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What are Excel Pivot Tables and how to create them?

Published on Nov 26,2019 195 Views
What are Excel Pivot Tables and how to create them?

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Excel provides several excellent features and one among them is Pivot Tables. Excel Pivot Tables are widely used all over the world by people belonging to various backgrounds such as Information Technology, Accounting, Management, etc. In this Excel Pivot Table Tutorial, you will be learning all that you need to know about Pivot Tables and also how you can visualize the same using Pivot Charts.

Before moving on, let’s take a quick look at all the topics that are discussed over here:

What is a Pivot Table in Excel?

A Pivot Table in Excel is a statistical table that condenses data of those tables that have extensive information. The summary can be based on any field such as sales, averages, sums, etc that the pivot table represents in a simple and intelligent manner.

Features of Excel Pivot Tables:

Excel Pivot Tables have a number of remarkable features such as:

  • Allow you to display the exact data that you want to analyze
  • The data can be viewed from various angles
  • You can focus on any section of data according to your requirements
  • Makes data comparison very easy
  • Pivot tables can detect different patterns, relationships, data trends, etc
  • Allow you to create instant data
  • Create accurate reports

Now that you are aware of what Excel Pivot Tables are, let’s move on to see how you can actually create them.

Preparing Table Data:

Before you actually start creating a Pivot table, you will need to jot down the data for which you intend to create pivot tables in Excel. In order to create a table for this purpose, keep the following points in mind:

  • The data must be arranged into rows and columns
  • The first row should have a short and unique heading for every column
  • Columns should hold only a single type of data
  • The rows should contain the data for a single recording 
  • No blank rows should be present
  • No column should be completely blank
  • Keep the table separate from other data in the sheet by giving at least one row and column space between the table and other data

For example, take a look at the table below:

Table-Excel Pivot Tables Tutorial-Edureka

As you can see, I have created a table that holds information regarding the sale of fruits in different cities by various individuals along with its amount. There are no empty rows or columns in this table and the first row has unique names for every column i.e Order ID, Date, Name, etc. The columns contain the same type of data i.e the IDs, dates, names, etc respectively.

Creating Pivot Tables:

Follow the given steps to create Excel Pivot Tables:

  1. Select the entire region from the sheet that you intend to create a pivot table for
    Table for pivot table-Edureka
  2. Click on the Insert tab present in the Ribbon
  3. Select Pivot Table from the Tables group
    Insert PivotTable Excel-Edureka
  4. Once this is done, you will see the following dialog box
    Create PT-Excel Pivot Tables Tutorial-Edureka
  5. Specify the Table range and the place where you want to create a pivot table i.e either a New Worksheet or Existing Worksheet
  6. If you select New Worksheet option, a new sheet will be created for the Pivot Table
  7. If you select Existing Worksheet option, you will have to select the cell from where you want your Pivot Table to start

When this is done, you will see that an empty Pivot table has been created and you will see a Pivot Table Fields pane opening towards the right of the Excel window using which you can configure your pivot table as shown in the image below:

configuring Pivot Tables-Edureka

 

This pane provides 4 areas i.e Filters, Columns, Rows and Values where,

  • Filters allow you to filter out data based on some criteria
  • Columns will represent the fields you want to place in the columns
  • Rows will represent the fields you want to place in the rows
  • Values field can be used only for figures from the table

All the fields present in your table will be represented as a list in the Pivot Table Fields pane. To add any field to any area, just drag and drop it there as shown below:

Selected Fields:

Fields-Edureka

Pivot Table:

adding fields-Excel Pivot Tabes Tutorial-Edureka

 

The table above shows a two-dimensional pivot table with the rows being vendor names and the items as columns. Therefore this table shows what each vendor has sold and the amount obtained by each of them. The final column shows the total amount of each vendor and the last row shows the total amount for each item.

If you wish to create a one-dimensional pivot table, you can do so by selecting just the row or the column labels. Take a look at the following example where I have selected just the row labels to represent the Cities along with the Sum of Amount:

one-dim pivot table-Edureka

Filter:

In case you want to filter out the data for some particular city, you will just have to open the dropdown menu for cities from the pivot table, and select the city of your choice. For example, if you filter out the statistics for Chicago from the above table you will see the following table:

Pivot Chicago-Edureka

 

Changing Fields:

In order to change the fields in your pivot table, all you have to is drag and drop the fields you wish to see in any of the four areas. In case you want to remove any of these fields, you can simply drag the field back to the list. For example, if you change the row labels from vendor names to item names and the column labels to the quantity of each item you will see the following table:

Change Field-Exel-Edureka

 

In the above table, you can see that all the items are mapped along with the quantity of each of them and the table has listed down the amount received for each of these items in all the cities. You can see that bananas are the most sold among all fruits and the total amount of it is 2300.

Now in case you want to see the same statistics for some particular city, simply select the appropriate city from the filter’s dropdown list. For example, if you filter out the data for New York, you will see the following table:

Change filters-Excel-Edureka

Similarly, you can create various pivot tables for any field of your choice.

Pivot Table Details:

In the above example, you have seen the total amount received by selling fruits in New York. In case you want to see the details of each statistic displayed in the pivot table, simply double click on the desired statistic and you will see that a new sheet has been created where you will have a table that shows you the details of how the final result is obtained. For example, if you double click on the amount for Apples, you will see the following table:

Details Pivot Table-Edureka

As you can see, Roger and Rafa have old 26 Apples for 500 each in New York. Therefore, the final amount received for all the Apples is 1000.

Sorting:

In case you want to sort out the table in ascending or descending order, you can do it as follows:

  • Create the pivot table and then right-click on the amount
  • From the list, select Sort and choose between Largest to Smallest and Smallest to Largest options

Sort Excel-Edureka

As you can see in the image, the pivot table has been sorted to show the amount received by each vendor starting from the least amount going up to the highest.

Value Field Settings:

As you have seen in the previous examples, Excel shows the Grand Total by summing up the amount for every item. In case you want to change this in order to see other figures such as the average, count of items, product, etc just right-click on any of the Sum of Amount values and select the Value Field Settings option. You will the following dialog box:

Change value field-Edureka

You can select any option from the given list. For example, if you select Count, your pivot table will show the number of times each vendor name is appearing in the Table with the total number of them at the end.

Change value field2-Edureka

Now, if you want to see details as to where these names are appearing, double-click on any of the names and you will see a new table that has been created for it in a newly created Excel sheet. For example, if you double-click on Rafa, you will see the following details:

Rafa Pivot Table-Edureka

 

Grouping:

Excel allows you to group similar data while creating Pivot Tables. In order to group some data, simply select that piece of data and then right-click on it and from the list, click on Group option.

Take a look at the image below where I have grouped Apples and Bananas in Group1 and Oranges and Pineapples into Group2 and hence calculated the amount for each group.

Group Pivot tables-Edureka

 

In case you do not want to see the individual objects present in each group, you can simply collapse the group by selecting the Collapse from the Expand/ Collapse option present in the right-click menu.

Collapse group-Edureka

Adding Multiple Fields:

Excel also allows you to add multiple fields to each area present in the PivotTable Fields window. All you have to do is drag and drop the desired field in the respective area.

For example, if you want to see what quantity of items are sold in each city, simply drag the Item and Quantity field to the Row area and the City field to the Column area. When you do this, the pivot table generated will be as shown below:

Multiple rows-Excel Pivot Tables Tutorial-Edureka

 

Similarly, you add multiple fields to the column as well as the values area. In the next example, I have added another amount field to the values area. To do this, simply drag and drop the Amount field for the second time to the values area. You will see that another Sum of Amount field will be created and Excel will also populate the columns accordingly. In the example below, I have changed the second value field to calculate the number of times each item is appearing along with the quantity for each city.

Multiple Values-Edureka

 

Formatting the Pivot table:

In order to format your Pivot Table, click on Design present in the Ribbon bar. From here, you will be able to configure the table however you want. For example, let me change the table design and remove the Grand totals present in my table. Also, I will create banded rows for my Pivot Table.

format pivot table-Excel Pivot Tables Tutorial-Edureka

There are many other options that you can try out for yourself.

Creating a Pivot Chart for the Pivot Tables:

Pivot tables can be used to create frequency distribution tables very easily which can be represented using Pivot Charts. So in case, you want to create a Pivot Chart for the Amount field between the lower and upper range, follow the given steps:

  • Drag the Amount field to Row area and once again to the Values area
    PC-Excel-Edureka
  • Group the price range according to your preference
    Group PC-EdurekaGroup PC2-Edureka

Select the Pivot Chart option present in the Home tab and then you will see a window that allows you to select between various types of charts. In the example given below, I have chosen the Bar type:

Pivot Chart-Edureka

This brings us to the end of this article on Excel Pivot Tables Tutorial. I hope you are clear with all that has been shared with you. Make sure you practice as much as possible and revert your experience.  

Got a question for us? Please mention it in the comments section of this “Excel Pivot Tables Tutorial” blog and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

To get in-depth knowledge on any trending technologies along with its various applications, you can enroll for live Edureka MS Excel Online training with 24/7 support and lifetime access.

 

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