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Docker For Windows | Setting Up Docker On Windows

Last updated on May 22,2019 5.2K Views
Zulaikha Lateef
Zulaikha is a tech enthusiast working as a Research Analyst at Edureka. Zulaikha is a tech enthusiast working as a Research Analyst at Edureka.
7 / 11 Blog from Docker

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If you’re looking for simple and painless software deployment, Docker is the right tool for you. It is the best containerization platform and in this blog on Docker for Windows we’ll specifically focus on how Docker works on Windows.

To get in-depth knowledge on Docker, you can enroll for live DevOps Certification Training by Edureka with 24/7 support and lifetime access.

I’ll be covering the following topics in this blog:

  1. Why use Docker For Windows?
  2. Docker for Windows prerequisites 
  3. Components installed with Docker 
  4. What is Docker?
  5. Docker Terminologies
  6. Hands-On

Why use Docker for Windows?

Why use Docker for Windows - Docker for Windows - Edureka

Why use Docker for Windows – Docker for Windows

  • Avoids the work on my machine but doesn’t work on production problem: This problem occurs due to the inconsistent environment throughout the software development workflow. With Docker you can run an application within a container which contains all the dependencies of the application and the container can be run throughout the software development cycle. This practice provides a consistent environment throughout the software development life cycle
  • Improves productivity: By installing Docker on windows we’re running Docker natively. If you’ve been following Docker for a while, you know that Docker containers originally supported only Linux operating systems. But thanks to the recent release, Docker can now natively run on windows, which means that Linux support is not needed, instead the  Docker container will run on the windows kernel itself
  • Supports native networking: Not only the Docker container, the entire Docker tool set is now compatible with windows. This includes the Docker CLI (client), Docker compose, data volumes and all the other building blocks for Dockerizied infrastructure are now compatible with windows. But how is this advantageous? Since all the Docker components are locally compatible with windows, they can now run with minimal computational overhead.

Docker For Windows Prerequisites

Docker for Windows - Prerequisites - Edureka

Docker for Windows – Prerequisites

The following requirements need to be met before installing Docker on windows:

  1. Check if you’re using Windows 10, either pro edition or enterprise edition, 64-bit system. Docker will not run on any other windows version. So if you’re running on an older windows version, you can install the Docker toolbox instead. 
  2. Docker for windows requires a Type-1 hypervisor and in the case of windows, it’s called the Hyper-V. Hyper-V is basically a lightweight virtualization solution build on top of the hypervisor framework. So you don’t need a virtual box, you just have to enable the hypervisor.
  3. And also you need to enable the virtualization in BIOS. Now when you install Docker for windows, by default of this is enabled. But in case you’re facing any issue during installation, please check if your Hyper-V and virtualization is enabled.

Components Installed With Docker

Components installed with Docker - Docker for Windows - Edureka

Components installed with Docker – Docker for Windows

  1. Docker Engine: When we say Docker, we actually mean Docker engine. The Docker engine contains the Docker daemon, REST API for interacting with the Docker daemon and a command line interface client that communicates with the daemon. Docker daemon accepts Docker commands such as Docker run, Docker build, etc, from the Docker client.
  2. Docker Compose: Docker compose is used to run multiple Docker containers at once by using a single command, which is docker-compose up.
  3. Docker Machine: Docker machine is used to install Docker engine. It is basically what you install on your local system. The Docker machine has it’s own CLI client known as the Docker machine and a Docker engine client called Docker.
  4. Kitematic: Kitematic is an open source project built to simplify the use of Docker on Windows. It helps to automate the installation of Docker and it provides a very interactive user interface for running Docker containers.

If you want to learn more about Docker for Windows, check out this video by our DevOps experts.

Docker For Windows | Edureka

What Is Docker?

Docker is a containerization platform that runs applications within containers called Docker containers. Docker containers are light weighted when compared to virtual machines. When you install a Virtual machine on your system, it uses the guest operating system on top of your host operating system.  This obviously takes up a lot of resources like disk space, RAM, etc. On the other hand, Docker containers make use of the host operating system itself.

What is Docker - Docker for Windows - Edureka

What is Docker – Docker for Windows

In the above image, you can see that, there’s a host operating system on top of which the Docker engine is mounted. The Docker engine runs container #1 and container #2. Both of these containers have different applications and each application has its own libraries and packages installed within the container.

I hope you have a good idea about what Docker is if you still have doubts check out this blog to learn more!

Let’s discuss some Docker terminologies now:

  • Docker Images

Docker images are read-only templates to build Docker images. Docker images are created from a file called Dockerfile. Within the Dockerfile, you define all the dependencies and packages that are needed by your application.

  • Docker Containers

Every time you run a Docker image, it runs as a Docker container. Therefore, a Docker container is the run time instance of a Docker image.

  • Docker’s Registry

Docker’s registry, known as DockerHub is used to store Docker images. These images can be pulled from the remote server and can be run locally. DockerHub allows you to have Public/Private repositories.

Docker swarm is a technique to create and maintain a cluster of Docker engines. A cluster of Docker engines comprises of multiple Docker engines connected to each other, forming a network. This network of Docker engines is called a Docker swarm. A Docker manager initiates the whole swarm and the other Docker nodes have services running on them. The main goal of the Docker manager is to make sure that the applications or services are running effectively on these Docker nodes.

Docker compose is used to run multiple containers at once. Let’s say that you have 3 applications in 3 different containers and you want to execute them at once. This is where Docker compose comes in, you can run multiple applications in different containers at once, with a single command, which is docker-compose up.

Hands-On

We’ll begin our demo by installing Docker for windows. But before we do that, check if you’ve met the prerequisites.

One more thing to note is since Docker for Windows requires Microsoft’s Hyper-V and once it’s enabled, VirtualBox will no longer be able to run virtual machines. So you can’t run Docker for Windows and a VirtualBox on the same system, side by side.

Install Docker On Windows:

  1. Download Docker for Windows installer from the official website
  2. Double-click on the installer to run it
  3. Go through the Install Wizard, accept the license and proceed with the install
  4. After installation, open the Docker for Windows app and wait till the whale icon on the status bar becomes stable
  5. Open up any terminal like Windows PowerShell and start running Docker

Installation - Docker for Windows - EdurekaInstallation – Docker for Windows

Enough of theory, let’s get our hands dirty and create a simple Python web application by using Docker Compose. This application uses the Flask framework and maintains a hit counter on Redis.

Flask is a web development framework, written in Python and Redis is an in-memory storage component, used as a database. You don’t have to install Python or Redis, we’re simply going to use Docker images for Python and Redis.

In this demo we’re going to use Docker compose to run two services, namely:

  1. Web service
  2. Redis service.

What does the application do? It maintains a hit counter every time you access a web page. So each time you access the website the hit counter gets incremented. It’s simple logic, just increment the value of the hit counter when the web page is accessed.

For this demo, you’ll need to create four files:

  1. Python file
  2. Requirements.txt
  3. Dockerfile
  4. Docker compose file

Below is the Python file (webapp.py) that creates an application by using the Flask framework and it maintains a hit counter on Redis. 

import time
import redis
from flask import Flask
app = Flask(__name__)
cache = redis.Redis(host='redis', port=6379)
def get_hit_count():
retries = 5
while True:
try:
return cache.incr('hits')
except redis.exceptions.ConnectionError as exc:
if retries == 0:
raise exc
retries -= 1
time.sleep(0.5)
@app.route('/')
def hello():
count = get_hit_count()
return 'Hello World! I have been seen {} times.
'.format(count)
if __name__ == "__main__":
app.run(host="0.0.0.0", debug=True)

The requirements.txt file has the name of the two dependencies, i.e. Flask and Redis that we’ll be installing in the Dockerfile.

flask
redis

The Dockerfile is used to create Docker images. Here, I’m installing python and the requirements mentioned in the requirements.txt file.

 
FROM python:3.4-alpine 
ADD . /code 
WORKDIR /code 
RUN pip install -r requirements.txt 
CMD ["python", "webapp.py"] 

The Docker compose file or the YAML file contains two services:

  1. Web service: Builds the Dockerfile in the current directory
  2. Redis service: Pulls a Redis image from DockerHub
version: '3'
services:
web:
build: .
ports:
- "5000:5000"
redis:
image: "redis:alpine"

You can now run these two services or containers by using the following command:

docker-compose up

To view the output you can use Kitematic. To open Kitematic, right click on the whale icon on the status bar.

Kitematic -Docker For Windows - Edureka

Kitematic – Docker for Windows

On the top left-hand corner, you can see the two services running. 

Kitematic -Docker For Windows - Edureka

Kitematic – Docker for Windows

This is what the output looks like. When you refresh the page, the hit count gets incremented.  

Output -Docker For Windows - EdurekaOutput – Docker for Windows

With this, we come to the end of this blog. I hope you have a better understanding of how Docker works on Windows. Stay tuned for more blogs on the most trending technologies.

If you found this Docker for Windows blog relevant, check out the DevOps training by Edureka, a trusted online learning company with a network of more than 450,000 satisfied learners spread across the globe. The Edureka DevOps Certification Training course helps learners gain expertise in various DevOps processes and tools such as Puppet, Jenkins, Docker, Nagios, Ansible, and GIT for automating multiple steps in SDLC.

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