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DevOps Tutorial : Introduction To DevOps

Last updated on Apr 19,2022 261.1K Views

11 / 13 Blog from Introduction To DevOps

The Grand View Research study forecasts that the DevOps market will reach US$12.85 billion by 2025. According to the rankings of Glassdoor 50 Best Jobs in America for 2021, DevOps engineer stands in the 5th position. “The role of DevOps Engineer has seen a 225% jump in postings on Indeed,” according to an SD Times report. According to Indeed and AngelList, 80% of the companies pay more than $90,000 starting salary to a DevOps Engineer. Also, 35% pay at least $115,000, and 17% pay more than $125,000. So this blog on Devops Tutorial will be helpful to cover all the major concepts of DevOps. The following topics are covered in this Devops Tutorial blog:

What is DevOps?
History of DevOps
Why DevOps?
Waterfall Model
Waterfall Model Challenges
DevOps Architecture Features
How is DevOps different from traditional IT?
How is DevOps different from Agile?
Applications of DevOps
DevOps Advantages and Disadvantages

What is DevOps?

The word DevOps is a combination of two words Development and Operations. Before getting into what DevOps is, let us get an idea about the two teams involved in software development. The development team is responsible for developing, designing, and building the application. The operation team deals with the deployment and testing of the application. If there are problems with the application, the operation team also provides feedback to the development team. Now let us get to the history of DevOps.

History of Devops

Let us see some important events of DevOps :

2007-2008: The DevOps idea was started

2009: In the initial stage the first conference was ” Deploys a day: Dev and Ops cooperation of flicker.”  Another conference called “DevOps Days in Ghent, Belgium” also happened.

2010:DevOps days conference happened in the United States at mount view, calif.

2012: Allana browns at puppet creates a state of DevOps report

2014: Publishing the annual “State of DevOps report”

2017: Forrester Research calls 2017 “The Year of DevOps

2018: 30 DevOps day conferences were scheduled across the united states.

Why did we need DevOps?

As we know about the problems faced in traditional models like in the waterfall model there is a problem of a one-way stream of work. Due to which if there is any mistake the whole process repeats and there is no interaction with customers. Now, this is solved in agile by splitting the whole development plan into several iterations for a better level of production efficiency.  The agile model also includes customer interaction with the company to rectify the mistakes. But there is another problem faced in Agile too.

Here, the problem arises when the development team continuously changes the code for better performance and sends the code to the operations team for testing. But there may be a delay in the operations team feedback in situations like if the developers sent code for review at night but due to the unavailability of the operations team, there will be a delay in the project feedback.

So, DevOps is the solution to this problem. DevOps is a practice or a methodology in which the development team and operations team work together by including automation at the initial stages. So they can work on  rapidly changing systems, fix bugs, and help to deliver a good quality of software in time.

Waterfall Model 

Let’s consider developing software in a traditional way using a Waterfall Model in this Devops Tutorial.

Waterfall Model - DevOps Tutorial - Edureka

In the above diagram in this Devops Tutorial, you will see the phases it will involve:

  • ­In phase 1 – Complete Requirement is gathered and SRS is developed
  • In phase 2 – This System is Planned and Designed using the SRS
  • In phase 3 – Implementation of the System takes place
  • In phase 4 – System is tested and its quality is assured
  • In phase 5 – System is deployed to the end users
  • In phase 6 – Regular Maintenance of the system is done

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Waterfall Model Challenges

The Water-fall model worked fine and served well for many years however it had some challenges. In the following diagram the challenges of Waterfall Model are highlighted.

WaterFall-Model-Challenges-DevOps-Tutorial-Edureka

In the above diagram in this Devops Tutorial you can see that both Development and Operations had challenges in the Waterfall Model.  From Developers point of view there were majorly two challenges:

  • After Development, the code deployment time was huge.
  • Pressure of work on old, pending and new code was high because development and deployment time was high. On the other hand, Operations was also not completely satisfied.

There were four major challenges they faced as per the above diagram in this Devops Tutorial:

  1. It was difficult to maintain ~100% uptime of the production environment.
  2. Infrastructure Automation tools were not very affective.
  3. Number of severs to be monitored keeps on increasing with time and hence the complexity.
  4. It was very difficult to provide feedback and diagnose issue in the product.

DevOps Architecture:

Let us now discuss different phases of DevOps architecture:

Devops Tutorial - Edureka

  • Plan – In DevOps planning plays an important role. In this stage, all the requirements of the project and everything regarding the project like time for each stage, cost. etc are discussed. This will help everyone in teams to get a brief idea about the project. 
  • Code – In this Stage the code is written over here according to the client’s requirements. Here the code is divided into small codes called Units. This is done to get a clear picture of the code. For example, if the team is doing a project on an online -Ekart application then the login part is divided as one unit, after login the page which shows all the categories is divided as another unit, user profile as another unit, etc. 

Some of the examples of the tools used are Git, JIRA

  • Build – In this stage Building of the units is done. Some of the examples of the tools used are maven, Gradle.
  • Test – Testing of all units is done in this stage. So we will get to know where exactly the code is having bugs and if there are mistakes found it is returned. Some of the examples of the tools used are Selenium, PYtest
  • Integrate – In this stage, all the units of the codes are integrated. That means in this step we will be creating a connection between the development team and the operation team to implement Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment. An example of the tool used is Jenkins. 
  • Deploy – In this stage, the code is deployed on the client’s environment. Some of the examples of the tools used are AWS, Docker.
  • Operate – Operations are performed on the code if required. Some of the examples of the tools used are Kubernetes, open shift.
  • Monitor – In this stage monitoring of the application is done over here in the client’s environment. Some of the examples of the tools used are Nagios, elastic stack.

How is DevOps different from traditional IT in this Devops Tutorial?

 Let us take a look at some key differences between traditional IT and DevOps in this Devops Tutorial.

Let us take a look at the workflow of traditional IT methods and DevOps to get a better understanding of the differences between them.

In traditional IT methods [specifically waterfall method] the developer writes the code in their coding environment. Once the development is complete they will inform the operations team to test the code. 

Now the operations team will be taking the code from the coding repository and will be passing through some test cases. If there are any bugs detected then it’s sent back again to the development team. This is continued till the bugs are resolved. So as we can see the main problem is, there is a lot of time is wasted because the testing is done only when the coding is completed. So if there is a small mistake by developers. For finding that small mistake the whole testing process is done again. So the solution for this problem is implementing testing at the early stages [development stage].

Now if we check about the workflow of DevOps. The main feature includes Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment pipeline. By which the previous problem can be resolved. So now the development team need not wait for the results of their code. By including the automation feature at the initial stages [development stage] we can get the knowledge about bugs at initial stages and they can be solved quickly. So there will be a faster deployment and quick delivery of the software.

How is DevOps different from Agile?

DevOpsAgile
DevOps deals with filling the time gap between the development team and the operations team.Agile methodology deals with filling the gap between customers and the company.
Here the feedback will be coming from the Operations team to the development team.Here the feedback will be coming from the customers to the company.
It focuses on constant testing and delivery.It focuses on constant changes.
Some of the tools used in DevOps: Puppet, AWSSome of the tools used for Agile: JIRA, Bugzilla, Kanboard

Applications of DevOps:

 Let us see some of the top applications of DevOps in this Devops Tutorial:

United Airlines: 

United Airlines, Inc. is a major American airline. This company changed its traditional method of testing to continuous testing using DevOps which helped the company to save $500,000.It also increased its coverage of code by 85%.

 

KeyBank:

KeyBank, the primary subsidiary of KeyCorp, is a regional bank headquartered in Cleveland. This bank used DevOps for the integration of security. DevOps almost decreased the time of the process from three months to one week.

 

HP:

HP - Devops Tutorial - Edureka

This company faced a problem regarding testing their software. Here bugs are detected using manual testing after six weeks of writing code and if there are any bugs found it would take one week to fix them. So to overcome this issue they integrated the Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment pipeline

 

 

Rabobank:

Rabobank is a Dutch multinational banking and financial services company. By the integration of DevOps, this company has reduced its bugs by up to 35%. Which helped the company to deliver applications faster to the clients. It also decreased the time of regression testing as it had already been tested several times while developing.

 

Amazon and Netflix:

These companies faced the same problem. At the initial stages, they were adapted to monolithic architecture. But as they grew to handle the huge amount of traffic they adopted AWS cloud-based microservice architecture.

Adobe:

Adobe - Devops Tutorial - Edureka

This company faced the issue regarding the monolithic architecture and there are communication issues between the teams so they integrated microservice architecture and CI/CD pipelines for point-to-point communication.

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of DevOps:

Advantages:

  • Faster development of software and quick deliveries.
  • DevOps is flexible and adaptable to changes easily.
  • Compared to the previous software development models confusion about the project is decreased due to which the product quality and efficiency are increased.
  • The gap between the development team and operation team was bridged. i.e, the communication between the teams has been increased.
  • Efficiency is increased by the addition of automation which includes continuous integration and continuous deployment.
  • Customer satisfaction is enhanced.

Disadvantages:

  • DevOps is expensive.
  • Certain levels of skills are required for maintaining the DevOps architecture.
  • Adopting DevOps technology into the traditional style of industries is quite a challenge.

Summary:

Now that we’ve covered all of the fundamentals of DevOps in this DevOps Tutorial article, you should understand why we chose DevOps over other software development methodologies [such as waterfall and agile]. Aside from that, we went through some of the most popular DevOps applications. I hope this has clarified some of the core DevOps concepts and given you a better understanding of why DevOps is needed.

If you’re searching for a demanding and rewarding career. Whether you’ve worked in DevOps or are new to the field, the DevOps PG Program is what you need to learn how to succeed. From the basic to the most advanced techniques, we cover everything. You can also check out our DevOps Engineer Masters Program. It will help you to gain expertise on DevOps tools.

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Comments
15 Comments
  • mallikarjun says:

    Hi Team could please share complete Devops engineer videos links

  • mallikarjun says:

    could please share step by steps Devops Engineer tools videos links

  • Niyat patel says:

    Thanks, Its awesome

  • Siddharth Pawar says:

    Need Some Article For Jenkins

    • EdurekaSupport says:

      Hey Siddharth, we hope you liked our content. Here is a list of blogs we have for Jenkins: https://www.edureka.co/blog/?s=jenkins
      Do let us know if you find them helpful. Cheers :)

    • EdurekaSupport says:

      Thank you, Aastha. Do browse through our other blogs and let us know how you liked it. Cheers :)

  • Autotestpro Ltd Automated Test says:

    A great article and highlights the plethora of tools actually required to make DevOps a reality. The good news for ServiceNow users…things are getting better with solutions that replace a dozen of these tools with a single integrated solution.

    • EdurekaSupport says:

      We are glad to know that you liked our blog. Do subscribe to our blog to stay posted oon upcoming blogs. Thanks :)

  • Narendra says:

    Hello,

    First of all, a very nice article.
    As I feel mainframes is no where similar to the other technology.
    Does mainframes also have building, testing, integration tools in devops.

    Thanks

    • Omar Cura says:

      Yes, UCD and other Rational Tools can be use.

  • R Subramanian says:

    good article helps understanding devops basics which is further confident to take on advanced topics

    • EdurekaSupport says:

      +R Subramanian, thanks for the wonderful feedback! We’re glad you liked our blog.
      Do subscribe to our blog to stay posted on upcoming blog posts. Cheers!

  • Rahul Dabhi says:

    Great article..

    Helped understanding me devops. What is devops and the basis things Thanks edureka

    • EdurekaSupport says:

      Hey Rahul, thanks for the wonderful feedback! We’re glad we could help. Do subscribe to our blog to stay posted on upcoming blogs. Cheers!

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DevOps Tutorial : Introduction To DevOps

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