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Java Frameworks are the bodies of pre-written code through which you are allowed to add your own code. But there are a lot of frameworks out there which have various applications. So, in this article, I’ll discuss the top 10 Java frameworks you should master.
Let’s look at the topics to be covered in this article:
Let’s get it started!
Frameworks are large bodies of pre-written code to which you add your own code in order to solve a problem. You make use of a framework by calling its methods, inheritance, and supplying callbacks, listeners, or other implementations of the patterns.
A framework will often dictate the structure of an application. Some frameworks even supply so much code that you have to do very little to write your application. This can be good or bad, depending on how easy it is to use. Frameworks are the substance of programming. You build on top of a good one, your program is solid and fast and comes together beautifully. You build on top of a bad one, your life is miserable, brutish, and short.
1. Spring framework
Spring Framework is a powerful lightweight application development framework used for Enterprise Java (JEE).
The core features of the Spring Framework can be used in developing any Java application. It is described as a complete modular framework. This framework can be used for all layer implementations of a real-time application. It can also be used for the development of a particular layer of a real-time application unlike the other frameworks, but with Spring we can develop all layers.
Now, let’s see where is this Spring framework used.
Now, talking about the major companies that use Spring framework for application development, we have,
Hibernate ORM is a stable object-relational mapping framework for Java. It makes better communication possible between the Java programming language and relational database management systems (RDBMS).
When you work with an object-oriented language like Java, you’ll encounter a problem called Object-Relational Impedance Mismatch also called Paradigm Mismatch. This is because OO languages and RDBMSs handle the data differently, which can lead to severe mismatch problems. So, this Hibernate provides you with a framework that overcomes the mismatch problems of Java.
Now, talking about the major companies that use Hibernate framework for application development, we have,
This is another enterprise-level framework, maintained by the Apache Software Foundation (ASF). This fully-featured Java web application framework that allows the developers to create an easy-to-maintain Java application. There are two versions. Struts 1 and Struts 2. Struts 2 is the combination of webwork framework of OpenSymphony and Struts 1. But all the companies prefer using Struts 2 because it is the upgraded version of Apache Struts.
Now, talking about the major companies that use Struts framework for application development, we have,
JavaServer Faces (JSF) is developed by Oracle for building user interfaces for Java-based web applications. It’s an official standard of the Java Community Process (JCP) initiative. It’s a pretty stable framework.
This is a component-based UI framework. JSF is based on the MVC software design pattern and has an architecture that totally defines a distinction between application logic and representation.
Grails is a dynamic framework, coined by the Groovy JVM programming language. It is an object-oriented language for the Java platform which intends to enhance developer productivity. The syntax is compatible with Java, and it’s compiled to JVM (Java Virtual Machine) bytecode. Grails works with Java technologies, including Java EE containers, Spring, SiteMesh, Quartz, and Hibernate.
Vaadin is a web application framework which focuses on UX accessibility. It provides you with a platform for streamlined Java development. Vaadin also allows you to build web applications of customizable components.
Vaadin 10 approaches web app development in an entirely new way. It gives you direct access to the DOM from the Java Virtual Machine. With the new release, the Vaadin team split the previously monolithic framework into two parts. It also has a lightweight Java framework called Vaadin Flow that handles routing and server-client communication.
This is a simple and lightweight and high-performance Java framework used for providing a full-stack web framework. Blade is a lightweight MVC Framework that provides a restful routing interface, making the web API cleaner and much easier to understand and also helps in synchronizing data with the website.
Blade is based on Java 8, and the web server and template engine are built into the framework, too. It has a minimal impression it means the source code is less than 500kb in total.
Dropwizard is a high-performance Java framework for rapid development of RESTful web services. It is especially suitable for creating Java microservices. The Dropwizard framework pulls together various well-established Java libraries in order to provide with a fast and distraction-free development platform.
Dropwizard is a separate ecosystem that contains all the dependencies bundled into a single package.
Operations-friendly Java framework
This is a reactive web and mobile framework for highly scalable Java applications. Play makes it possible to develop lightweight and web-friendly Java and Scala applications for desktop and mobile interfaces. It is often compared with powerful frameworks of other languages, like Ruby on Rails for Ruby, or Django for Python.
Play is a unique Java framework as it doesn’t rely on the Java EE standards. Instead, it intends to remove all the inconveniences of traditional Java web development like slow development cycles, a lot of configuration and many more. Built upon Akka Toolkit, Play framework truncates the creation of concurrent and distributed applications on the Java Virtual Machine.
This brings us to the end of this article where we have discussed the Top 10 best Java frameworks in use. Hope you are clear with all that has been shared with you in this tutorial. If you’re just beginning, then watch at this Java Tutorial to Understand the Fundamental Java Concepts.
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