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Introduction to Operations Management: Meaning, Objectives & Functions

Published on Dec 13,2022 55 Views


Introduction to Operations Management: Operations management is a critical function for any organisation. It is responsible for planning, coordinating, and controlling the resources needed to produce goods and services. Operations management aims to ensure that an organisation’s operations are efficient and effective. To achieve this, operations managers must plan, organise, and oversee the resources and processes required to produce goods and services. 

In this blog post, we will introduce the concept of operations management and explore its meaning, objectives, and functions. We will also discuss the importance of operations management in today’s organisations.

Introduction to Operations Management: What Do You Understand By Operations Management?

Operations management is concerned with designing, operating and improving an organisation’s production system. It includes managing resources such as raw materials, equipment and human resources. Operations management aims to ensure that the organisation’s production system runs smoothly and efficiently.

The operations management functions include planning, scheduling, controlling and monitoring the organisation’s production process. Operations managers also oversee the day-to-day operations of the production system and make decisions about how to improve its efficiency.

Introduction to Operations Management: Significance of Operations Management In A Business

Operations management is concerned with ensuring that the company’s operations are efficient and effective and that they meet the customers’ needs. It is also responsible for ensuring that the company’s products and services are delivered on time and within budget.

Operations management is vital in ensuring that a company’s operations are aligned with its strategic objectives. It helps to ensure that the company uses its resources in the most efficient way possible and responds quickly to changes in demand.

Introduction to Operations Management: Operations management is essential for businesses of all sizes, but it is significant for businesses that are growing rapidly or are undergoing major changes. In these situations, operations management can help ensure that the company’s operations can keep up with the market’s demands.

Introduction to Operations Management: What Are The Objectives of Operations Management?

Product Selection and Design

Product selection and design is a key operations management function determining which products or services the company will offer its customers. The objectives of product selection and design are to:

The objectives of Product Selection and Design are to

  1. Identify customer needs and wants: The first step is to understand what customers want and need from the products or services offered by the company. This can be done through market research, surveys, focus groups, etc.
  2. Develop products or services that meet customer needs: Once customers’ needs are understood, the next step is to develop products or services that meet those needs. This includes designing products or services that are safe, reliable, and efficient.
  3. Select the right mix of products or services: Once the products or services are developed, the company must decide which ones to offer to customers. This decision is based on several factors, such as market demand, production capacity, cost, etc.
  4. Continuously improve product or service offerings: Even after products or services are launched, it is important to continuously improve them based on feedback from customers and other stakeholders. This helps ensure that the company remains competitive and offers high-quality products or services.

Materials Handling

The primary objective of materials handling is to move materials from one location to another efficiently and effectively. Other objectives of materials handling include:

  • Minimising the amount of time spent handling materials
  • Minimising the cost of moving materials
  • Maximising safety
  • Minimising damage to materials

Capacity Planning

The main objective of capacity planning is to ensure that the company has the necessary resources to meet customer demand. This involves ensuring enough capacity to produce the required products or services and that this capacity is available when needed.

To achieve this, capacity planning must consider several factors, such as customer demand, product mix, production rates and lead times. It must also consider the availability of raw materials, equipment and labour. Considering all of these factors, it is possible to develop a plan to ensure the company has the necessary resources to meet customer demand.

Production Planning and Control

The main objective of production planning and control is to ensure that the production process runs smoothly and efficiently. A number of factors need to be considered when planning and controlling production, such as demand forecasting, capacity planning, inventory management, scheduling, and quality control.

Production planning and control are vital in operations management, ensuring that all resources are used optimally to meet customer demand. By carefully planning and controlling production, businesses can minimise waste, reduce costs, and improve quality.

Also Read: What Is The Scope Of Operations Management?

Inventory Control

Inventory control is the process of ensuring that inventory levels are maintained at an optimal level. The objectives of inventory control are to ensure that the correct inventory level is maintained, that stock is available when needed, and that unnecessary stock is not held.

Inventory levels must be carefully monitored to avoid both stock-outs and excessive stock. Stock-outs can lead to lost sales and customer dissatisfaction, while too much stock can tie up capital and lead to storage costs.

The objective of inventory control is to ensure that the right inventory level is maintained so that neither stock outs nor excessive stock occurs. This requires a delicate balance, as too little inventory can lead to lost sales, while too much inventory can tie up working capital.

Quality Assurance And Control

The Quality Assurance and Control (QA/C) objective is to ensure that the products and services provided by the organisation meet the required standards and specifications. This is done through a combination of quality assurance activities, such as quality control, quality assurance planning, and quality improvement.

The QA/C objective is important because it helps to ensure that the products and services provided by the organisation fit their intended purpose and meet the customer’s needs. It also helps to improve customer satisfaction and reduce complaints.

Several methods can be used to achieve the QA/C objective, such as statistical quality control, Six Sigma, Lean manufacturing, and Total Quality Management (TQM). Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to select the most appropriate method for each situation.

The QA/C objective is integral to operations management and should be given due importance in any organisation.

Introduction to Operations Management: What Are The Functions of Operations Management?

Introduction To Operations Management: what are the functions of operations management?

 

Operational Planning

Operational planning is setting goals and designing strategies to achieve those goals. Operational planning functions are to establish objectives, develop policies, set priorities, allocate resources, and create procedures.

Operational planning is necessary to ensure that an organisation’s activities are aligned with its mission and goals. With operational planning, an organisation may achieve its objectives and save resources on activities that do not contribute to its goal.

Operational planning is a dynamic process that should be reviewed and updated regularly to be effective. Operational planning functions can be divided into four main categories: goal setting, policy development, resource allocation, and procedure creation.

Goal setting is the first function of operational planning. Goals should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound. Objectives should be aligned with the organisation’s mission statement.

Policy development is the second function of operational planning. Policies guide decision-making and help ensure an organisation’s activities align with its goals. Policies should be reviewed regularly and updated as needed.

Resource allocation is the third function of operational planning. Resources must be allocated to support the achievement of organisational objectives. When allocating resources, consideration must be given to the organisation’s long-term needs and the short-term needs of specific projects or initiatives.

Financial Planning

One of the most critical functions of operations management is financial planning. Financial planning ensures the company has enough money to buy the raw materials it needs to produce its products or services. It also ensures that the company can pay its employees and other expenses.

Operations managers use financial planning to make sure that the company’s production process is profitable. They create budgets and track spending. They also work with other departments within the company, such as marketing, to ensure that its products or services are priced correctly.

Data Interpretation

Data interpretation is the process of understanding and using numerical data. In an operational context, data interpretation often takes the form of analysing data to identify trends and make decisions about improving operations.

There are several different types of data that can be interpreted in an operational context, but the most common are financial performance and customer data. Financial data can be used to understand profitability, performance data can be used to understand efficiency, and customer data can be used to understand satisfaction.

Data interpretation is critical in operations management because it allows managers to make informed decisions about improving their operations. Without accurate and timely data interpretation, it would be very difficult for managers to identify problems and opportunities within their operations.

Quality Control

Quality control is the process of ensuring that products and services meet customers’ expectations. It involves setting standards, measuring and testing products and services, and taking corrective action if necessary.

There are two main approaches to quality control: preventive and corrective. Preventive quality control focuses on preventing problems from occurring in the first place. Corrective quality control focuses on identifying and correcting problems after they have occurred.

The main functions of quality control are ensuring that products and services meet customer requirements, identifying and correcting defects, and preventing defects from occurring in the first place. To do this, quality control teams use various tools and techniques, such as inspection, testing, and statistical analysis.

Inspection is visually examining products or services to conform to standards. Testing is the process of assessing whether products or services meet specified requirements. Statistical analysis is a technique used to identify trends or patterns in data so that corrective action can be taken if necessary.

Quality control teams also develop Quality Plans, which outline the procedures and methods that will be used to ensure that products or services meet customer requirements. Quality Plans typically include detailed instructions on conducting inspections, tests, and statistical analyses. They also specify when and how often these activities should be carried out.

Forecasting

Forecasting is a critical function of operations management. It helps businesses plan for future demand and ensures that the necessary resources are available. There are several different forecasting methods, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

The most common forecasting methods are trend analysis, regression analysis, and time-series analysis. Trend analysis is used to identify long-term trends in data. Regression analysis is used to identify relationships between variables. Time-series analysis is used to predict future values based on past data.

Each of these methods has its own strengths and weaknesses. Time-series analysis is the most complex but can provide the most accurate predictions. Trend analysis is simple but can be inaccurate if the data contains outliers. Regression analysis is more complex but can be more accurate.

Operations managers must carefully choose the forecasting method that best suits their needs. The choice of method will depend on the type of data available, the desired level of accuracy, and the resources available to perform the forecast.

Supply Chain Management

Supply chain management (SCM) is managing the flow of goods and services from suppliers to customers. It involves planning, coordination, and control of all activities in the supply chain to ensure efficient and effective operations.

 Introduction to Operations Management: What Are The Skills Required To Become An Operations Manager?

An operations manager is responsible for the day-to-day management of a company’s operations. They plan, coordinate and control the resources and activities needed to produce a company’s products and services.

Operations managers need to have strong problem-solving, decision-making and leadership skills. They must be able to communicate effectively with and motivate employees. They also need to have a good understanding of business processes and be able to use various tools and technologies to manage operations.

Conclusion

In conclusion, operations management is an organisation’s strategic function that helps ensure that the organisation is running smoothly and efficiently. Operations management is responsible for the planning, scheduling, and controlling of all production and manufacturing processes. Additionally, operations managers ensure that all resources are used effectively and efficiently to meet customer demand.

Are you looking for a way to gain the upper hand in your career? Look no further than our Advanced Certificate in Operations, Supply Chain and Project Management. This comprehensive program offers you a comprehensive overview of core operations, supply chain and project management concepts and industry best practices. Our expert faculty will help you develop an understanding of the different types of operations, supply chain and project management techniques and how they can be applied in the real world. 

 

More Information:

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Introduction to Operations Management: Meaning, Objectives & Functions

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