops tools- home backups

 

Jenkins should be installed on the partition with the most available disc space. Always make sure Jenkins is configured on a drive with enough hard disc space because Jenkins will be taking source code for the various jobs defined and performing continuous builds. All builds on the Jenkins instance will start failing if your hard drive fills up.

Writing cron jobs or maintenance tasks that can perform cleanup procedures is another best practice for preventing the disc where Jenkins is installed from filling up.

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Continuous Deployment

Continuous delivery and deployment are well supported by Jenkins. The process of developing software and then deploying it will look like what is shown below.

contineous deployement

The main goal of continuous deployment is to fully automate the process described above. Jenkins offers a variety of plugins for each of these “Deploy to container” plugins, which was seen in earlier sections, is one of them.

Jenkins offers several plugins that are used to display the continuous deployment process graphically.

Let’s first create a different project in Jenkins to see how it functions and to simulate the QA stage to understand that:

Step 1: Click New Item on the Jenkins Dashboard.

new items in dashboard Step 2: Give the item a name, and select the Freestyle project option. I’ve labeled this item “demo” for clarity. Press the OK button.

freestylle projects page

 

Step 3: In this example, we’re keeping things straightforward by only printing HelloWorld.

Choose Git, then type the GitHub URL for your HelloWorld program in the Repository URL field.

Repository URL field

Step 4: Give the command to run your Java program by selecting the Execute Windows Batch Command option from the add build step button.

windows batch command

 

Step 5. Press the Apply and Save buttons.

project demo page

 

Our project demo has thus been produced. A build can be checked to determine whether it was successfully created or not. Select the Build Now option to inspect a build.

 

project demo page in

Step 6: Go back to the Helloworld project you previously created and select the Configure button.

configure button

Step 7: Select Build other projects under Add post-build action in the Project configuration.

build other pipeline command

 

Step 8: Type “demo” as the project name to build in the Projects to build option. The other selection can be left as is. After clicking Apply, press Save.

 

post build actions page

Step 9: Complete the HelloWorld project building. To accomplish that, select Build Now.

project hello world page

Step 10: Click the most recent build and choose Console Output.

project hello world page 2

 

 

Now, if you look at the Console output, you will also see that the build of the demo project will take place after the HelloWorld project has been successfully built.

 

Console output Delivery Pipeline Plugin

Step 11. Installing the Delivery pipeline plugin is the eleventh step. Choose Manage Jenkins from the menu.

 

manage jenkins page dashboard

Step 12: Choose Manage Plugins from the menu.

manage jenkins homepage

 

Step 13: Using the filter option in the Available tab, look for the “Delivery Pipeline” plugin. Click Install without Restart after choosing the Delivery Pipeline plugin.

 

delivery pipeline page

After the plugins have been installed successfully, click the link that says “Go back to the top page.”

insatll plugin page continuous deployment

 

Step 14: On the Jenkins Dashboard screen, click the + symbol in the tab next to the All tab to view the Delivery Pipeline in action.

 

jenkins dashboard page

 

Step 15: Choose Delivery Pipeline View and give the view a name. Press the OK button.

 

Delivery pipeline page

Step 16: Leave the default selections on the following page. Change the following settings by scrolling down:

Check to see if “Show static analysis results” is selected.

Ensure that the “Show total build time” checkbox is selected.

Enter the Helloworld project as the first job that should build in the Pipelines section for the Initial job.

Give the Pipeline any name you like.

Select “Apply” and “OK.”

build a pipeline section

You can now see a view of the entire delivery pipeline as well as the current status of every project in it.

dashboard page

Build Pipeline Plugin

The “Build pipeline” plugin for Jenkins is another significant plugin. Look at this plugin, shall we?

Step 1: Click Manage Jenkins on the Jenkins Dashboard.

manage jenkins dashboard page final part

Step 2: Choose Manage Plugins from the menu.

manage plugin list

 

Step 3: Filter for Build pipeline in the Available tab, choose Build pipeline plugin and then click the Install without Restart button.

build pipeline page list

Step 4: After the installation has been successful, click the link that says “Go back to the top page.”

installation plugins final part

Step 5: In the Jenkins Dashboard, click the + icon in the tab next to the All tab to view the Build pipeline in action.

build pipeline dashboard final parts

 

Step 6: Select the Build Pipeline View option under the View name option and type any name.

build pipeline listsStep 7: Scroll down and leave all default settings alone. Enter the name of the HelloWorld project for the select initial job option in the Upstream/downstream config section. Next, press the OK button.

downstram config

The status of each project in the entire delivery pipeline can now be seen, and you have a view of the entire pipeline.

build pipeline jenkins devops tools

Jenkins DevOps Tool – Managing Plugins

Jenkins provides a variety of plugins for different task. To see the list of all available plugins in Jenkins, open the following link: https://plugins.jenkins.io/

In our earlier sections, we have already seen a large number of plugins. Let’s look at some plugin maintenance tasks.

Installing Plugins:

Step 1: Navigate to the Jenkins Dashboard and select Manage Jenkins to begin installing a plugin.

jenkins tools manage jenkins

 

Step 2: Scroll down and choose Manage Plugins.

 

jenkins tools manage jenkins dashboard

Step 3: Locate the plugins you want to install by going to the Available tab and using the filter option.

plugins available

 

Step 4: Choose those plugins, then click the button that says “Install without restart.” Another option is the button that says “Download now and install after restart.”

 

install the plugin without restart

Click the link that says “Go back to the top page” once the installation has been completed.

install plugins /upgradesUninstalling Plugins

Step 1: Go to Manage Jenkins to uninstall a plugin from Jenkins.

manage jenkins list step 1

Step 2: Choose Manage Plugins.

manage plugin updates

Step 3: Select the Installed tab. And then choose the pipeline that you want to remove by clicking the Uninstall button.

pipeline timeline

Step 4: Select Yes from the menu.

uninstalling plugin Jenkins DevOps Tool – Backup Plugins

The data and configurations must both be included in a Jenkins backup. It includes job configuration, plugin configuration, build logs, and plugins.

Jenkins provides a plugin for backups that can be used to save crucial Jenkins configuration settings. Let’s examine how to configure the Jenkins backup plugin:

Step 1: To remove a plugin from Jenkins, go to Manage Jenkins.

jenkins last step

Step 2: Select Manage Plugins.

manage jenkins last step

 

Step 3: Choose the Installed tab. After that, select the pipeline you want to uninstall by clicking the Uninstall button.

 

pipeline setup last step

 

Step 4: To return to the top of the page after a successful installation, click the link.

install plugins last step

Step 5: Backup manager will now be an option when you select Manage Jenkins and scroll-down. Make this your choice.

backup manager

 

Step 6: Select setup.

 

backup manager last stepStep 7: In the Backup config files, type the name of the directory. Make sure it is located on a different drive than the one where your Jenkins instance is installed. Next, select the Save button.

Backup Config files Step 8: To start the backup, click the Backup Hudson configuration link on the backup manager page.

backup hudson config

 

The backup status will appear on the following page.

jenkins shutdown last step

Go to the Backup manager screen and select Restore Hudson configuration to restore data from a backup.

backup hudson last step

Here, the backup list will be displayed.

No matter what platform you are using, DevOps Jenkins is a powerful tool that enables continuous integration and delivery of projects. Any build or continuous integration can be handled by this free source. A variety of testing and deployment technologies are compatible with Jenkins. We’ll go over how to use Jenkins to continuously build and test your software projects in this tutorial. 

If you found this Jenkins Tutorial relevant, check out the DevOps training by Edureka, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 250,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. The Edureka DevOps Certification Training course helps learners gain expertise in various DevOps processes and tools such as Puppet, Jenkins, Nagios and GIT for automating multiple steps in SDLC.

Got a question for us? Please mention it in the comments section and we will get back to you.

 

 

 

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Comments
10 Comments
  • Diksha Chauhan says:

    The best explanation I have ever came across. Easy to understand and learn all about Jenkins in one go.

    Thanks

  • Nihar More says:

    Hey buddy great Post,

    I found something helpful which I want to share as I was browsing the web for learning some coding algorithms it was very difficult to visit different sites at a time but I found a site named https://hackr.io/

    I went here and found that the stuff from best programming sites were all allocated at a single place so I just thought of sharing with you all.

    I hope it will help you
    This might be useful to your readers: https://hackr.io/tutorials/learn-jenkins

  • Priya Darshinit says:

    Hi,can you tell me if jenkins can be installed on windows?if so how?

    • EdurekaSupport says:

      Hey Priya, thanks for checking out our blog.
      Yes it can be installed. Please follow the below steps :WINDOWS:
      STEP 1:
      Go to this link https://jenkins.io/download/
      and download the war file
      STEP 2:
      put this war file in DESKTOP or anywhere
      STEP 3:
      start powershell or command prompt
      cd to directory where u have kept the war file ( cd Desktop if u have saved on desktop)
      STEP 4:
      execute the command
      java -jar jenkins.war
      http://ip-of-your-machine:8080.(here we can see the jenkins dashboard)’
      Hope this helps. Cheers!

  • praveen says:

    Saurabh Can you please also explain some real time issues and commands which you use in Jenkins. that would be really helpfull

  • sai kumar says:

    Very nice explanation. Helped me clear basic concepts of Jenkins.

    • EdurekaSupport says:

      Hey Sai Kumar, thanks for the wonderful feedback! We’re glad we could be of help.
      Do subscribe to our blog to stay posted on upcoming blog posts. Cheers!

  • chandu says:

    This tutorial is very helpful , so where i can get the next block of your , Thanks in Advance.

    • Saurabh Kulshrestha says:

      Hey Chandu, thanks for checking out the blog. I’m glad you liked it. I’ll be publishing the next blog in the series very soon. Please subscribe to our blog to stay posted. Cheers!

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Jenkins Tutorial | Continuous Integration Using Jenkins | Edureka

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