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How to Implement Builder Design Pattern in Java

Last updated on Oct 05,2023 2K Views

Creating Complex Objects in Java is a very important aspect of Java. In this article, we will understand the Builder Design Pattern in Java in the following order:


What is a Builder Pattern in Java?

Builder Pattern in Java is another way to construct complex objects. It is used to construct a complex object. Step by step construction of the object takes place and the object is constructed at the final step.

Builder Design Patterns

A builder design pattern is similar to a factory design pattern. The only difference is that the builder pattern provides you more control over the object creation as compared to the factory method.

Related Article: Top 30 Java Pattern Programs

Where Are Builder Design Patterns used?

Consider you are making a pie. There are different types of pie and each has different ingredients. But some ingredients may be similar. To write a code for this we will require many constructors. This could cause a problem.  There are two major problems.

  1. Too many constructors to handle.

  2. There may be an error because there may be similar parameters.

This problem is solved by using a builder pattern.

Consider the Code:

class Pie {
    private final double sugar;
    private final double butter;
    private final int eggs;
    private final int vanilla;
    private final double flour;
    private final double bakingpowder;
    private final double milk;
    private final int cherry;
    public static class Builder {
        private double sugar;
        private double butter;
        private int eggs;
        private int vanilla;
        private double flour;
        private double bakingpowder;
        private double milk;
        private int cherry;
        public Builder sugar(double cup){this.sugar = cup; return this; }
        public Builder butter(double cup){this.butter = cup; return this; }
        public Builder eggs(int number){this.eggs = number; return this; }
        public Builder vanila(int spoon){this.vanilla = spoon; return this; }
        public Builder flour(double cup){this.flour = cup; return this; }
        public Builder bakingpowder(double spoon){this.sugar = spoon; return this; }
        public Builder milk(double cup){this.milk = cup; return this; }
        public Builder cherry(int number){this.cherry = number; return this; }
        public Pie build() {
            return new Pie(this);
    private Pie(Builder builder) {
        this.sugar = builder.sugar;
        this.butter = builder.butter;
        this.eggs = builder.eggs;
        this.vanila = builder.vanila;
        this.flour = builder.flour;
        this.bakingpowder = builder.bakingpowder;
        this.milk = builder.milk;
        this.cherry = builder.cherry;
    public String toString() {
        return "pie{" + "sugar=" + sugar + ", butter=" + butter + ", eggs=" + eggs + ", vanila=" + vanila + ", flour=" + flour + ", bakingpowder=" + bakingpowder + ", milk=" + milk + ", cherry=" + cherry + '}';
public class BuilderPatternInterface{
    public static void main(String args[]) {
        pie whitePie = new pie.Builder().sugar(1).butter(0.5).  eggs(2).vanila(2).flour(1.5). bakingpowder(0.75).milk(0.5).build();


Builder Design Pattern in Java


Explanation of the code:

In the above code, the demo of the builder pattern is shown. We have a class pie. In this class, we have a builder class that has builder methods for setting properties. In the next part, there is a constructor pie that builds the code.

This reduces the need for constructors. The only drawback is that the lines of code increases.


Advantages of Builder Design Pattern

  • Readable method calls are made available by reducing the parameters to the constructors.

  • It reduces the number of parameters in the constructor. We need not pass null as a parameter as well.

  • Objects created are always instantiated in a complete state.

  • Immutable objects are built without complex logic.


Disadvantages of Builder Design Pattern

  • The number of lines of code increase

  • Requires creating a separate builder class.


With this, we come to an end of this Builder Design Pattern in Java article. I hope you got an idea of what Design Patterns are and how do they work.

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How to Implement Builder Design Pattern in Java