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Get Started with Cyber Security: An Ultimate Roadmap

Last updated on Apr 15,2024 4.4K Views

Soumya Swain
Passionate about technology and its endless possibilities - driving innovation forward. Passionate about technology and its endless possibilities - driving innovation forward.

The world is shifting towards everything digital and with technologies advancing so quickly, everybody is living and breathing data, which is making Cyber Security the Need of the Hour. Before diving deep into this roadmap of cyber security let’s start with the basics. 

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is all about protecting systems, servers, networks, data and devices connected to the internet from malicious attacks intended towards illegally accessing, altering and exploiting data. In fact rapid digital transformation is one of the major reasons why companies need to amp up their cyber security operations. 

Why is Cyber Security Important? 

Cyber Crimes are increasing rapidly and according to Cybersecurity Ventures, the annual Worldwide Cybercrime cost was USD 3 trillion in 2015 and is expected to increase to USD 10 Trillion annually by 2025. The Global Digital Disruption has made cyber attacks a prime concern for companies globally.

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What is the Current Cyber Security Market

According to Fortune Business Insights, the Global CyberSecurity Market peaked at USD 139.77 Billion in 2021 and is projected to surpass USD 376.32 billion in 2029. With Companies amping up their cyber security expenses, the global cybersecurity spending will go as high as $1.75 Trillion cumulatively from 2021 to 2025. 

Increasing Demand for Cyber Security Professionals 

With an increase in cyber security budgets in organizations, there is a spike in the number of cyber security job opportunities as well. Companies are on the lookout for fresh talent ready to handle their cyber security challenges. 

In the latest Cyber Security Report by Michael Page, it was stated that companies are desperate to hire cyber security professionals. Worldwide there will be over 3.5 million jobs that will remain unfilled in 2023 due to lack of skilled talent. Moreover India is expected to have over 1.5 million vacant jobs in cybersecurity by 2025. Making cyber security an amazing career path, especially for freshers looking to kick start their career.

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Is there Job Security in the Cyber Security Field?

Even though the Cybersecurity field is brimming with opportunities, lack of awareness and myths like cyber security being ideal only for people coming from strong coding backgrounds is making people repel away from pursuing a career in cyber security. 

Moreover The fear of global recession is looming around and to watch Automation & AI take over jobs from multiple sectors might get people worried if cybersecurity is the right career path. So, if you are someone who is worried about job safety as well, then here’s something for you. 

Cyber Security is an evergreen field, companies will always need cyber security professionals to keep their Data and Security Systems safe. Not just this, your worries are valid and we have made a comprehensive effort to address every question a person looking to start a career in cyber security might have. 

Can a person from a non tech background learn cyber security? 

Yes, a person from a non-technical background can actually do wonders in the field of cyber security. It actually does not matter which background you belong from, all you need to have is the willingness and dedication to learn cyber security. 

There is a misconception that cyber security is all about hacking or breaking into systems, but in reality it’s all about creating processes on how people can operate efficiently in a technologically advancing world without falling victim to cyber attacks. 

Over 90% of security breaches occur due to human errors, which brings lack of cyber security awareness amongst people to light. Lately companies have been prioritizing security  awareness, due to which multiple roles are popping up in the cyber security space focused on policy development, training, governance, cyber law, security communications, awareness, privacy and ethics which do not revolve around solving technical problems. 

What Are the Skills Required for a Career in Cybersecurity?

Here are some technical and soft skills that cyber security professionals are expected to have especially if they are trying to get into their very first cyber security role. 

Most Common Cyber Security Technical Skills 

  1. Operating Systems Fundamentals

    Learn how different operating systems work and interact with each other. Operating system fundamentals helps you build a strong knowledge base to learn the advanced concepts of cyber security better.

  2. Risk Analysis and Risk Management

    As a cyber security professional you will be required to do candid risk analysis of situations and take smart decisions that in turn prevents security breaches.

  3. Network Security Fundamentals

    Understanding Network Security fundamentals helps you detect threats in the security structure of the organization and quickly helps you implement general security controls.

  4. Encryption

    Learning Encryption will help you secure sensitive data throughout its life cycle right from the time of its creation to transferring, retrieving, editing, storing and more.

  5. Incident Handling

    As a cyber security professional it’s important to learn how to quickly respond to incidents and understand the cause of such incidents.

  6. Learn Programming

    In order to become a great cyber security professional, you need to become familiar with programming languages such as Javascript, Python and Java.

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Most Common Cyber Security Soft Skills 

  1. Analytical Skills

    Analytical Skills really help you identify and define a complex problem and start building workable solutions around it.

  2. Problem Solving

    Being quick on your feet is an important skill to have when it comes to being a cyber security professional. If the security system has issues instant actions need to be taken in order to fix them.

  3. Teamplayer

    Cyber security is a collaborative field, having good communication skills, being assertive and having the ability to work well in a team are some good qualities to withhold.

  4. Adaptability

    With technologies changing and evolving so rapidly, it’s important for cyber security professionals to adapt quickly and as often as possible.

Explore Various Job Roles in Cyber Security 

As per popular belief many candidates aspiring to get into cyber security pull back because they think it’s only for people from technical backgrounds. In reality there are ample amounts of roles available for people hailing from non technical backgrounds as well. Here we will be discussing both technical and non-technical job roles you can explore in cyber security. 

List of Technical Job Roles in Cyber Security

  • Network Security Engineer
  • Cyber Security Analyst
  • Security Analyst 
  • Cybersecurity Engineer
  • Security Administrator
  • Application Security Engineer
  • Ethical Hacker / Penetration Testers
  • Incident Manager
  • Cryptographer
  • Cyber Security Consultant
  • Cloud Security Engineer

List of Non Technical Job Roles in Cyber Security

  • Cyber Security Product Manager
  • Cyber Security Project Manager
  • Data Protection Officer
  • Cyber Security Content Writer
  • Cyber Security Subject Matter Specialists
  • GRC Analyst
  • Policy Writer
  • Security Awareness & Compliance Specialists


The use of technology is increasing and anything connected to the internet is vulnerable to cyber attacks and with the increasing use of technology, the fear of cyber attacks will continue to increase, making the demand for cyber security professionals prominent.

We hope this article helped you get a complete overview on Cyber Security and its importance. You can start your journey in the most in-demand field by joining Edureka’s Cyber Security and Ethical Hacking Internship Program. You can attend a Free Demo Session – Register Now and gain insights on how you can kickstart your Cyber Security Career. 



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Get Started with Cyber Security: An Ultimate Roadmap